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Medically reviewed by Last updated on Aug 31, 2022.

What is a pinguecula?

A pinguecula is a yellow bump on the white part of your eye (sclera). It may also cause dryness, redness, swelling, or pain in your eye.

Eye Anatomy

What increases my risk for a pinguecula?

There is no known cause of a pinguecula. The following may increase your risk:

  • Frequent exposure to sun, wind, or dust
  • Dry eye disease
  • Age older than 40

How is a pinguecula diagnosed and treated?

Your healthcare provider will examine your eyes. Tell him about your symptoms. You may not need treatment. You may be given eyedrops to decrease dryness, redness, swelling, or pain. Rarely, surgery may be needed to remove the pinguecula.

What can I do to manage my symptoms?

  • Wear sunglasses and a hat when you are outside. This will protect your eyes from sunlight, wind, and dust. It may also prevent your condition from getting worse.
  • Wear protective eye gear. Do this anytime you work with chemicals such as pest sprays or you clean dusty areas.
  • Use artificial tears, gels, and lubricating ointments as directed. They are available without a doctor's order. These products can replace tears and help add moisture to your eyes. This may decrease dryness, redness, and pain. Ask your healthcare provider how often to use these products.
    Steps 1 2 3 4
  • Do not smoke. Nicotine and other chemicals in cigarettes and cigars can make your symptoms worse. Ask your healthcare provider for information if you currently smoke and need help to quit. E-cigarettes or smokeless tobacco still contain nicotine. Talk to your healthcare provider before you use these products.

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

  • Your pinguecula changes in size, shape, or color.
  • You have thick, yellow drainage from one or both eyes.
  • Your eyelids or the skin around your eyes is red and swollen.
  • Your symptoms do not improve with treatment.
  • You have changes in your vision.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.