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Vitamin / Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy / Lactation News

Zika Hijacks Pregnant Woman's Immune System

Posted 8 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 – The Zika virus thrives in pregnant women by suppressing their already dampened immune systems and running roughshod over their body's natural defenses, which allows the virus to directly attack the fetus, a new study reports. A woman's immune system naturally suppresses itself during pregnancy to keep the body from recognizing the fetus as a foreign body and attacking it, explained senior researcher Jae Jung, chair of the department of molecular microbiology and immunology at the University of Southern California's Keck School of Medicine. Zika hijacks this process, turning off most of a pregnant woman's immune defense so the virus can spread unhindered, Jung said. "The virus really tricks the host's immune system," Jung said. "It commandeers the pregnant woman's immune strategy to protect the fetus and utilizes that strategy for its own benefit." This helps ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Viral Infection, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Diagnosis and Investigation, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Smoking on the Rise Among Pregnant Women With Depression

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 14, 2017 – Smoking during pregnancy is on the rise among American women with depression, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from more than 8,500 mothers-to-be who took part in an annual government health survey. It found a 2.5 percent rise in smoking rates among pregnant women with depression between 2002 and 2014. Smoking rates among other groups fell during that time, according to the study published online in the October issue of the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence. "An increase in smoking rates in any population is concerning given the general overall downward trends we are seeing today," said study leader Renee Goodwin. She's an adjunct associate professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. More than a third of pregnant women with depression smoke, compared with 1 in 10 who are not depressed, according to the study. ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Major Depressive Disorder, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Sertraline, Pristiq, Amitriptyline, Venlafaxine, Fluoxetine, Effexor XR, Smoking, Escitalopram, Savella, Nortriptyline

Can Breast Milk Feed a Love of Vegetables?

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 4, 2017 – Want your preschooler to eat veggies without a fuss? Try eating veggies while you're breast-feeding. That's the message from a new study of lactating mothers and their breast-fed babies. The study found that those infants who took in veggie-flavored breast-milk were less likely to turn away from similar-tasting cereal when they graduated to more solid food. "Every baby's sensory experience is unique, but the flavor of their first food, beginning in utero, is dependent on what mom is eating," said Julie Mennella. She is a biopsychologist at the Monell Chemical Senses Center in Philadelphia, and led the study. "The way I see it is: Mother's milk is the ultimate in precision medicine," Mennella said. When an expectant mother eats vegetables, they flavor her amniotic fluid – and later, her breast-milk – and those flavors get passed along to her baby. As a result, ... Read more

Related support groups: Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Lactation Augmentation

Imbruvica Approval Expanded to Include Graft Versus Host Disease

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Wednesday expanded approval for the anti-cancer drug Imbruvica (ibrutinib) to include adults with chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD). cGVHD is a deadly condition that affects up to 70 percent of people who receive a stem cell transplant to treat cancers of the blood or bone marrow, the FDA said in a news release. The condition occurs when the transplanted cells attack healthy cells in a patient's tissues. "This approval highlights how a known treatment for cancer is finding a new use in treating a serious and life-threatening condition that may occur in patients with blood cancer who receive a stem cell transplant," said Dr. Richard Pazdur, director of the FDA's Oncology Center of Excellence. Use of Imbruvica to treat cGVHD was studied in a clinical trial of 42 people whose symptoms lingered despite standard ... Read more

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Breast-Feeding Lowers Mom's Breast Cancer Risk: Study

Posted 1 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 1, 2017 – Breast-feeding helps protect women against breast cancer, a new report finds. Of the 18 studies analyzed by the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR), 13 found the risk of breast cancer dropped 2 percent for every five months a woman breast-fed. The report, updating global science on breast cancer, also found that breast-fed babies are less likely to gain excess weight as they grow, which could reduce their cancer risk later in life. In adults, being overweight or obese increases the risk for 11 common cancers, according to the AICR. "It isn't always possible for moms to breast-feed but for those who can, know that breast-feeding can offer cancer protection for both the mother and the child," said Alice Bender, director of nutrition programs for the institute. Breast-feeding is protective in several ways, according to the report. It may delay return of a ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Breast Cancer, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Lactation Suppression, Lactation Augmentation

