Skip to Content

Bartholin Cyst


A Bartholin cyst is a swollen bulge near the opening to your vagina. The bulge may be on the surface, or it may be deep under the skin. A Bartholin cyst is caused by a blockage of your Bartholin gland. You have one gland on each side of your vagina. The glands produce mucus to moisten your vagina. Skin may grow over the gland opening, and block the mucus. This can cause buildup of the mucus in the gland, which forms a cyst.



You may need any of the following:

  • Analgesics help reduce pain.
  • Antibiotics help fight or prevent an infection caused by bacteria.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him of her if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits. Your healthcare provider may refer you to a gynecologist for treatment.


  • Take sitz baths 2 to 3 times a day, for up to 6 weeks to help prevent infection. Healthcare providers may give you a portable sitz bath. This is a small tub that fits in the toilet. Fill the sitz bath or bathtub with 4 to 6 inches of warm water. Sit in the warm water for 20 minutes, 2 to 3 times each day.
  • Ask if sex is safe for you. Do not start having sex again until your healthcare provider or gynecologist says it is safe. You may need to wait until the draining catheter is removed or you have healed.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • Your cyst gets larger or becomes more painful.
  • Your cyst returns after treatment.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • You develop a fever, even after treatment.

© 2017 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.