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Gynecomastia

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:

Gynecomastia is enlarged breast tissue or glands in men or boys. The enlargement is from an imbalance between testosterone (male hormone) and estrogen (female hormone). One or both breasts may be affected. Gynecomastia may be a sign of a serious disease that needs to be treated.

DISCHARGE INSTRUCTIONS:

Medicines:

  • Pain medicine may be prescribed or suggested by your healthcare provider. Ask for information on how to take the medicine safely.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

You may need to come in every 3 to 6 months or until your symptoms stop. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Apply a cold compress:

A cold compress can help relieve soreness or tenderness. Use an ice pack, or put crushed ice in a plastic bag. Cover the pack or bag with a towel and apply it to your breasts as often and for as long as directed.

Prevent gynecomastia:

  • Do not use illegal drugs. Ask your healthcare provider for information if you need help quitting.
  • Limit or do not drink alcohol as directed. A drink of alcohol is 12 ounces of beer, 1½ ounces of liquor, or 5 ounces of wine.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. Ask your healthcare provider how much you should weigh. Ask him to help you create a weight loss plan if you are overweight.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have breast pain or soreness that is not helped with medicine.
  • The skin around your nipples is peeling from rubbing against your clothing.
  • You feel depressed or embarrassed about your condition.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

© 2015 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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