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A cystoscopy is a procedure to look inside of your urethra and bladder using a cystoscope. A cystoscope is a small tube with a light and magnifying camera on the end. The procedure is used to diagnose and treat conditions of the bladder, urethra, and prostate. The procedure is also done to remove stones or blood clots from the urethra or bladder. Your healthcare provider may do other tests, such as ureteroscopy, during a cystoscopy.


Call 911 if:

  • You suddenly have chest pain or trouble breathing.

Seek care immediately if:

  • Your urine turns from pink to red, or you have clots in your urine.
  • You cannot urinate and your bladder feels full.
  • Your pain or burning becomes worse or lasts longer than 2 days.

Contact your healthcare provider or urologist if:

  • Your urine stays pink for longer than 3 days.
  • You urinate less than normal, or still feel like you have to urinate after you use the bathroom.
  • Your skin is itchy, swollen, or has a new rash.
  • You have a fever and chills.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.


You may be given any of the following:

  • Antibiotics help treat or prevent a bacterial infection.
  • Acetaminophen decreases pain and fever. It is available without a doctor's order. Ask how much to take and how often to take it. Follow directions. Read the labels of all other medicines you are using to see if they also contain acetaminophen, or ask your doctor or pharmacist. Acetaminophen can cause liver damage if not taken correctly. Do not use more than 4 grams (4,000 milligrams) total of acetaminophen in one day.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

You may need to have another cystoscopy. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.


  • Drink at least 3 to 4 glasses of water daily for 2 days after your procedure. Do not drink acidic juices such as orange juice and lemonade. Drink water to help prevent blood clots from forming. It can also help decrease the amount of acid in your urine. Acid in your urine may increase the burning feeling when you urinate.
  • Sit in a warm tub of water. Warm water may relieve pain and bladder spasms.
  • Do not have sex until your healthcare provider tells you it is okay. Sex may increase your risk for a urinary tract infection.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.