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Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 2, 2022.

What is endometritis?

Endometritis is inflammation of the lining of your uterus.

Female Reproductive System

What causes endometritis?

Infection is the most common cause. Any of the following can increase your risk for infection:

  • Amniotic fluid that becomes infected before or during labor
  • Meconium (first bowel movement) passed by your baby before you give birth
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (infection of female organs)
  • Placenta or other tissue left inside your womb after delivery or a miscarriage
  • A sexually transmitted infection (STI) from having sex with an infected partner

What increases my risk for endometritis?

  • A cesarean section (C-section) to deliver your baby
  • Anemia (lack of red blood cells) that develops from large blood loss during a C-seciton
  • Infection in your womb early in your pregnancy
  • Procedures or tests used to check inside your uterus with tools that irritate the lining
  • A long or difficult labor
  • Steroid medicine given if your baby will be born too early (before 37 weeks)

What are the signs and symptoms of endometritis?

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Fever
  • Increased and foul-smelling vaginal discharge
  • Pain in your lower abdomen or perineum (area between your vagina and anus)
  • Pain during sex

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

How is endometritis treated or prevented?

  • Antibiotics fight or prevent an infection caused by bacteria. If you are pregnant, antibiotics may be given before you deliver.
  • Evacuation is done to remove the tissues left in your womb after giving birth or an abortion.
  • Needle aspiration may be needed to drain an abscess in your abdomen. A needle may be placed through your abdomen or vagina and used to remove the pus.
  • Surgery may also be done to remove pus and infected tissue.

When should I call my doctor?

  • You feel lightheaded or you have fainted.
  • You have vaginal bleeding that is not your monthly period.
  • Your symptoms become worse, even after you start treatment with medicine.
  • You have a fever.
  • Your symptoms come back after treatment.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Endometritis

Treatment options

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.