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Pulmonary Fibrosis

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 5, 2024.

What is pulmonary fibrosis?

Pulmonary fibrosis is the scarring of your lung tissues over time. It is also called interstitial lung disease. The air sacs and tissues in your lungs swell, scars form, and the tissues become thick and stiff. This affects how much oxygen you get and makes it hard to breathe.

The Lungs

What increases my risk for pulmonary fibrosis?

The cause of pulmonary fibrosis may not be known. The following may increase your risk:

What are the signs and symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis?

How is pulmonary fibrosis diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you and ask about your symptoms. You may also need any of the following:

How is pulmonary fibrosis treated?

There is no cure for pulmonary fibrosis. The goal of treatment is to slow the progress of the disease and treat your symptoms. You may need any of the following:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

How can I manage pulmonary fibrosis?

Where can I find more information?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Pulmonary Fibrosis

Treatment options

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.