Skip to main content

Gallium Citrate Ga 67 use while Breastfeeding

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Dec 23, 2023.

Drugs containing Gallium Citrate Ga 67: Mallinckrodt Gallium (67Ga) Citrate, Bristol-Myers Squibb Gallium (67Ga) Citrate, ARI Gallium (Ga-67) Citrate

Gallium Citrate Ga 67 Levels and Effects while Breastfeeding

Summary of Use during Lactation

Information in this record refers to the use of Ga 67 citrate as a diagnostic agent. Several international guidelines recommend discontinuation of breastfeeding for 3 to 4 weeks or complete cessation of breastfeeding after Ga 67 citrate.[1-4] If the mother wishes to resume nursing, the breasts should be emptied regularly and completely during the period of interruption. If the mother has expressed and saved milk prior to the examination, she can feed it to the infant during the period of nursing interruption.[3,5] The milk that is pumped by the mother during the time of breastfeeding interruption can either be discarded or stored frozen and given to the infant after 10 physical half-lives, or about 33 days, have elapsed.[3,5]

Mothers concerned about the level of radioactivity in their milk could ask to have it tested at a nuclear medicine facility at their hospital. When the radioactivity is at a safe level, she may resume breastfeeding. A method for measuring milk radioactivity and determining the time when a mother can safely resume breastfeeding has been published.[6] Mothers who receive a dose less than 190 MBq for an inflammation scan need not refrain from close contact with their infants.[7]

Drug Levels

Ga 67 decays by electron capture with principal photon energies of 93, 185 and 300 keV, and a physical half-life of 3.26 days.[4] The effective half-life of gallium 67 citrate ranges from 40 to 68 hours.[5,6]

Effects in Breastfed Infants

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Effects on Lactation and Breastmilk

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.


Mattsson S, Johansson L, Leide Svegborn S, et al. Radiation dose to patients from radiopharmaceuticals: A compendium of current information related to frequently used substances. ICRP Publication 128. Annex D. Recommendations on breast-feeding interruptions. Ann ICRP 2015;44 (2 Suppl):7-321. [PubMed: 26069086]
International Atomic Energy Agency. Radiation Protection and Safety in Medical Uses of Ionizing Radiation, IAEA Safety Standards Series No. SSG-46, IAEA, Vienna. 2018. https://www​​/publications/11102/radiation-protection-and-safety-in-medical-uses-of-ionizing-radiation
ARSAC notes for guidance: Good clinical practice in nuclear medicine. Notes for guidance on the clinical administration of radiopharmaceuticals and use of sealed radioactive sources. 2020. https://www​​/publications​/arsac-notes-for-guidance [PubMed: 10732169]
Dilsizian V, Metter D, Palestro C, Zanzonico P. Advisory Committee on Medical Uses of Isotopes (ACMUI) Sub-Committee on Nursing Mother Guidelines for the Medical Administration of Radioactive Material. Final report submitted: January 31, 2019. 2019. https://www​​/ML1903/ML19038A498.pdf
Mountford PJ, Coakley AJ. A review of the secretion of radioactivity in human breast milk: Data, quantitative analysis and recommendations. Nucl Med Commun 1989;10:15-27. [PubMed: 2645546]
Stabin MG, Breitz HB. Breast milk excretion of radiopharmaceuticals: Mechanisms, findings, and radiation dosimetry. J Nucl Med 2000;41:863-73. [PubMed: 10809203]
Mountford PJ, O'Doherty MJ. Exposure of critical groups to nuclear medicine patients. Appl Radiat Isot 1999;50:89-111. [PubMed: 10028630]

Substance Identification

Substance Name

Gallium Citrate Ga 67

CAS Registry Number


Drug Class

Breast Feeding


Milk, Human


Gallium Radioisotopes

Diagnostic Agents

Disclaimer: Information presented in this database is not meant as a substitute for professional judgment. You should consult your healthcare provider for breastfeeding advice related to your particular situation. The U.S. government does not warrant or assume any liability or responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of the information on this Site.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.