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Testicular Cancer

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jul 7, 2024.

What is testicular cancer?

Most testicular cancer starts in the sperm-making cells of the testicles. Testicular cancer occurs most commonly in males aged 15 to 39 years.

Male Reproductive System

What increases my risk for testicular cancer?

What are the signs and symptoms of testicular cancer?

How is testicular cancer diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider may shine a small flashlight on your scrotum. This may show a lump in or on your testicle. You may need one or more of the following tests:

Will testicular cancer affect my ability to have sex?

A male with 1 normal healthy testicle can still have sex and make sperm. Before treatment, ask your healthcare provider how your ability to have sex may change. Treatment can affect these abilities. You may have your sperm removed and frozen so that you can father a child at a later time.

How is testicular cancer treated?

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

What can I do to manage my testicular cancer?

How should I do a testicular self-exam?

A testicular self-exam (TSE) can help you learn how your testicles normally look and feel. Ask your healthcare provider or oncologist for more information about a TSE and how often to do one.

Testicular Self-exam

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Testicular Cancer

Treatment options

Symptoms and treatments

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.