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Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation


A laparoscopic tubal ligation is surgery to close your fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy.



  • Acetaminophen decreases pain and fever. It is available without a doctor's order. Ask your primary healthcare provider (PHP) how much to take and how often to take it. Follow directions. Acetaminophen can cause liver damage if not taken correctly.
  • NSAIDs help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. This medicine is available without a doctor's order. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask your PHP if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow directions.
  • Prescription pain medicine may be given. Ask your PHP how to take this medicine safely.
  • Antibiotics help treat or prevent a bacterial infection.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your PHP if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your surgeon or gynecologist as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.


You may feel like resting more after surgery. Slowly start to do more each day. Rest when you feel it is needed. Ask when you can return to your daily activities.

Contact your surgeon or gynecologist if:

  • You have a fever.
  • Your incisions come apart.
  • You have heavy bleeding from your vagina or your incisions.
  • You have trouble urinating, burning when you urinate, or bloody urine.
  • Your incision is red, swollen, or has pus or foul-smelling drainage coming from it.
  • You have pain that gets worse instead of better, or that is not controlled with your medicine.
  • Your skin is itchy, swollen, or has a rash.
  • You are vomiting and are not able to keep food or fluids down for over 24 hours.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You have sudden shortness of breath or chest pain.
  • You have heavy vaginal bleeding that fills 1 or more sanitary pads each hour for 4 hours in a row.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.