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Obesity in Adolescents
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
What is obesity?
Obesity is when your body mass index (BMI), for your age, is 95% or higher. Your age, height, and weight are used to measure the BMI. You are at greater risk for obesity if one or both parents are obese. You can make changes now that will help you be healthy, active, and do the activities you enjoy more easily. The changes can also help you create healthy habits you can use for the rest of your life. Some changes might seem difficult at first. The more you stick with your plan, the easier it will become.
How can I be successful at losing weight?
- Set small, realistic goals. An example of a small goal is to eat fruits and vegetables at every meal.
- Tell friends and family members about your goals and ask for their support. Ask a friend to lose weight with you, or join a weight-loss support group.
- Keep a diary to track what you eat and drink. Also write down how many minutes of physical activity you do each day. Weigh yourself once a week and record it in your diary.
How is obesity managed?
Even a small decrease in BMI can reduce the risk for many health problems. Your healthcare provider will work with you to set a weight-loss goal.
- Meet with other healthcare providers to help you start to make lifestyle changes. Other providers may include a dietitian, physical therapist, and psychologist.
- Lifestyle changes include making healthy food choices and getting regular physical activity.
- Other treatments may be suggested by your healthcare provider if you have medical problems caused by obesity. These treatments are used in addition to lifestyle changes to treat severe obesity. Medicine may be given to decrease the amount of fat your body absorbs from the food you eat.
What eating changes can I make?
- Stick to a schedule of 3 meals a day and 1 or 2 healthy snacks. Meals and snacks should be 2 to 4 hours apart. Only drink water between meals.
- Eat dinner with your family as often as possible. Ask if you can help prepare meals. Limit fast food and restaurant meals because they are often high in calories. Try eating out once a week to begin. Then try every other week. Look at the calories of the meals you pick when you eat out. Choose meals that have the amount of calories that fit into your healthy eating plan. Your healthcare providers can teach you how to count the calories in restaurant meals if they are not listed on the menu. You may also be able to ask for the food to be cooked in healthy ways. Examples include baked instead of fried, or cooked without oil.
- Decrease portion sizes. Use small plates, no larger than 9 inches in diameter. Fill your plate half full of fruits and vegetables. You do not have to finish everything on your plate.
- Limit soda, sports drinks, and fruit juice. These sugary beverages are high in calories. Drink water or drinks that have little or no sugar.
- Pack healthy lunches. An example is a turkey sandwich on whole-wheat bread with an apple, baby carrots, and low-fat milk.
What activity changes can I make?
- Be active for 60 minutes most days of the week. Find sports or activities that are fun for you, such as cycling, swimming, or running. Go for a walk, go bowling, or skateboard.
- Try to limit screen time. Do not watch TV in your bedroom. Do not eat in front of a TV or computer. Turn off electronic devices at a set time each evening.
- Have a regular sleep schedule. Sleep schedules that are not consistent can affect your weight. Adolescents ages 13 to 17 need at least 7 hours of sleep every night.
When should I seek immediate care?
- You have a severe headache or vision problems.
- You have trouble breathing during physical activity.
When should I or my parent contact my doctor?
- You feel depressed.
- You have signs of diabetes, such as being very hungry, very thirsty, and urinating often.
- You have severe pain in your upper abdomen.
- Your hips or knees hurt when you walk.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Care AgreementYou have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
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