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Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 1, 2023.



  • Hypospadias is a birth defect that affects the development of your baby's urethra and penis. The opening of the urethra may be at any place along the shaft of the penis. The opening may be in his scrotum or perineum. The perineum is the area between your baby's scrotum and his anal opening.
  • Your baby should have normal urinary function. A downward curve of the penis is common with hypospadias. Your baby's testicles may not have dropped into the scrotal sac. Your baby cannot be circumcised until the hypospadias is repaired.

Contact your baby's healthcare provider for the following symptoms:

  • Your baby has signs of infection such as increased redness, crusting, pus, or large blisters.
  • Your baby has a rash that gets worse or does not get better in 2 or 3 days.
  • Your baby has not urinated or has a dry diaper for at least 12 hours.
  • You do not see or feel your baby's testicles when you change his diaper.
  • You have questions or concerns about your baby's condition or care.

Treatment for hypospadias

includes surgery. Surgery can be done as early as 3 months of age. The goal of surgery is to make the penis look and function normally. Some babies that have hypospadias also have a small penis. This may make it difficult to do surgery. Your baby may be given hormones to increase the size of his penis before surgery.

Follow up with your doctor as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Hypospadias

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.