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Type 2 Diabetes in the Older Adult

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What do I need to know about type 2 diabetes?

The risk for type 2 diabetes increases as you get older. Type 2 diabetes means your pancreas does not make enough insulin, or your body does not use insulin well. Insulin helps move sugar out of the blood so it can be used for energy. Diabetes cannot be cured, but it can be managed.


What is diabetes education?

Diabetes education will start right away, if the diagnosis is new. You may need diabetes education at a later time to refresh your memory. Your diabetes care team may include physicians, nurse practitioners, community health providers, and physician assistants. It may also include nurses, dietitians, exercise specialists, pharmacists, dentists, and podiatrists. Family members, or others who are close to you, may also be part of the team. You and your team will make goals and plans to manage diabetes and other health problems. The plans and goals will be specific to your needs. Members of your diabetes care team will teach you the following:

What can I do to manage my blood sugar levels?

Sometimes type 2 diabetes can be managed with changes in nutrition and physical activity.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

What else can I do to manage diabetes?

Have someone call your local emergency number (911 in the US) for any of the following:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor or diabetes care team provider?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.