Skip to main content

Prevent Endocarditis in your Child

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 5, 2024.



is an infection of the inner lining of your child's heart. Endocarditis is most often caused by a bacterial infection. It may also be caused by viral, fungal, or parasitic infections.

Heart Chambers

Your child may be at risk for endocarditis if he or she has any of the following:

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

Seek care immediately if:

Call your child's doctor if:

Keep your child's teeth and gums healthy:

Bacteria can enter your child's blood through cavities or sores on their gums. The bacteria may travel to their heart and cause endocarditis. Do the following to help prevent cavities and gum sores:

Ask your child's doctor if he or she should take antibiotics before procedures:

Some procedures may cause bacteria to get into your child's blood and travel to the heart. Examples include certain dental procedures, and surgery to remove the tonsils.

Carry a wallet card that says your child is at risk for endocarditis:

This card will alert healthcare providers that your child is at risk for endocarditis. It will also help them decide if he or she needs antibiotics before a procedure or in an emergency. You can get this card through the American Heart Association.

Follow up with your child's doctor as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.

© Copyright Merative 2024 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Prevent Endocarditis in your Child

Treatment options

Care guides

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.