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Cyclizine Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Warnings

Cyclizine is also known as: Bonine for Kids, Cyclivert, Marezine

Cyclizine Pregnancy Warnings

In a study 111 mothers given cyclizine during the first trimester for the control of nausea and vomiting, no increase in the incidence of malformations was noted. In addition, other phenothiazine-type agents used for nausea, including prochlorperazine and meclizine, were not associated with malformations. One review of 1125 women who took cyclizine during the first trimester noted five cleft palates amongst the offspring of this group. The incidence of cleft palate among babies born to 24,208 mothers not receiving cyclizine was 19, indicating an approximate five-fold increase in cleft palates among cyclizine users. However, the incidence of cleft palate was similar in patients with nausea and vomiting not treated with cyclizine, indicating the condition itself may be to blame. A review of prenatal drug use in 3026 women with premature infants demonstrated an increased risk of retrolental fibroplasia with antihistamine use during the last two weeks of pregnancy. The dosage used or the particular antihistamine was not specified. The incidence of retrolental fibroplasia in premature infants exposed in utero to antihistamine during this time was 21% compared to 11% in premature infants not exposed.

Cyclizine has been assigned to pregnancy category B by the FDA. Although cyclizine has been shown to be teratogenic in animals, a study of cyclizine use in the first trimester of human pregnancy found no increase in the rate of malformations. Cyclizine is only recommended for use during pregnancy when benefit outweighs risk.

See references

Cyclizine Breastfeeding Warnings

There are no data on the excretion of cyclizine into breast milk.

See references

References for pregnancy information

  1. Miklovich L, van den Berg BJ "An evaluation of the teratogenicity of certain antinauseant drugs." Am J Obstet Gynecol 125 (1976): 244-8
  2. "Product Information. Marezine (cyclizine)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  3. Zierler S, Purohit D "Prenatal antihistamine exposure and retrolental fibroplasia." Am J Epidemiol 123 (1986): 192-6
  4. McBride WG "An aetiological study of drug ingestion by women who gave birth to babies with cleft palate." Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 9 (1969): 103-4

References for breastfeeding information

  1. "Product Information. Marezine (cyclizine)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.

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