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An elbow sprain
is caused by a stretched or torn ligament in the elbow joint. Ligaments are the strong tissues that connect bones. An elbow sprain is usually caused by a fall onto your outstretched arm or a direct hit to your elbow.
Common symptoms include the following:
- Bruising or changes in skin color
- Decreased arm movement
- Pain and stiffness, especially with movement
- Swelling and tenderness
Seek care immediately if:
- The skin of your injured arm looks bluish or pale (less color than normal).
- You have new or increased numbness in your injured arm.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- You have increased swelling and pain in your elbow.
- You have new or increased stiffness or trouble moving your injured arm.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Treatment for an elbow sprain
may include a support device, such as a brace, sling, or splint. These devices limit movement and protect your joint. Treatment may also include pain medicine, physical therapy, or surgery if the ligament does not heal. Ask how to take pain medicine safely.
Care for an elbow sprain:
- Rest your elbow for 1 to 2 days after your injury. This will help decrease the risk of more damage to your elbow. Avoid activities that cause pain. Return to normal activities as directed.
- Apply ice on your elbow for 15 to 20 minutes every hour or as directed. Use an ice pack, or put crushed ice in a plastic bag. Cover it with a towel. Ice helps prevent tissue damage and decreases swelling and pain.
- Use an elastic bandage to support your elbow and decrease swelling so it can heal. The elastic bandage should be snug but not tight. Follow instructions about how to apply your bandage.
- Elevate your elbow above the level of your heart as often as you can. This will help decrease swelling and pain. Prop your arm on pillows or blankets to keep it elevated comfortably.
- Exercise your elbow as directed to decrease stiffness and improve strength. You may be directed to exercise once you are able to move your arm without pain.
Prevent another elbow sprain:
- Make sure you warm up and stretch before you exercise.
- Do not exercise when you feel pain or you are tired.
- Wear equipment to protect yourself when you play sports.
- Stop exercising and playing sports if your symptoms from a past injury return.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.