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Foot Drop

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What is foot drop?

Foot drop is a nerve and muscle problem in your leg or ankle that prevents you from flexing or lifting your foot.

What causes foot drop?

Foot drop happens when the nerve involved in foot movement is pinched. This can happen when you stay in one position for too long. Foot drop may occur if you cross your legs often. It may also happen if you have recently lost weight and are able to cross your legs again. Tight bandages, braces, or casts may cause foot drop. Athletes with hard leg muscles could develop foot drop. Foot drop may be genetic (passed on to you by your parents). You may have foot drop if you have had a stroke, diabetes, or a mass blocking your nerves. In some cases, the cause is unknown.

What are the signs and symptoms of foot drop?

You may have any of the following:

How is foot drop diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine your leg and foot to locate your nerve problem. You may also have any of the following tests:

How is foot drop treated?

Your healthcare provider may tell you to wait and see if your condition improves before giving you treatment. Your foot drop condition may improve on its own within 6 weeks. It may take longer for a serious injury to heal. You may need any of the following:

What are the risks of foot drop?

You are more likely to fall and hurt yourself due to changes in how you walk. You may develop corns on your feet. You may not be able to do your daily activities such as dressing, walking, and playing sports as well as you could before.

How can I manage my foot drop condition?

Shift your body position often, and stretch your muscles daily. Make sure your seats are not too hard or too soft. Loosen bandages that feel too tight. Ask your healthcare provider about these and other ways to prevent foot drop.

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

When should I seek immediate care or call 911?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.