Drug interactions between dextromethorphan / guaifenesin / phenylephrine and Prozac
Interactions between your selected drugs
dextromethorphan ↔ fluoxetine
Applies to:dextromethorphan/guaifenesin/phenylephrine and Prozac (fluoxetine)
Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.
GENERALLY AVOID: Coadministration with potent CYP450 2D6 inhibitors (e.g., quinidine, terbinafine) may significantly increase the plasma concentrations of dextromethorphan in patients who are extensive metabolizers of this isoenzyme (approximately 93% of Caucasians and more than 98% of Asians and individuals of African descent). The proposed mechanism is inhibition of the CYP450 2D6-mediated O-demethylation of dextromethorphan. Studies in humans have shown an increase in systemic exposure of dextromethorphan of up to 43-fold when given concurrently with quinidine. Increased plasma concentrations increase the risk of dextromethorphan-related adverse effects (e.g., agitation, confusion, tremor, insomnia, diarrhea, and respiratory depression) and serotonin syndrome. However, this interaction has also been used clinically, with dextromethorphan in combination with quinidine indicated by some authorities for the treatment of pseudobulbar affect. Data evaluating the impact of this interaction in patients who are poor metabolizers of CYP450 2D6 are limited; most studies include extensive metabolizers of this isoenzyme. It is expected that poor metabolizers would have elevated dextromethorphan levels without concurrent quinidine
MANAGEMENT: The combination of dextromethorphan with potent CYP450 2D6 inhibitors should be generally avoided. Some manufacturers consider the concomitant use of dextromethorphan and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors contraindicated. If use is considered necessary, the patient should be monitored for signs of dextromethorphan adverse effects (e.g., agitation, confusion, tremor, insomnia, diarrhea, and respiratory depression) and serotonin syndrome, and advised to notify their health care professional if these adverse effects develop or worsen. Dose reduction of dextromethorphan may also be required.
- "Product Information. Nuedexta (dextromethorphan-quinidine)." Avanir Pharmaceuticals, Inc, Aliso Viejo, CA.
- Capon DA, Bochner F, Kerry N, Mikus G, Danz C, Somogyi AA "The influence of CYP2d6 polymorphism and quinidine on the disposition and antitussive effect of dextromethorphan in humans." Clin Pharmacol Ther 60 (1996): 295-307
- Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
Drug Interaction Classification
The classifications below are a guideline only. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific patient is difficult to determine using this tool alone given the large number of variables that may apply.
|Major||Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderate||Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minor||Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
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