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Body Substance Exposure

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Jul 7, 2024.

What is body substance exposure?

Body substance exposure is when you come in contact with another person's blood or body fluid that contains blood. Contact may place you at risk for hepatitis B virus (HBV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV). Semen or vaginal fluid can also spread infection.

How can body substance exposure occur?

What should I do if I have been exposed to a body substance?

What treatment may be given for body substance exposure?

Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) is treatment that may protect a person from infection after exposure to another person's body fluids. PEP may be needed if the person whose fluids you were exposed to has a known infection. Do not donate blood, organs, tissues, or semen until your follow-up is completed at 6 months.

When should I follow up with my healthcare provider?

You will need to follow up with your provider for more blood tests. PEP for HIV often causes side effects. Talk with your provider about your symptoms. Your provider will need to make sure you are taking the medicine correctly. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

How can I help prevent body substance exposure?

If you care for another person who has HBV, HIV, or HCV, protect yourself and others from infection:

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.