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Drug interactions between Suboxone and trazodone

Results for the following 2 drugs:
Suboxone (buprenorphine/naloxone)
trazodone

Interactions between your selected drugs

Moderate

trazodone ↔ buprenorphine

Applies to:trazodone and Suboxone (buprenorphine/naloxone)

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

GENERALLY AVOID: Trazodone may cause prolongation of the QT interval. Theoretically, coadministration with other agents that can prolong the QT interval may result in additive effects and increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias including torsade de pointes and sudden death. In experimental models, trazodone has been found to inhibit hERG-encoded cardiac potassium channels responsible for the rapid delayed rectifier K+ current (IKr)--an action that is considered a predictor of drug-induced QT prolongation. However, the extent to which trazodone may affect cardiac repolarization in clinical use has not been adequately studied. There have been postmarketing reports of torsade de pointes associated with immediate-release trazodone following overdose and in the presence of multiple confounding factors, even at dosages of 100 mg/day or less. In general, the risk of an individual agent or a combination of agents causing ventricular arrhythmia in association with QT prolongation is largely unpredictable but may be increased by certain underlying risk factors such as congenital long QT syndrome, cardiac disease, and electrolyte disturbances (e.g., hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia). The extent of drug-induced QT prolongation is dependent on the particular drug(s) involved and dosage(s) of the drug(s). In addition, central nervous system- and/or respiratory-depressant effects may be additively or synergistically increased in patients taking trazodone with certain other drugs that cause these effects, especially in elderly or debilitated patients.

MANAGEMENT: Coadministration of trazodone with other drugs that can prolong the QT interval should generally be avoided. Caution and clinical monitoring are recommended if concomitant use is required. Trazodone should also not be used in patients with risk factors for QT prolongation. Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia should be corrected prior to initiation of trazodone treatment and periodically monitored. Patients should be advised to seek prompt medical attention if they experience symptoms that could indicate the occurrence of torsade de pointes such as dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting, palpitation, irregular heart rhythm, shortness of breath, or syncope. When trazodone is used in combination with other drugs that cause CNS and/or respiratory depression, patients should be monitored for potentially excessive or prolonged CNS and respiratory depression. Ambulatory patients should be counseled to avoid hazardous activities requiring mental alertness and motor coordination until they know how these agents affect them, and to notify their doctor if they experience excessive or prolonged CNS effects that interfere with their normal activities.

References

  1. "Product Information. Oleptro (traZODone)." Labopharm Inc, Laval, AL.
  2. Mazur A, Strasberg B, Kusniec J, Sclarovsky S "QT prolongation and polymorphous ventricular tachycardia associated with trasodone-amiodarone combination." Int J Cardiol 52 (1995): 27-9
  3. EMA. European Medicines Agency. European Union "European Medicines Agency. Available from: URL: http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/index.jsp?curl=pages/regulation/document_listing/document_listing_000366.jsp&mid=WC0b01ac058067c852" ([2013 - ]):
View all 7 references

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a guideline only. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific patient is difficult to determine using this tool alone given the large number of variables that may apply.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2016 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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