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Abdominal Pain

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 6, 2023.


Abdominal pain

may be felt anywhere between the bottom of your rib cage and your groin. Acute pain usually lasts less than 3 months. Chronic pain lasts longer than 3 months. Your pain may be sharp or dull. The pain may stay in the same place or move around. You may have the pain all the time, or it may come and go. Depending on the cause, you may also have nausea, vomiting, fever, or diarrhea.

Abdominal Organs

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

  • You have chest pain or shortness of breath.

Seek care immediately if:

  • You have pulsing pain in your upper abdomen or lower back that suddenly becomes constant.
  • Your pain is in the right lower abdominal area and worsens with movement.
  • You have a fever over 100.4°F (38°C) or shaking chills.
  • You are vomiting and cannot keep food or liquids down.
  • Your pain does not improve or gets worse over the next 8 to 12 hours.
  • You see blood in your vomit or bowel movements, or they look black and tarry.
  • Your skin or the whites of your eyes turn yellow.
  • You are a woman and have a large amount of vaginal bleeding that is not your monthly period.

Call your doctor if:

  • You have pain in your lower back.
  • You are a man and have pain in your testicles.
  • You have pain when you urinate.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

The cause of your abdominal pain

may not be found. The following are common causes:

  • Overeating, gas pains, or food poisoning
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • An injury
  • Appendicitis, a hernia, or an ulcer
  • Infection or a blockage
  • A liver, gallbladder, or kidney condition

Treatment for abdominal pain

may include any of the following:

  • Medicines may be given to calm your stomach or prevent vomiting.
  • Prescription pain medicine may be given. Ask your healthcare provider how to take this medicine safely. Some prescription pain medicines contain acetaminophen. Do not take other medicines that contain acetaminophen without talking to your healthcare provider. Too much acetaminophen may cause liver damage. Prescription pain medicine may cause constipation. Ask your healthcare provider how to prevent or treat constipation.
  • Relaxation therapy may be used along with pain medicine.
  • Surgery may be needed, depending on the cause.

Manage or prevent abdominal pain:

  • Apply heat on your abdomen for 20 to 30 minutes every 2 hours for as many days as directed. Heat helps decrease pain and muscle spasms.
  • Make changes to the foods you eat, if needed. Do not eat foods that cause abdominal pain or other symptoms. Eat small meals more often. The following changes may also help:
    • Eat more high-fiber foods if you are constipated. High-fiber foods include fruits, vegetables, whole-grain foods, and legumes such as pinto beans.

    • Do not eat foods that cause gas if you have bloating. Examples include broccoli, cabbage, beans, and carbonated drinks.
    • Do not eat foods or drinks that contain sorbitol or fructose if you have diarrhea and bloating. Some examples are fruit juices, candy, jelly, and sugar-free gum.
    • Do not eat high-fat foods. Examples include fried foods, cheeseburgers, hot dogs, and desserts.
  • Make changes to the liquids you drink, if needed. Do not drink liquids that cause pain or make it worse, such as orange juice. Drink liquids throughout the day to stay hydrated. The following changes may also help:
    • Drink more liquids to prevent dehydration from diarrhea or vomiting. Ask your healthcare provider how much liquid to drink each day and which liquids are best for you.
    • Limit or do not have caffeine. Caffeine may make symptoms such as heartburn or nausea worse.
    • Limit or do not drink alcohol. Alcohol can make your abdominal pain worse. Ask your healthcare provider if it is okay for you to drink alcohol. Also ask how much is okay for you to drink. A drink of alcohol is 12 ounces of beer, ½ ounce of liquor, or 5 ounces of wine.
  • Keep a diary of your abdominal pain. A diary may help your healthcare provider learn what is causing your pain. Include when the pain happens, how long it lasts, and what the pain feels like. Write down any other symptoms you have with abdominal pain. Also write down what you eat, and what symptoms you have after you eat.
  • Manage stress. Stress may cause abdominal pain. Your healthcare provider may recommend relaxation techniques and deep breathing exercises to help decrease your stress. Your healthcare provider may recommend you talk to someone about your stress or anxiety, such as a counselor or a friend. Get plenty of sleep. Exercise regularly.
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  • Do not smoke. Nicotine and other chemicals in cigarettes can damage your esophagus and stomach. Ask your healthcare provider for information if you currently smoke and need help to quit. E-cigarettes or smokeless tobacco still contain nicotine. Talk to your healthcare provider before you use these products.

Follow up with your doctor as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.