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Varicose Veins, Ambulatory Care

Varicose veins

are veins that become large, twisted, and swollen. They are common on the back of your calves, knees, and thighs.

Common symptoms include the following:

  • Blue, purple, or bulging veins in your legs
  • Pain, swelling, or muscle cramps in your legs
  • Feeling of heaviness in your legs

Seek immediate care for the following symptoms:

  • A wound that does not heal or is infected
  • An injury that has broken your skin and caused your varicose veins to bleed
  • Swollen and hard leg
  • Pain in your leg that does not go away or gets worse
  • Legs or feet turn blue or black
  • Warmth, tenderness, and pain in your leg (may also look swollen and red)

Treatment of varicose veins

aims to decrease symptoms, improve appearance, and prevent further problems. Treatment will depend on which veins are affected and how severe your condition is. Prescription pain medicine may be given. Ask how to take this medicine safely. Procedures may be done to remove your varicose veins. Your healthcare provider may inject a solution or use a laser to close the varicose veins. Surgery to remove long veins may also be done. Ask your healthcare provider for more information about procedures used in treating varicose veins.

Manage varicose veins:

  • Wear pressure stockings. The stockings are tight and put pressure on your legs. They improve blood flow and help prevent clots.

  • Elevate your legs above the level of your heart for 15 to 30 minutes several times a day. This will help blood to flow back to your heart.
  • Avoid sitting or standing for long periods of time. This can cause the blood to collect in your legs and make your symptoms worse. Walk around for a few minutes every hour to get blood moving in your legs.
  • Avoid wearing tight clothing and shoes. Avoid wearing high-heeled shoes. Do not wear clothes that are tight around the waist.
  • Get plenty of exercise. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best exercise plan for you. Exercise can decrease your blood pressure and improve your health. Bend or rotate your ankles several times every hour. This will help blood to flow back to the heart.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. Your heart works harder when you are overweight and this can make varicose vein worse. Ask how much you should weigh. Ask him to help you create a weight loss plan if you are overweight.
  • Do not smoke. If you smoke, it is never too late to quit. Ask for information if you need help quitting.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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