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Excision of a Bartholin's Cyst


A Bartholin's cyst excision is surgery to remove or drain a Bartholin's cyst. A Bartholin's cyst is a lump on your labia. Inside the lump is a sac filled with fluid. The labia are the skin folds on each side of your vagina.

Picture of the anatomy of the female perineum



  • Pain medicine: You may need medicine to take away or decrease pain.
    • Learn how to take your medicine. Ask what medicine and how much you should take. Be sure you know how, when, and how often to take it.
    • Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take your medicine. Tell caregivers if your pain does not decrease.
    • Pain medicine can make you dizzy or sleepy. Prevent falls by calling someone when you get out of bed or if you need help.
  • Antibiotics: This medicine is given to fight or prevent an infection caused by bacteria. Always take your antibiotics exactly as ordered by your primary healthcare provider. Do not stop taking your medicine unless directed by your primary healthcare provider. Never save antibiotics or take leftover antibiotics that were given to you for another illness.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your primary healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your primary healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Wound care:

If your wound was left open to drain, there may be a small piece of gauze in your incision to help it drain. Ask when you can take out the gauze. If the bandage over the incision gets wet, put on a clean, dry bandage. If your cyst was removed, ask how to clean the area.

Self care:

  • Put warm, moist towels on the area or sit in a tub of clean, warm water.
  • Sit on a donut-shaped cushion or lie down to relieve pressure on your wound.
  • Use panty liner pads if you have spotting or drainage from your surgery area.
  • Ask when you can return to sexual activity.

Contact your primary healthcare provider if:

  • You have pain with sex.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • Blood soaks through your bandage.
  • You have a fever and pain, redness, swelling, or drainage from your surgery area.
  • You have sudden shortness of breath.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.