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Vivarin Disease Interactions

There are 11 disease interactions with Vivarin (caffeine).

Major

CNS stimulants (applies to Vivarin) cardiac disease

Major Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Hypertension, Hyperthyroidism, Heart Disease, Pheochromocytoma, Peripheral Arterial Disease

The use of CNS stimulants is contraindicated in patients with significant cardiovascular impairment such as uncompensated heart failure, severe coronary disease, severe hypertension (including that associated with hyperthyroidism or pheochromocytoma), cardiac structural abnormalities, serious arrhythmias, etc. Sudden death has been reported in adults and children taking CNS stimulant treatment. Additionally, stroke, myocardial infarction, chest pain, syncope, arrhythmias and other symptoms have been reported in adults under treatment. A careful assessment of the cardiovascular status should be done in patients being considered for treatment. This includes family history, physical exam and further cardiac evaluation (EKG and echocardiogram). Patients who develop symptoms should have a detailed cardiac evaluation and if needed, treatment should be suspended.

References

  1. "Product Information. Fastin (phentermine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  2. "Product Information. Provigil (modafinil)." Cephalon, Inc (2001):
  3. "Product Information. Dopram (doxapram)." West Ward Pharmaceutical Corporation (2001):
  4. "Product Information. Desoxyn (methamphetamine)." Abbott Pharmaceutical (2001):
  5. "Product Information. Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  6. "Product Information. Didrex (benzphetamine)." Pharmacia and Upjohn (2001):
  7. "Product Information. Tenuate (diethylpropion)." Aventis Pharmaceuticals (2001):
  8. "Product Information. Focalin (dexmethylphenidate)." Mikart Inc (2001):
  9. "Product Information. Concerta (methylphenidate)." Alza (2002):
  10. "Product Information. Strattera (atomoxetine)." Lilly, Eli and Company (2002):
  11. "Product Information. Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine)." Shire US Inc (2007):
  12. "Product Information. Nuvigil (armodafinil)." Cephalon Inc (2007):
  13. "Product Information. Phendimetrazine Tartrate SR (phendimetrazine)." Sandoz Inc (2012):
View all 13 references
Major

CNS stimulants (applies to Vivarin) hypertension

Major Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility.

CNS stimulant medications have shown to increase blood pressure, and their use might be contraindicated in patients with severe hypertension. Caution should be used when administering to patients with preexisting high blood pressure and other cardiovascular conditions. All patients under treatment should be regularly monitored for changes in blood pressure and heart rate.

References

  1. "Product Information. Fastin (phentermine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  2. "Product Information. Provigil (modafinil)." Cephalon, Inc (2001):
  3. "Product Information. Dopram (doxapram)." West Ward Pharmaceutical Corporation (2001):
  4. "Product Information. Desoxyn (methamphetamine)." Abbott Pharmaceutical (2001):
  5. "Product Information. Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  6. "Product Information. Didrex (benzphetamine)." Pharmacia and Upjohn (2001):
  7. "Product Information. Tenuate (diethylpropion)." Aventis Pharmaceuticals (2001):
  8. "Product Information. Focalin (dexmethylphenidate)." Mikart Inc (2001):
  9. "Product Information. Concerta (methylphenidate)." Alza (2002):
  10. "Product Information. Strattera (atomoxetine)." Lilly, Eli and Company (2002):
  11. "Product Information. Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine)." Shire US Inc (2007):
  12. "Product Information. Nuvigil (armodafinil)." Cephalon Inc (2007):
  13. "Product Information. Phendimetrazine Tartrate SR (phendimetrazine)." Sandoz Inc (2012):
View all 13 references
Major

CNS stimulants (applies to Vivarin) liver disease

Major Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility.

In general, CNS stimulants are extensively metabolized by the liver. Their plasma clearance may be decreased and their half-life prolonged in patients with impaired hepatic function. Therapy with CNS stimulants should be administered cautiously in patients with moderate to severe liver disease, and the dosage should be adjusted accordingly. Additionally, postmarketing reports have shown that atomoxetine can cause severe liver injury. Laboratory testing should be done at the first sign or symptom of liver dysfunction (jaundice, dark urine, upper quadrant tenderness) and treatment should be discontinued in patients with evidence of liver injury.

References

  1. "Product Information. Fastin (phentermine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  2. "Product Information. Provigil (modafinil)." Cephalon, Inc (2001):
  3. "Product Information. Dopram (doxapram)." West Ward Pharmaceutical Corporation (2001):
  4. "Product Information. Desoxyn (methamphetamine)." Abbott Pharmaceutical (2001):
  5. "Product Information. Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  6. "Product Information. Didrex (benzphetamine)." Pharmacia and Upjohn (2001):
  7. "Product Information. Tenuate (diethylpropion)." Aventis Pharmaceuticals (2001):
  8. "Product Information. Focalin (dexmethylphenidate)." Mikart Inc (2001):
  9. "Product Information. Concerta (methylphenidate)." Alza (2002):
  10. "Product Information. Strattera (atomoxetine)." Lilly, Eli and Company (2002):
  11. "Product Information. Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine)." Shire US Inc (2007):
  12. "Product Information. Nuvigil (armodafinil)." Cephalon Inc (2007):
  13. "Product Information. Phendimetrazine Tartrate SR (phendimetrazine)." Sandoz Inc (2012):
View all 13 references
Major

