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Bladder Cancer


Bladder cancer starts in the cells that line your bladder.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

Intake and output:

Caregivers will keep track of the amount of liquid you are getting. They also may need to know how much you are urinating. Ask how much liquid you should drink each day. Ask caregivers if they need to measure or collect your urine.


  • Antibiotics: This medicine is given to help treat or prevent an infection caused by bacteria.
  • Pain medicine may be given. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.


  • Blood tests may be used to check for signs of infection or to check your blood cell count.
  • A urine sample is used to check for blood, an infection, or abnormal cells.
  • An x-ray, CT, or MRI may show if the cancer has spread to your organs. You may be given contrast liquid to help the tumor show up better. Tell the healthcare provider if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast liquid. Do not enter the MRI room with anything metal. Metal can cause serious injury. Tell the healthcare provider if you have any metal in or on your body.


  • Transurethral resection (TUR) is used to burn off the tumor with an electrical current or laser. An instrument called a cystoscope will be inserted through your urethra.
  • Surgery may be needed to remove your bladder. Healthcare providers will then need to make an opening to the outside of your body for urine to pass through. Surrounding organs and lymph nodes may also be removed.
  • Immunotherapy is medicine given directly into the bladder to help your immune system fight the cancer.
  • Chemotherapy medicines kill cancer cells.
  • Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-ray beams to kill cancer cells.


Cancer may return or spread. You may get a blood clot in your leg or arm. The clot may travel to your heart or brain and cause life-threatening problems, such as a heart attack or stroke.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

© 2015 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.