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Orbital Cellulitis

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:

Orbital cellulitis is an infection inside your eye socket (the bony area that surrounds your eye). It is caused by bacteria or a fungus.

Orbital Cellulitis

WHILE YOU ARE HERE:

Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

An IV

is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.

Medicines:

  • Antibiotics: This medicine helps treat the infection. It is usually given through your IV. You may need antibiotics for up to 10 days.
  • Pain medicine: You may be given a prescription medicine to decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take this medicine.
  • Steroids: This medicine helps decrease eye inflammation.

Tests:

  • Neuro exam: This can show healthcare providers how well your brain works. Healthcare providers will check how your pupils react to light. They may test your memory, hand grasp, and balance.
  • Vision test: This test checks your vision, eye movement, and eye pressure.
  • CT scan: This test is also called a CAT scan. An x-ray machine uses a computer to take pictures of your eye. The pictures may show swelling, abscess, or rupture (tear). You may be given a dye before the pictures are taken to help healthcare providers see the pictures better. Tell the healthcare provider if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast dye.
  • MRI: This scan uses powerful magnets and a computer to take pictures of your eye. An MRI may show tissue infection and blood clots. You may be given dye to help the pictures show up better. Tell the healthcare provider if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast dye. Do not enter the MRI room with anything metal. Metal can cause serious injury. Tell the healthcare provider if you have any metal in or on your body.
  • Lumbar puncture: This procedure is also called a spinal tap. A needle is inserted in your back and fluid is removed from around your spinal cord. The fluid is sent for tests. The tests check for infection, bleeding around your brain and spinal cord, or other problems.

Treatment:

You may need surgery to drain your sinuses if your infection does not improve.

RISKS:

Orbital cellulitis is a serious infection that can worsen even with prompt treatment. The infection may spread deeper in the eye socket or spread to the other eye. This can lead to blindness. If the infection spreads to the brain, life-threatening blood clots or an infection can develop.

CARE AGREEMENT:

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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