CNS stimulants (applies to Vivarin) psychiatric disorders

Major Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Psychosis, Depression

The use of CNS stimulants can cause psychotic or maniac symptoms, suicidal ideation, aggression and can exacerbate symptoms of behavior disturbance and thought disorder. Psychiatric symptoms have been reported in patients with and without history of psychiatric disorders, and all patients should be monitored closely, specially during treatment initiation and at times of dose changes. Extreme caution should be exercised when CNS stimulants are given to patients with a history of psychosis, depression, mania, or bipolar disorder. All patients receiving treatment should be screened for bipolar disease prior to initiation. If any psychiatric symptoms emerge or are exacerbated, treatment suspension should be considered. CNS stimulants are contraindicated in patients with marked agitation or anxiety.

References

  1. "Product Information. Fastin (phentermine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  2. "Product Information. Provigil (modafinil)." Cephalon, Inc (2001):
  3. "Product Information. Dopram (doxapram)." West Ward Pharmaceutical Corporation (2001):
  4. "Product Information. Desoxyn (methamphetamine)." Abbott Pharmaceutical (2001):
  5. "Product Information. Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  6. "Product Information. Didrex (benzphetamine)." Pharmacia and Upjohn (2001):
  7. "Product Information. Tenuate (diethylpropion)." Aventis Pharmaceuticals (2001):
  8. "Product Information. Focalin (dexmethylphenidate)." Mikart Inc (2001):
  9. "Product Information. Concerta (methylphenidate)." Alza (2002):
  10. "Product Information. Strattera (atomoxetine)." Lilly, Eli and Company (2002):
  11. "Product Information. Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine)." Shire US Inc (2007):
  12. "Product Information. Nuvigil (armodafinil)." Cephalon Inc (2007):
  13. "Product Information. Phendimetrazine Tartrate SR (phendimetrazine)." Sandoz Inc (2012):
View all 13 references
Major

Methylxanthines (applies to Vivarin) PUD

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applicable conditions: Peptic Ulcer

Methylxanthines are known to stimulate peptic acid secretion. Therapy with products containing methylxanthines should be administered with extreme caution in patients with active peptic ulcer disease. Some manufacturers consider their use to be contraindicated under such circumstance.

References

  1. Stoller JL "Oesophageal ulceration and theophylline." Lancet 2 (1985): 328-9
  2. "Product Information. Theo-Dur (theophylline)." Schering Corporation (2001):
  3. Alterman P, Yaretzky A, Feldman J, Spiegel D "Histamine h2-receptor antagonists and chronic theophylline toxicity." Am Fam Physician 54 (1996): 1473
  4. "Product Information. Lufyllin (dyphylline)." Wallace Laboratories (2001):
View all 4 references
Moderate

Caffeine (applies to Vivarin) cardiotoxicity

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Tachyarrhythmia, Myocardial Infarction, Post MI Syndrome, Hypertension, Hyperthyroidism, Angina Pectoris

Like other methylxanthines, caffeine at high dosages may be associated with positive inotropic and chronotropic effects on the heart. Caffeine may also produce an increase in systemic vascular resistance, resulting in elevation of blood pressure. Therapy with products containing caffeine should be administered cautiously in patients with severe cardiac disease, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, or acute myocardial injury. Some clinicians recommend avoiding caffeine in patients with symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias and/or palpitations and during the first several days to weeks after an acute myocardial infarction.

References

  1. "Multum Information Services, Inc. Expert Review Panel"
Moderate

CNS stimulants (applies to Vivarin) bipolar disorders

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility.

Central nervous system (CNS) stimulants may induce a mixed/manic episode in patients with bipolar disorder. Prior to initiating treatment, screen patients for risk factors for developing a manic episode (e.g., comorbid or history of depressive symptoms or a family history of suicide, bipolar disorder, and depression). Close monitoring is recommended when using these agents in patients with bipolar disorders.

References

  1. "Product Information. Fastin (phentermine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  2. "Product Information. Cylert (pemoline)." Abbott Pharmaceutical (2001):
  3. "Product Information. Ritalin (methylphenidate)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals (2001):
  4. "Product Information. Desoxyn (methamphetamine)." Abbott Pharmaceutical (2001):
  5. "Product Information. Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  6. "Product Information. Adderall (amphetamine-dextroamphetamine)." Shire Richwood Pharmaceutical Company Inc (2001):
  7. "Product Information. Didrex (benzphetamine)." Pharmacia and Upjohn (2001):
  8. "Product Information. Prelu-2 (phendimetrazine)." Boehringer-Ingelheim (2001):
  9. "Product Information. Tenuate (diethylpropion)." Aventis Pharmaceuticals (2001):
  10. "Product Information. Sanorex (mazindol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals (2001):
  11. "Product Information. Focalin (dexmethylphenidate)." Mikart Inc (2001):
  12. "Product Information. Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine)." Shire US Inc (2007):
View all 12 references
Moderate

CNS stimulants (applies to Vivarin) psychotic disorders

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Psychosis

Central nervous system (CNS) stimulants may exacerbate symptoms of behavior disturbance and thought disorder in patients with a preexisting psychotic disorder. Close monitoring is recommended when using these agents in patients with psychotic disorders.