Recent Flu Shot Shouldn't Prevent Vaccination During Pregnancy

Posted 1 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 1, 2017 – Because pregnant women and newborns are particularly vulnerable to the flu and its complications, guidelines recommend a flu shot during pregnancy. However, it wasn't known whether that vaccine would work if a woman had already received a flu shot recently. But a new study found that mother and baby will both be well-protected by a flu shot given during pregnancy, regardless of whether the mother got another one recently. "Vaccinations in pregnant women work whether they have the vaccine the previous year or not," said study co-author Dr. Octavio Ramilo. He is chief of the infectious diseases division at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. "As soon as we know you are pregnant, you should get a flu shot. The sooner the better," Ramilo said. Researchers have learned in recent years that flu shots are valuable for more than the elderly and sick people ... Read more

Related support groups: Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, FluLaval, Afluria, Fluzone, FluMist, Flublok Quadrivalent, Influenza Prophylaxis, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Flucelvax, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Flucelvax 2015-2016, Flublok 2016-2017, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Live, Trivalent, Fluvirin 2015-2016, FluMist Quadrivalent, Fluzone Preservative-Free, Agriflu, Flucelvax Quadrivalent, Fluzone High-Dose

Antidepressants in Pregnancy Tied to Slight Increase in Autism

Posted 20 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 – In the long-standing debate over whether antidepressants are safe to take during pregnancy, a new study suggests that exposure to the drugs in the womb might bump up a child's risk of autism. The risk of autism was 45 percent higher for kids whose moms took antidepressants compared to kids born to mothers with psychiatric disorders who weren't prescribed antidepressants, the study found. "We found consistent results pointing towards a small effect of antidepressants with autism, especially higher functioning forms of autism without intellectual disability," said lead researcher Dheeraj Rai. He is a senior lecturer in psychiatry with the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom. "We think it is important to keep in mind the absolute risk, which is small," Rai said. "Over 95 percent of women in the study who took antidepressants during pregnancy did not have ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Major Depressive Disorder, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Sertraline, Pristiq, Amitriptyline, Venlafaxine, Fluoxetine, Effexor XR, Mirtazapine, Escitalopram, Savella, Remeron

Good Diet, Exercise While Pregnant Could Cut C-section Risk

Posted 20 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 – Eating a healthy diet and exercising during pregnancy isn't just good for the developing baby. A new analysis of 36 studies including a total of more than 12,500 women suggests these behaviors can also lower a mom-to-be's chances of having a Cesarean-section delivery or developing diabetes while pregnant. Overall, healthy habits reduced the risk of needing a C-section by about 10 percent, said study author Shakila Thangaratinam. She's a professor of maternal and perinatal health at Queen Mary University of London. A healthy lifestyle also reduced a woman's risk of developing diabetes during pregnancy – known as gestational diabetes – by 24 percent, the findings showed. Not surprisingly, healthy habits also trimmed the possibility of excess weight gain during pregnancy. "Based on all the evidence to date, what we found was a healthy diet and moderate ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Cervical Ripening, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Can Fetal Alcohol Damage Be Undone?

Posted 19 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 – Animal research may have yielded a potential treatment for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in children. Two common medications reversed memory and learning problems in rats exposed to alcohol while in the womb, according to researchers at Northwestern University in Chicago. "We've shown you can interfere after the damage from alcohol is done. That's huge," study senior author Eva Redei said in a university news release. Currently, there is no treatment for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, added Redei, a professor of psychiatric diseases affecting children and adolescents. In the United States, 1 percent to 5 percent of children are born with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. The condition is linked with low IQ; learning, memory and behavioral problems; high risk of depression; and heart and other health problems. For 10 days after birth, rat pups that were ... Read more

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Impaired Eyesight May Be First Sign of Zika Damage in Babies

Posted 17 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 – Infants exposed to the Zika virus in the womb should have their eyes examined for possible virus-related abnormalities, according to a new report. "All infants with potential Zika virus exposure should undergo screening eye examinations regardless of [central nervous system] abnormalities, timing of maternal infection during pregnancy, or laboratory confirmation," said Dr. Andrea Zin and colleagues. Zin is with the National Institute of Women's Health in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In some cases, evidence of Zika infection may only show up in the eyes, the study found. The results were published July 17 in the journal JAMA Pediatrics. "Eye abnormalities may be the only initial finding in congenital Zika virus infection," Zin said in a journal news release. Zika, a mosquito-borne virus, usually causes only mild symptoms in healthy adults. But fetal exposure during ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Eye Conditions, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Hydrocephalus, Cesarean Section, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Visual Defect/Disturbance

Big Baby, Heavier Kid?

