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Medications for Anal Cancer

Other names: Cancer, Anal

About Anal Cancer: 

Anal cancer occurs when cells in the anal area start to grow and multiply in an uncontrolled manner.  This results in an accumulation of abnormal cells forming a mass or tumor.  The anal area is the opening at the end of the intestinal tract where the feces passes out of the body as a bowel motion. This occurs when the circular sphincter muscle that surrounds the anal canal relaxes.

Symptoms of anal cancer can be:

  • rectal bleeding or itching
  • anal pain
  • sensation of fullness in the area
  • a mass or a lump in the area.

The anal area is made up of different types of cells which is related to the cells location and role.  When an anal cancer is diagnosed it is often grouped or described by the type of cell the tumor has developed from and the location it was found. The type of cell and location of the tumor are important in deciding on treatment options.

Drugs Used to Treat Anal Cancer

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
mitomycin N N Add review Rate

Generic name: mitomycin systemic

Drug class: antibiotics/antineoplastics

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

capecitabine D N Add review Rate

Generic name: capecitabine systemic

Drug class: antimetabolites

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

cisplatin D N Add review Rate

Generic name: cisplatin systemic

Drug class: alkylating agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

fluorouracil D N Add review Rate

Generic name: fluorouracil systemic

Drug class: antimetabolites

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Learn more about Anal Cancer

IBM Watson Micromedex

Symptoms and treatments

Mayo Clinic Reference

Legend

Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Pregnancy Category
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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