Potassium Bicarbonate and Potassium Citrate
Generic name: Potassium Bicarbonate and Potassium Citrate [ poe-TASS-ee-um-bye-KAR-bun-ate-& poe-TASS-ee-um-SIT-rate ]
Brand names: Effer-K, K-Effervescent, K-Prime, K-Vescent, Klor-Con/EF
Drug class: Minerals and electrolytes
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Jan 6, 2023.
Uses of Potassium Bicarbonate and Potassium Citrate:
- It is used to treat or prevent low potassium levels.
What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take Potassium Bicarbonate and Potassium Citrate?
- If you have an allergy to potassium bicarbonate, potassium citrate, or any other part of potassium bicarbonate and potassium citrate.
- If you are allergic to potassium bicarbonate and potassium citrate; any part of potassium bicarbonate and potassium citrate; or any other drugs, foods, or substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had.
- If you have high potassium levels.
- If you are taking any of these drugs: Amiloride, eplerenone, spironolactone, or triamterene.
- If you are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed.
This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with potassium bicarbonate and potassium citrate.
Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take potassium bicarbonate and potassium citrate with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.
What are some things I need to know or do while I take Potassium Bicarbonate and Potassium Citrate?
- Tell all of your health care providers that you take potassium bicarbonate and potassium citrate. This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
- Have blood work checked as you have been told by the doctor. Talk with the doctor.
- Do not take more than what your doctor told you to take. Taking more than you are told may raise your chance of very bad side effects.
- If your diet has low-salt foods or you are taking a salt substitute, talk with your doctor.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using potassium bicarbonate and potassium citrate while you are pregnant.
How is this medicine (Potassium Bicarbonate and Potassium Citrate) best taken?
Use potassium bicarbonate and potassium citrate as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.
- Take during or after meals.
- If you are using the flavored tablets, dissolve in at least 4 ounces (120 mL) of cold or ice water. If you are using the unflavored tablets, dissolve in at least 4 ounces (120 mL) of cold fruit juice. Do not swallow the tablet whole. Talk with your doctor if you are not sure how to prepare your dose.
- Drink slowly.
- Do not keep the mixture to use later.
What do I do if I miss a dose?
- Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
- If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
- Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?
WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:
- Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
- Signs of a high potassium level like a heartbeat that does not feel normal; change in thinking clearly and with logic; feeling weak, lightheaded, or dizzy; feel like passing out; numbness or tingling; or shortness of breath.
- Chest pain.
What are some other side effects of Potassium Bicarbonate and Potassium Citrate?
All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:
- Upset stomach or throwing up.
- Stomach pain or diarrhea.
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-332-1088. You may also report side effects at https://www.fda.gov/medwatch.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.
How do I store and/or throw out Potassium Bicarbonate and Potassium Citrate?
- Store at room temperature.
- Store in a dry place. Do not store in a bathroom.
- Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
- Throw away unused or expired drugs. Do not flush down a toilet or pour down a drain unless you are told to do so. Check with your pharmacist if you have questions about the best way to throw out drugs. There may be drug take-back programs in your area.
Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer
- If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
- Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
- Some drugs may have another patient information leaflet. Check with your pharmacist. If you have any questions about potassium bicarbonate and potassium citrate, please talk with your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.
More about potassium bicarbonate / potassium citrate
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.