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Ebola Virus Disease

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Apr 2, 2024.

What is Ebola virus disease (EVD)?

EVD is a life-threatening disease caused by a virus. EVD was first diagnosed in West Africa. People from other countries have also been diagnosed with EVD.

How is EVD spread?

A person with EVD must have symptoms to be contagious (able to spread the virus). EVD is not spread through air, water, or food. The virus spreads through a break in your skin or mucus membranes in your eyes, nose, or mouth. You may get the virus through direct contact with any of the following:

What are the symptoms of EVD?

Symptoms may appear 2 to 21 days after you are exposed to someone who has symptoms of EVD. Contact your healthcare provider immediately if you have been in contact with someone who has EVD and you have the following:

How do I protect myself against EVD?

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

Is there an EVD vaccine?

An Ebola vaccine has been approved by the FDA. The vaccine is given as a shot in your shoulder one time. You may need the vaccine if you are an adult at high risk for exposure to EVD. You may be at high risk if:

Contact your doctor or local health department if:

You have been in contact with someone who has EVD. You may need to be placed in quarantine.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.