Generic Name: triamcinolone (TRYE-am-SIN-oh-lone)
Brand Name: Kenalog-40
Triamcinolone suspension is used for:
Treating inflammation in a number of different disorders, such as arthritis, bursitis, or tendonitis. It may also be used to treat asthma, allergic reactions, skin problems, or chronic pain. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Triamcinolone suspension is a corticosteroid. Exactly how it works to decrease irritation and swelling is not known, but it has a wide range of effects at the cell level. This relieves the discomfort caused by inflammation.
Do NOT use triamcinolone suspension if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in triamcinolone suspension
- you have a systemic fungal infection or a malaria infection in the brain
- you have an active herpes infection in the eye
- you are treating idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (a certain bleeding problem)
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using triamcinolone suspension:
Some medical conditions may interact with triamcinolone suspension. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have a bacterial or fungal infection; a viral infection (eg, chickenpox, shingles); measles; tuberculosis (TB); a parasitic, amebae, or worm infection; or a herpes infection of the eye
- if you have unexplained diarrhea, inflammation of the esophagus, stomach or bowel problems (eg, ulcer, inflammation, blockage, perforation), or recent stomach or bowel surgery
- if you have a history of heart problems (eg, congestive heart failure), recent heart attack, high blood pressure, blood clotting problems, diabetes, cataracts, glaucoma, increased eye pressure, kidney problems, liver problems (eg, cirrhosis), mood or mental problems, a seizure disorder (eg, epilepsy), thyroid problems, or a recent brain injury
- if you have osteoporosis (weak or brittle bones) or you are at risk of osteoporosis (eg, women past menopause)
- if you have had joint surgery or a positive TB skin test, or if you have recently had a vaccination
- if you have spent time in the tropics
- if you have myasthenia gravis and take anticholinesterases (eg, pyridostigmine)
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with triamcinolone suspension. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Amphotericin B, digoxin, or diuretics (eg, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide) because the risk of low blood potassium and heart problems (eg, enlarged heart, irregular heartbeat, heart failure) may be increased
- Cyclosporine because the risk of seizures may be increased
- Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin) because an increase or decrease of their effects may occur
- Azole antifungals (eg, itraconazole, ketoconazole), estrogens, hormonal contraceptives (birth control pills), or macrolide antibiotics (eg, clarithromycin) because they may increase the risk of triamcinolone suspension's side effects
- Barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital), carbamazepine, cholestyramine, hydantoins (eg, phenytoin), or rifampin because they may decrease triamcinolone suspension's effectiveness
- Aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (eg, ibuprofen), or ritodrine because the risk of their side effects may be increased by triamcinolone suspension
- Anticholinesterases (eg, pyridostigmine) or isoniazid because their effectiveness may be decreased by triamcinolone suspension
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if triamcinolone suspension may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use triamcinolone suspension:
Use triamcinolone suspension as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Triamcinolone suspension is usually given as an injection at your doctors office, hospital, or clinic. If you will be using triamcinolone suspension at home, a health care provider will teach you how to use it. Be sure you understand how to use triamcinolone suspension. Follow the procedures you are taught when you use a dose. Contact your health care provider if you have any questions.
- Triamcinolone suspension is only for injection into a muscle or a joint. Do not inject triamcinolone suspension into a vein or into an infected or unstable joint.
- Do not use triamcinolone suspension if it is discolored, or if the vial is cracked or damaged.
- Shake well before each use.
- Your doctor may change your prescription to medicine you take by mouth. If this occurs, be sure that you understand the dosing schedule and follow it exactly.
- Keep this product, as well as syringes and needles, out of the reach of children and pets. Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials. Ask your health care provider how to dispose of these materials after use. Follow all local rules for disposal.
- If you miss a dose of triamcinolone suspension, contact your doctor right away.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use triamcinolone suspension.
Important safety information:
- Triamcinolone suspension may lower the ability of your body to fight infection. Avoid contact with people who have colds or infections. Tell your doctor if you notice signs of infection like fever, sore throat, rash, or chills.
- If you have not had chickenpox, shingles, or measles, avoid contact with anyone who does. Tell your doctor right away if you are exposed to anyone who has these infections or to anyone who has TB.
- If you are on long-term therapy, you may have withdrawal symptoms if you suddenly stop using triamcinolone suspension. Contact your doctor right away if you have muscle and joint pain, exhaustion, or depression. Do not suddenly stop using triamcinolone suspension or change your dose without talking with your doctor or pharmacist.
- If you are on long-term therapy, contact your doctor right away in the event of situations of physical stress (eg, injury, surgery, infection, loss of blood electrolytes). You may need additional fast-acting steroids to help your body handle these situations.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take triamcinolone suspension before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Triamcinolone suspension may interfere with skin allergy tests. If you are scheduled for a skin test, talk to your doctor. You may need to stop taking triamcinolone suspension for a few days before the tests.
- Do not receive a live vaccine (eg, measles, mumps) while you are using triamcinolone suspension. Talk with your doctor before you receive any vaccine.
- Serious health problems have happened when corticosteroids, including triamcinolone suspension, have been given into the spine (epidural). These include paralysis, blindness, stroke, and sometimes death. Safety and effectiveness of corticosteroids given into the spine have not been confirmed. Corticosteroids are not approved for this use. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
- Lab tests, including blood pressure checks, bone density, and eye exams, may be performed while you use triamcinolone suspension. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Diabetes patients - Triamcinolone suspension may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.
- Corticosteroids may affect growth rate in CHILDREN and teenagers in some cases. They may need regular growth checks while they use triamcinolone suspension.
- Triamcinolone suspension has benzyl alcohol in it. Do not use it in NEWBORNS or INFANTS. It may cause serious and sometimes fatal nervous system problems and other side effects.
- Caution is advised when using triamcinolone suspension in CHILDREN; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using triamcinolone suspension while you are pregnant. It is not known if this medicine is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use triamcinolone suspension, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of triamcinolone suspension:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Acne; changes in appetite; constipation; diarrhea; difficulty sleeping; headache; heartburn; nausea; restlessness; sweating; trouble sleeping; vomiting.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty swallowing or breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, hands, legs, eyes, throat, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); depression; fainting; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; joint stiffness or pain; mood or mental changes; muscle pain or weakness; numbness or tingling in the hands or feet; pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site; personality changes; seizures; severe or persistent headache or dizziness; shortness of breath; signs of infection (eg, fever, chills, sore throat); slow wound healing; swelling of the ankles, hands, legs, or feet; unusual weight gain, especially in the face; vision changes.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.Proper storage of triamcinolone suspension:
Store triamcinolone suspension at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, light, and moisture. Do not freeze. Keep triamcinolone suspension, as well as syringes and needles, out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about triamcinolone suspension, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Triamcinolone suspension is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take triamcinolone suspension or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about triamcinolone suspension. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to triamcinolone suspension. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using triamcinolone suspension.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.