Posted 17 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 – Those chubby baby cheeks that everyone loves to squeeze may signal an increased risk for childhood obesity, a new study suggests. Researchers looked at more than 10,000 children in the United States and found that those who were more than 10 pounds at birth were 69 percent more likely than average-weight babies to be obese by kindergarten. This risk continued at least until the second grade, when the study ended. By the second grade, about 23 percent of children with a high birth weight were obese, compared with about 14 percent of children with an average birth weight. The study could not prove that being a big baby caused obesity in children, however. The University of Virginia Children's Hospital study also included children born prematurely. Among premature infants born with a high weight for their gestational age, almost 28 percent were obese by second ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Gestational Diabetes, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Health Tip: Getting Toddlers to Try New Foods

Posted 13 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

-- Getting toddlers to try new foods may seem like an uphill battle. But experts say parents mustn't give up. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics suggests: The foods you eat may affect the taste of your breast milk. So if you breast-feed, eat a variety of foods. For both you and your child, minimize salt and skip spicy flavors, such as hot sauce or cayenne pepper. If your child doesn't like a food at first, keep offering it. Your child may eventually grow to like it. Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Lactation Augmentation

Breast-Feeding May Lower Risk of MS, Study Says

Posted 12 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 – Women with a longer history of breast-feeding may be less likely to develop multiple sclerosis than mothers who skip breast-feeding or nurse for briefer periods, a new study suggests. Researchers compared nearly 400 women with MS or its precursor, known as clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), with a similar healthy group. They found that mothers who had breast-fed one or more children for a total of 15 months or longer were 53 percent less likely to develop MS or CIS than those with zero to four months of total breast-feeding. "No one has shown before that breast-feeding could have a prolonged benefit on the mother's immune system," said study author Dr. Annette Langer-Gould. She's a research scientist in neurology at Kaiser Permanente in Pasadena, Calif. "This is one more piece of evidence that women who want to breast-feed should be supported to do so," ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Multiple Sclerosis, Delivery, Chronic Spasticity, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Spasticity, Upper Limb Spasticity, Cesarean Section, Lactation Augmentation, Spinal Spasticity, Lower Limb Spasticity, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Do Moms Who Smoke in Pregnancy Raise Their Odds for a Troubled Teen?

Posted 11 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 – Expectant mothers have been warned for years to avoid cigarettes. Now researchers report another reason to follow that advice: Teens and young adults whose mothers smoked during pregnancy may be more likely to break the law and be antisocial. The study included thousands of people in New England who were followed from birth into their 30s. The research wasn't designed to prove cause-and-effect. However, kids of women who smoked an extra pack of cigarettes a day had a 30 percent increased risk of three or more symptoms of conduct disorder as a teen, and a more than threefold increased risk of three or more symptoms of antisocial personality disorder as a young adult, the investigators found. These children also had a more than double increased risk of having a record of non-violent offenses as a teen and of committing a violent offense as a young adult, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Wellbutrin, Bupropion, Smoking, Chantix, Wellbutrin XL, Smoking Cessation, Wellbutrin SR, Nicotine, Zyban, Delivery, Champix, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Aplenzin, Commit, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Budeprion, Budeprion XL, Premature Labor

Malaria Drug Protected Mouse Fetus From Zika: Study

Posted 11 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 – A malaria drug protected mice fetuses from the Zika virus, researchers report. In humans, Zika infection during pregnancy can cause severe brain damage in infants. In this study with pregnant mice, investigators found that the malaria drug hydroxychloroquine prevented Zika from crossing the placenta. "We found that the malaria drug hydroxychloroquine effectively blocks viral transmission to the fetus," said senior author Indira Mysorekar. She's an associate professor of obstetrics and gynecology, and of pathology and immunology at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. "This drug already is used in pregnant women to treat malaria, and we suggest that it warrants evaluation in primates and women to diminish the risks of Zika infection and disease in developing fetuses," Mysorekar said in a school news release. Even though hydroxychloroquine ... Read more

Related support groups: Plaquenil, Hydroxychloroquine, Malaria, Malaria Prevention, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Malaria Prophylaxis, Zika Virus Infection, Quineprox, Plaquenil Sulfate

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