References

  1. "Product Information. Fastin (phentermine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  2. "Product Information. Cylert (pemoline)." Abbott Pharmaceutical (2001):
  3. "Product Information. Ritalin (methylphenidate)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals (2001):
  4. "Product Information. Desoxyn (methamphetamine)." Abbott Pharmaceutical (2001):
  5. "Product Information. Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  6. "Product Information. Adderall (amphetamine-dextroamphetamine)." Shire Richwood Pharmaceutical Company Inc (2001):
  7. "Product Information. Didrex (benzphetamine)." Pharmacia and Upjohn (2001):
  8. "Product Information. Prelu-2 (phendimetrazine)." Boehringer-Ingelheim (2001):
  9. "Product Information. Tenuate (diethylpropion)." Aventis Pharmaceuticals (2001):
  10. "Product Information. Sanorex (mazindol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals (2001):
  11. "Product Information. Focalin (dexmethylphenidate)." Mikart Inc (2001):
  12. "Product Information. Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine)." Shire US Inc (2007):
  13. "Product Information. Fintepla (fenfluramine)." Zogenix, Inc (2020):
View all 13 references
Moderate

CNS stimulants (applies to Vivarin) renal dysfunction

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility.

Overall CNS stimulants should be administered with caution in patients with significantly impaired renal function as the reduction in the rate of elimination may alter the therapeutic response. The dosage should be adjusted accordingly.

References

  1. "Product Information. Fastin (phentermine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  2. "Product Information. Provigil (modafinil)." Cephalon, Inc (2001):
  3. "Product Information. Dopram (doxapram)." West Ward Pharmaceutical Corporation (2001):
  4. "Product Information. Didrex (benzphetamine)." Pharmacia and Upjohn (2001):
  5. "Product Information. Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine)." Shire US Inc (2007):
View all 5 references
Moderate

CNS stimulants (applies to Vivarin) seizure disorders

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Seizures

Due to general central nervous system stimulation, therapy with CNS stimulant drugs may cause seizures. These drugs may lower the convulsive threshold in patients with prior history of seizures or EEG abnormalities, and very rarely in patients with no previous history of seizures. Therapy with CNS stimulants should be used with caution in patients with or predisposed to seizures. If seizures appear, therapy should be discontinued.

References

  1. "Product Information. Fastin (phentermine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  2. "Product Information. Provigil (modafinil)." Cephalon, Inc (2001):
  3. "Product Information. Cylert (pemoline)." Abbott Pharmaceutical (2001):
  4. "Product Information. Desoxyn (methamphetamine)." Abbott Pharmaceutical (2001):
  5. "Product Information. Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)." SmithKline Beecham (2001):
  6. "Product Information. Didrex (benzphetamine)." Pharmacia and Upjohn (2001):
  7. "Product Information. Tenuate (diethylpropion)." Aventis Pharmaceuticals (2001):
  8. "Product Information. Focalin (dexmethylphenidate)." Mikart Inc (2001):
  9. "Product Information. Concerta (methylphenidate)." Alza (2002):
  10. "Product Information. Strattera (atomoxetine)." Lilly, Eli and Company (2002):
  11. "Product Information. Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine)." Shire US Inc (2007):
  12. "Product Information. Nuvigil (armodafinil)." Cephalon Inc (2007):
  13. "Product Information. Phendimetrazine Tartrate SR (phendimetrazine)." Sandoz Inc (2012):
View all 13 references
Moderate

Methylxanthines (applies to Vivarin) GERD

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applicable conditions: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Methylxanthines increase gastric acidity and may also relax lower esophageal sphincter, which can lead to gastric reflux into the esophagus. Therapy with products containing methylxanthines should be administered cautiously in patients with significant gastroesophageal reflux.

References

  1. Stoller JL "Oesophageal ulceration and theophylline." Lancet 2 (1985): 328-9
  2. American Medical Association, Division of Drugs and Toxicology "Drug evaluations annual 1994." Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; (1994):
  3. Alterman P, Yaretzky A, Feldman J, Spiegel D "Histamine h2-receptor antagonists and chronic theophylline toxicity." Am Fam Physician 54 (1996): 1473
  4. "Product Information. Lufyllin (dyphylline)." Wallace Laboratories (2001):
View all 4 references

Vivarin drug interactions

There are 57 drug interactions with Vivarin (caffeine).

Vivarin alcohol/food interactions

There are 5 alcohol/food interactions with Vivarin (caffeine).


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Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.