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Esophageal Banding


Esophageal banding is a procedure used to treat varices in your esophagus. It may also be called ligation. Varices are swollen veins in your esophagus. They are caused by increased pressure in the blood vessels of your liver. As the pressure builds in your liver, the pressure also builds in the veins in your esophagus.


Call 911 if:

  • You have chest pain.
  • You have shortness of breath.

Seek care immediately if:

  • You have trouble swallowing.
  • You have pain when you swallow for longer than 2 days after your procedure.
  • You are vomiting blood or have stomach pain.
  • You see blood in your bowel movements, or they are black or tarry.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have a fever.
  • You are weak or dizzy.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.


  • You may be sleepy from the anesthesia for 24 hours after your procedure. Do not drive or operate heavy machines. Do not take any medicine that makes you sleepy. More medicine could cause your breathing to become dangerously slow.
  • Do not eat or drink anything for 2 hours after this procedure. Then have small sips of cool water or other clear liquids.
  • You may have some throat discomfort after this procedure. This is normal and should get better within 2 days. Cough drops, honey, or a warm salt water gargle may help relieve the discomfort.

Follow up with your doctor as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.