bedaquiline (Oral route)
Only use bedaquiline when an effective treatment regimen cannot otherwise be provided due to an increased risk of unexplained death in bedaquiline-treated patients compared with placebo in a controlled trial. Prolongation of the QT interval may occur with bedaquiline, especially with concomitant use of other QT prolonging drugs. Monitor ECG prior to and during treatment, and discontinue if significant ventricular arrhythmia or if a QTc interval of greater than 500 milliseconds develops .
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Anti-Infective Agent
Uses For bedaquiline
Bedaquiline is used to treat multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in the lungs. It is used in patients who have already been treated with other medicines that did not work well. Bedaquiline prevents the growth of tuberculosis in the body.
bedaquiline is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before Using bedaquiline
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For bedaquiline, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to bedaquiline or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of bedaquiline in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Although appropriate studies on the relationship of age to the effects of bedaquiline have not been performed in the geriatric population, no geriatric-specific problems have been documented to date.
|All Trimesters||B||Animal studies have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus, however, there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking bedaquiline, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using bedaquiline with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.
Using bedaquiline with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Arsenic Trioxide
- Sodium Phosphate
- Sodium Phosphate, Dibasic
- Sodium Phosphate, Monobasic
- St John's Wort
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of bedaquiline. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Heart failure, history of or
- Heart rhythm problems (eg, slow heart rate, long QT syndrome), history of or
- Hypocalcemia (low calcium in the blood) or
- Hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood) or
- Hypomagnesemia (low magnesium in the blood) or
- Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid), history of—Use with caution. May cause side effects to become worse.
- Heart rhythm problems (eg, QT prolongation) or
- Liver disease—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
Proper Use of bedaquiline
Take bedaquiline exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may increase the chance of side effects.
Bedaquiline is given by directly observed therapy (DOT). It must always be taken with at least 3 other medicines for TB. Carefully follow your doctor's instructions.
bedaquiline should come with a Medication Guide. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
Swallow the tablet whole with water. Do not crush, break, or chew it. Take bedaquiline with food.
bedaquiline is taken for a total of 24 weeks. On the first 2 weeks, you will take the medicine every day. On the 3rd to 24th week, you have to take it at the same time on the same 3 days (eg, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday) at least 48 hours apart each week.
Keep using bedaquiline for the full treatment time, even if you feel better after the first few doses. Your infection may not clear up if you stop using the medicine too soon.
The dose of bedaquiline will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of bedaquiline. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For oral dosage form (tablets):
- For treatment of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis:
- Week 1-2: 400 milligrams (mg) (4 tablets of 100 mg) once a day with food.
- Week 3-24: 200 mg (2 tablets of 100 mg) three times per week (with at least 48 hours between doses), for a total of 600 mg per week.
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For treatment of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis:
If you miss a dose of bedaquiline, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
If you missed a dose during the first 2 weeks, skip the missed dose and continue to use your medicine as usual. If you missed a dose during weeks 3 to 24, take the missed dose as soon as possible and then go back to your normal dosing schedule.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Store the medicine in its original container.
Precautions While Using bedaquiline
If you will be taking bedaquiline for a long time, it is very important that your doctor check you at regular visits for any problems or unwanted effects that may be caused by bedaquiline. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.
If your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse, call your doctor.
Contact your doctor right away if you have any changes to your heart rhythm. You might feel dizzy or faint, or you might have a fast, pounding, or uneven heartbeat. Make sure your doctor knows if you or anyone in your family has ever had a heart rhythm problem such as QT prolongation.
Check with your doctor right away if you have pain or tenderness in the upper stomach, pale stools, dark urine, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, or yellow eyes or skin. These could be symptoms of a serious liver problem.
Avoid drinking alcohol while you are using bedaquiline.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
bedaquiline Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:More common
- Abdominal or stomach pain or tenderness
- chest pain
- coughing or spitting up blood
- dark-colored urine
- decreased appetite
- general feeling of tiredness or weakness
- light-colored stools
- loss of appetite
- nausea and vomiting
- skin rash
- swelling of the feet or lower legs
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- yellow eyes or skin
- irregular heartbeat recurrent
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- Difficulty with moving
- muscle pain or stiffness
- pain in the joints
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
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