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An umbilical hernia
is a bulge through the abdominal wall near your umbilicus (belly button). The hernia may contain tissue from the abdomen, part of an organ (such as the intestine), or fluid.
Signs and symptoms:
Umbilical hernias usually do not cause any pain. Your hernia may disappear when you lay flat. You may have any of the following:
- A bulge or swelling in or near your belly button
- A bulge that gets bigger when you cough, strain to have a bowel movement, or sit up
- Nausea or vomiting
Seek care immediately if:
- Your hernia gets bigger, feels firm, or turns blue or purple.
- You have severe abdominal pain with nausea or vomiting.
- You stop having bowel movements and passing gas.
- You have blood in your bowel movement.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- You have a fever.
- You have nausea or are vomiting.
- You are constipated.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
- Drink more liquids. Liquids may prevent constipation and straining during a bowel movement. This can prevent your hernia from getting bigger. Ask how much liquid you should drink each day and which liquids are best for you.
- Eat high-fiber foods. Fiber may prevent constipation and straining during a bowel movement. This can prevent your hernia from getting bigger. Foods that contain fiber include fruits, vegetables, legumes, and whole grains.
- Avoid heavy lifting. Heavy lifting can put pressure on your hernia and make it bigger. Ask your healthcare provider how much is safe to lift.
- Do not place anything over your umbilical hernia. Do not place tape or a coin over the hernia. This treatment does not help treat a hernia.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
You may need to see a surgeon to plan for hernia repair. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
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