Skip to main content


Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What is pancytopenia?

Pancytopenia is low levels of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Red blood cells carry oxygen to all the organs and tissues of your body. White blood cells help your body fight infection by attacking and killing germs. Platelets stop the bleeding when you are cut or injured. Pancytopenia increases your risk for infection and bleeding. Without treatment these problems can become life-threatening.

What causes pancytopenia?

There are many causes of pancytopenia. Any of the following may cause pancytopenia:

What are the signs and symptoms of pancytopenia?

How is pancytopenia diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you. Tell the provider about any symptoms you have. You may need any of the following:

How is pancytopenia treated?

The treatment of pancytopenia depends on the cause. You may need any of the following:

How should I balance rest with activity?

Rest when needed. Rest will help you save energy for other activities. Do activities when your energy levels are the highest. Know your limits and do not plan too many activities for one day.

How do I prevent or control bleeding?

What can I do to prevent infections?

Call 911 of have someone else call for any of the following:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

© Copyright Merative 2023 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes.

Learn more about Pancytopenia

Treatment options

Care guides

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.