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Mmr Vaccine In Children
The MMR vaccine
is an injection given to help prevent measles, mumps, and rubella. Measles causes a skin rash to appear on your child's head and upper neck. The rash may slowly spread to your child's hands and feet. Mumps can infect many parts of your child's body and usually causes inflammation of his or her parotid glands. These glands make saliva and are found in your child's cheeks. Rubella causes a skin rash that usually starts on your child's face. The rash may spread to your child's chest, abdomen, back, arms, and legs.
Who should get the MMR vaccine:
- Children 12 months to 6 years usually receive 2 MMR shots. The first dose should be given at 12 to 15 months. The second dose is usually given at 4 to 6 years. The second dose may be given before age 4 if it has been at least 4 weeks since the first dose.
- Infants 6 to 11 months who will be traveling internationally may need 1 MMR shot. They should then receive 2 more MMR shots. The second dose should be given at 12 to 15 months. The third dose should be given at least 4 weeks later.
- Children 12 months and older who will be traveling internationally may need 2 MMR shots. The first dose should be given at 12 months or older. The second dose should be given at least 4 weeks later.
- Children 7 to 18 years who have not had the vaccine should receive 2 doses. Those who have had only 1 dose should receive a second dose at least 4 weeks after the first dose.
Who should not get the MMR vaccine:
Your child should not get the MMR vaccine if he or she has had an allergic reaction to gelatin, antibiotic medicine, or a previous MMR vaccine.
Who should wait to get the MMR vaccine:
- Any child who is sick or has a fever should wait until he or she feels better to get the vaccine.
- Ask your child's healthcare provider if he should get the MMR vaccine if:
- Your child is being treated with medicines that weaken the immune system, such as steroids.
- Your child has a disease that weakens the immune system, such as cancer, HIV, or AIDS.
- Your child has received a blood transfusion in the past 3 to 11 months.
- Your child has untreated, active tuberculosis (TB).
Call 911 for any of the following:
- Your child's mouth and throat are swollen.
- Your child is wheezing or has trouble breathing.
- Your child has chest pain or his or her heart is beating faster than usual.
- Your child feels like he or she is going to faint.
Seek care immediately if:
- Your child's face is red or swollen.
- Your child has hives that spread over his or her body.
- Your child feels weak or dizzy.
Contact your child's healthcare provider if:
- Your child has a fever or chills.
- Your child has swollen lymph glands in his or her cheeks or neck.
- Your child's joints are painful and swollen.
- Your child has increased pain, redness, or swelling around the area where the shot was given.
- You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or the MMR vaccine.
Apply a warm compress
to your child's injection area as directed to decrease pain and swelling.
Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.