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Barotitis Media

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What is barotitis media?

Barotitis media is damage to the middle ear (area behind your eardrum) from pressure change. It is also known as ear squeeze. It occurs when the eustachian tube becomes blocked and air builds up inside the middle ear. When this happens, it can injure tissue and blood vessels, and cause swelling.

What increases my risk for barotitis media?

What are the signs and symptoms of barotitis media?

How is barotitis media diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will use a scope and examine your ear. Your provider will ask if you take medicine or have any medical problems. You may be asked to chew, swallow, or yawn to release trapped air from your middle ear. You may need a hearing test. You may also need a test to check if sound can move from your middle ear to your inner ear. Your provider will put a small tube into your ear to measure air pressure and sound.

How is barotitis media treated?

Do not scuba dive or fly until your symptoms go away or any damage to your eardrum has healed. You may also need the following:

What can I do to decrease my risk of barotitis media?

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

When should I seek immediate care or call 911?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

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