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Vision Problems in Children

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jul 7, 2024.

What do I need to know about vision problems in children?

Your child may be born with vision problems or develop them over time. Most vision problems are diagnosed during routine eye exams. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to prevent permanent damage.

What are the signs and symptoms of vision problems?

What causes vision problems in children?

What eye problems may my child be born with?

What vision problems may my child develop?

What other eye problems may affect my child's vision?

How are eye problems diagnosed and treated?

All children aged 3 to 5 years should have at least 1 vision screening. Your child's healthcare provider will check the shape of your child's eyes and how they react to light. He or she may ask your child to read letters off of a chart or point to pictures. Tell his or her healthcare provider if you have noticed any problems with your child's eyes. If your child is born with vision problems or develops vision problems, he or she may need to see an ophthalmologist. An ophthalmologist is a doctor who diagnoses and treats eye and vision problems. Your child may need any of the following to treat an eye problem:

What can I do to help improve my child's vision health?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my child's ophthalmologist or doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's healthcare providers to decide what care you want for your child. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.