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Dyscalculia in Children
is a learning disability that causes problems with math. A learning disability means your child has trouble with an academic skill even though tests show he is intelligent.
Common symptoms include the following:
- Not being able to recognize printed numbers, or trouble imagining a number line
- Trouble learning to count, or only counting on his fingers
- Not understanding that a number represents quantity
- Anxiety about working on math problems or going to math class
- Trouble adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing single digit numbers
- Trouble telling time or using money
- Not knowing which steps to follow to solve a math problem
- No long-term memory of math skills, such as trouble memorizing multiplication tables
- Problems with shapes, such as being able to put a round object into a round hole
Manage your child's dyscalculia:
- Learning specialists such as tutors can teach your child in a way that makes sense to him. Children with dyscalculia often need to be taught in a way that uses many senses. For example, he may need to have math problems read to him so he can hear the numbers. He may need to write the problem, or to use a different color for each part of the problem.
- An individualized education program (IEP) may be used through high school graduation. The IEP identifies your child's learning needs and helps his teachers understand how to help him learn. The IEP may help your child build skills he will need after high school. He may be able to use other accommodations in college to help him continue to succeed. Examples include use of a calculator or tests that are not timed.
Help support your child:
- Always encourage your child. Praise your child for trying to complete his math homework. Your child may become frustrated if he has many problems to solve. Math may be tiring for your child, and he may lose focus quickly. Encourage him to take short breaks but always come back to the homework and finish. Do not tell him math is easy or that it should not take so long to finish. These types of comments may make him feel anxious or ashamed about having trouble.
- Go through homework problems with your child. Have your child tell you the process he used to solve the problems. Give him positive feedback on his thought process, even if the answer is wrong. Show him where he made a mistake that led to the wrong answer. Let him correct the problem. You may feel frustrated if your child gets the wrong answer a few times in a row. Stay positive and give him another chance to correct the problem. With practice, he may learn to find the mistake himself and correct it without help.
- Focus on your child's strengths. Your child may feel his problems with math mean he is not good at anything. Help him understand that math is only one of many skills a person can have. Let your child tell you about his interests, and help him build confidence in his abilities. He may also be more willing to work on his math skills if he feels confident about other skills.
- Do not focus on grades. Your child's anxiety may increase if he feels pressure to get a good grade. Praise improvement, such as an improved test score or more points for completed homework. It is okay to praise a good grade on an assignment or test, but do not make grades the goal.
- Practice math skills outside of school. For example, when you see a clock, ask your child what time it is. When you pay for items in a store, show your child how to give the right amount of money and count change. Have your child count flowers you pass as you walk along the street. Ask how many animals he sees in a field.
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