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Compartment Syndrome in Children

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What is compartment syndrome?

Compartment syndrome is a condition that causes muscle and nerve damage. Swelling or bleeding increases pressure in and between muscles. This stops blood from flowing to the area. Compartment syndrome usually happens in an arm or leg. Symptoms start suddenly and get worse quickly. Without immediate treatment, damage may become severe and permanent.

What increases my child's risk for compartment syndrome?

What are the signs and symptoms of compartment syndrome?

How is compartment syndrome diagnosed and treated?

Your child's healthcare provider will examine the area where your child is having pain. The provider may also measure the pressure in this area. Your child may need to have a cast loosened or removed. This will help decrease pressure in the muscles. Your child may also need any of the following:

What can I do to help my child prevent compartment syndrome?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my child's doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's healthcare providers to decide what care you want for your child. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.