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Fluid Restriction

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:

Fluid restriction means that you need to limit the amount of liquids you have each day. Fluid restriction is needed if your body is holding water. This is called fluid retention. Fluid retention can cause health problems, such as tissue and blood vessel damage, long-term swelling, and stress on the heart. You may need to limit the amount of liquids you have each day to less than 1,000 milliliters (mL). Ask your healthcare provider how much liquid you can have each day.

DISCHARGE INSTRUCTIONS:

Return to the emergency department if:

  • You have a severe headache that cannot be relieved with medicine.
  • You have shortness of breath.
  • You have chest pain.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You gain 2 pounds in 1 day.
  • Your skin is tight and shiny.
  • You are urinating very little, even though you are regularly drinking liquids.
  • You have signs of dehydration, such as a headache, dark yellow urine, dry eyes or mouth, or a fast heartbeat.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Your healthcare provider may recommend that you see a dietitian on a regular basis. A dietitian can help you create a plan to get the right amount of liquid each day. The dietitian can also help you calculate the amount of liquid in the foods you eat. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Amount of liquid in common foods and drinks:

Liquid from both foods and drinks should be counted toward your daily liquid limit:

  • 12 ounces (1 can) of soda (332 mL)
  • 1 cup of juice (215 mL) or 2% milk (217 mL)
  • 6 ounces of coffee (175 mL) or 6 ounces of tea (168 mL)
  • 1 cup of gelatin (200 mL)
  • 1 single popsicle (45 mL)
  • 1 cup of ice cream (100 mL) or sherbet (127 mL)
  • 1 cup of yogurt (182 mL) or cottage cheese (185 mL)
  • 1 cup of raw peaches, canned in juice (218 mL)
  • 1 cup of grapes (120 mL) or berries (130 mL)
  • 1 cup of watermelon (140 mL)
  • 1 cup of cooked broccoli (170 mL) or creamed corn (200 mL)

Track your liquid intake:

Keep a record of the amount of liquid you get each day. Record the exact amount of liquid in mL. To do this, measure the amount of ounces that your glass holds. Multiply the amount in ounces by 30 to get the amount in mL. For example, a glass may hold 16 ounces of liquid. To get the amount in mL, multiply 16 by 30. The total amount of liquid in this glass is 480 mL.

Monitor your weight:

Weigh yourself at the same time every day, with the same scale. Record your weight so you can compare it to your other daily weights. You may be retaining fluid if your weight goes up by more than 2 pounds in 24 hours. If you have a sudden weight loss, you may be dehydrated.

Other things to remember about fluid balance:

  • Large amounts of sodium from foods can cause fluid retention. Sodium is found in table salt, salted snacks, bacon, cheddar cheese, soy sauce, lunch meat, and canned vegetables. Ask your healthcare provider how much sodium you can have each day.
  • Diuretics are medicines that can help your body get rid of extra fluid. If you take diuretics, follow your healthcare provider's directions. You may become dehydrated if you take too much of this medicine.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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