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Drug interactions between Celexa and Nexium

Results for the following 2 drugs:
Celexa (citalopram)
Nexium (esomeprazole)

Interactions between your drugs

Major

citalopram ↔ esomeprazole

Applies to:Celexa (citalopram) and Nexium (esomeprazole)

ADJUST DOSE: Coadministration with CYP450 2C19 inhibitors may increase the plasma concentrations of citalopram, which is partially metabolized by the isoenzyme. In 12 healthy subjects who had received citalopram 40 mg once a day for 21 days, administration of cimetidine 400 mg twice a day for 8 days increased the steady-state citalopram peak serum concentration (Cmax) and systemic exposure (AUC) by 39% and 43%, respectively. In addition to inhibiting CYP450 2C19, cimetidine is also an inhibitor of CYP450 2D6 and 3A4, both of which participates in the metabolism of citalopram. The extent to which sole inhibitors of CYP450 2C19 may inhibit citalopram metabolism is unknown. Clinically, high plasma levels of citalopram may increase the risk of QT interval prolongation and torsade de pointes arrhythmia. In a randomized, double-blind, crossover, escalating multiple-dose study consisting of 119 healthy subjects, the maximum mean increase in corrected QT interval from placebo was 8.5 msec for citalopram 20 mg and 18.5 msec for citalopram 60 mg. Based on the established exposure-response relationship, prolongation of the corrected QT interval was estimated to be 12.6 ms for citalopram 40 mg. Cases of QT interval prolongation and torsade de pointes have been reported during postmarketing use. In general, the risk of ventricular arrhythmia in association with QT prolongation is largely unpredictable, but may be increased by certain underlying risk factors such as congenital long QT syndrome, cardiac disease, and electrolyte disturbances (e.g., hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia).

MANAGEMENT: Given the risk of dose-dependent QT prolongation, citalopram dosage should not exceed 20 mg/day when prescribed in combination with CYP450 2C19 inhibitors such as cimetidine, esomeprazole, etravirine, felbamate, fluconazole, lansoprazole, letrozole, modafinil, omeprazole, oxcarbazepine, ticlopidine, and voriconazole. Alternatives should be considered when possible, and hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia should be corrected prior to initiation of citalopram treatment and periodically monitored. Patients should be advised to seek medical attention if they experience symptoms that could indicate the occurrence of torsade de pointes such as dizziness, palpitations, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, or syncope.

References

  1. "Product Information. Celexa (citalopram)." Forest Pharmaceuticals, St. Louis, MO.
  2. FDA. U.S. Food and Drug Administration "FDA Drug Safety Communication: Abnormal heart rhythms associated with high doses of Celexa (citalopram hydrobromide). Available from: URL: http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/ucm269086.htm." ([2011 Aug 24]):
  3. Priskorn M, Larsen F, Segonzac A, Moulin M "Pharmacokinetic interaction study of citalopram and cimetidine in healhy subjects." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 52 (1997): 241-2

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Drug and food interactions

Moderate

citalopram food

Applies to: Celexa (citalopram)

GENERALLY AVOID: Alcohol may potentiate some of the pharmacologic effects of CNS-active agents. Use in combination may result in additive central nervous system depression and/or impairment of judgment, thinking, and psychomotor skills.

MANAGEMENT: Patients receiving CNS-active agents should be warned of this interaction and advised to avoid or limit consumption of alcohol. Ambulatory patients should be counseled to avoid hazardous activities requiring complete mental alertness and motor coordination until they know how these agents affect them, and to notify their physician if they experience excessive or prolonged CNS effects that interfere with their normal activities.

References

  1. Warrington SJ, Ankier SI, Turner P "Evaluation of possible interactions between ethanol and trazodone or amitriptyline." Neuropsychobiology 15 (1986): 31-7
  2. "Product Information. Fycompa (perampanel)." Eisai Inc, Teaneck, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Rexulti (brexpiprazole)." Otsuka American Pharmaceuticals Inc, Rockville, MD.
  4. Gilman AG, Rall TW, Nies AS, Taylor P, eds. "Goodman and Gilman's the Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 8th ed." New York, NY: Pergamon Press Inc. (1990):
View all 4 references

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Moderate

esomeprazole food

Applies to: Nexium (esomeprazole)

ADJUST DOSING INTERVAL: Food may interfere with the absorption of esomeprazole. The manufacturer reports that the area under the concentration-time curve for esomeprazole following a single 40 mg dose was 33% to 53% lower when administered after food intake as opposed to during fasting conditions.

MANAGEMENT: Esomeprazole should be taken at least one hour before meals. When administered to patients receiving continuous enteral nutrition, some experts recommend that the tube feeding should be interrupted for at least 1 hour before and 1 hour after the dose of esomeprazole is given.

References

  1. "Product Information. Nexium (esomeprazole)" Astra-Zeneca Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
  2. Wohlt PD, Zheng L, Gunderson S, Balzar SA, Johnson BD, Fish JT "Recommendations for the use of medications with continuous enteral nutrition." Am J Health Syst Pharm 66 (2009): 1438-67

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Therapeutic duplication warnings

No therapeutic duplications were found for your selected drugs.

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a guideline only. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific patient is difficult to determine using this tool alone given the large number of variables that may apply.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

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