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Tubal Ligation


A tubal ligation is surgery to close your fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy.


Call 911 for any of the following:

  • You cough up blood.
  • You feel lightheaded, short of breath, and have chest pain.

Seek care immediately if:

  • Your arm or leg feels warm, tender, and painful. It may look swollen and red.
  • You have severe abdominal pain.

Contact your surgeon or gynecologist if:

  • You have a fever.
  • You have heavy bleeding from your incisions.
  • Your stitches or staples come apart.
  • You have trouble urinating, burning when you urinate, or bloody urine.
  • Your incision is swollen, red, or has pus coming from it.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.


You may need any of the following:

  • Prescription pain medicine may be given. Ask how to take this medicine safely.
  • Acetaminophen decreases pain. It is available without a doctor's order. Ask how much to take and how often to take it. Follow directions. Acetaminophen can cause liver damage if not taken correctly.
  • NSAIDs , such as ibuprofen, help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask your healthcare provider if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow directions.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.


  • Avoid strenuous activities such as lifting heavy objects and intense exercise for 7 days after your surgery. Ask when it is safe for you to drive, return to work, and return to other regular activities.
  • Do not strain during bowel movements. High-fiber foods and extra liquids can help you prevent constipation. Examples of high-fiber foods are fruit and bran. Prune juice and water are good liquids to drink.
  • Do not have sex for at least 1 week. If your tubal ligation surgery was done after you had a baby, you will need to wait longer. Ask your healthcare provider when you can have sex.
  • Do not go into a bath or hot tub for 10 days or as directed. Take a shower instead of taking a bath.

Wound care:

Care for your wound as directed. Carefully wash the wound with soap and water. Dry the area and put on new, clean bandages as directed. Change your bandages when they get wet or dirty.

Follow up with your healthcare provider within 7 to 10 days or as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.