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Valley Fever

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Apr 2, 2024.

What is valley fever?

Valley fever, or coccidioidomycosis, is an infection caused by a fungus. You can get the infection if you breathe in the fungus germs. The germs are found in soil and dust in parts of the United States, Mexico, Central and South America. In the United States, most cases of valley fever occur in California, Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.

What are the signs and symptoms of valley fever?

You may develop the following flu-like symptoms 1 to 4 weeks after you breathe in the fungus:

How is valley fever diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and examine you. Tell him or her if you have traveled recently or if you work outside. You may need any of the following tests:

How is valley fever treated?

Your symptoms usually go away on their own. It may take up to 2 months for your symptoms go away. You may need any of the following:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

How can I manage my symptoms?

How can I prevent valley fever?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Valley Fever

Treatment options

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.