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Related terms: Mini stroke, TIA

Early Care by Cardiologist May Lower Stroke Risk for A-Fib Patients

Posted 1 day 18 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 26, 2017 – Patients with a common heart rhythm disorder who receive a cardiologist's care soon after diagnosis are less likely to suffer a stroke, a new study finds. Atrial fibrillation, or A-fib, is an irregular, often rapid heart rate that increases the risk of stroke and other complications. It affects between 3 million and 5 million Americans. Researchers from Stanford University School of Medicine analyzed data on more than 184,000 people diagnosed with atrial fibrillation between 2004 and 2012. Within 90 days of diagnosis, 40 percent were cared for by a cardiologist and 60 percent by a primary care doctor only. Patients seen by cardiologists had a 9 percent lower risk of stroke and an 11 percent lower risk of early death, the study found. The lower stroke risk probably resulted from a higher rate of prescriptions for blood-thinning drugs that prevent blood clots, ... Read more

Related support groups: Atrial Fibrillation, Arrhythmia, Transient Ischemic Attack, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis

Secondhand Smoke Still Plagues Some Cancer Survivors

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 22, 2017 – The number of nonsmoking cancer survivors exposed to secondhand smoke is down significantly in the United States, but it's too soon to breathe easy. A new review of federal data on nearly 700 nonsmoking adult cancer survivors found 15.7 percent reporting exposure to secondhand smoke in 2011-2012, down from nearly 40 percent in 1999-2000. However, exposure rates were higher among those with a history of smoking-related cancer and those living below the federal poverty level. Rates of secondhand tobacco exposure among nonsmoking cancer survivors are similar to that of the general population, the study found. "This is concerning," said study author Dr. Oladimeji Akinboro, chief medical resident at Montefiore New Rochelle Hospital in New Rochelle, N.Y., "because those who have had or have cancer represent a group of people whose health outcomes are adversely ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Smoking, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Smoking Cessation, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome

Head Position May Not Affect Outcome After Stroke

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 21, 2017 – New research might turn conventional stroke treatment on its head. An international study suggests doctors need not ask patients to lie on their backs, eyes trained on the ceiling, for the first 24 hours of their recovery – a popular way to prevent complications. It appears patients do just as well if their heads are elevated, the study found. "Head positioning does not seem potent enough to produce changes in the brain that make a difference to the chances of survival and recovery from acute stroke in patients," said lead author Dr. Craig Anderson, head of a global health institute at Peking University Health Science Center in China. "They [head positions] also are not the key factor related to the harms associated with impaired swallowing and breathing disturbance after acute stroke," he added. Doctors have long believed blood flow to the brain is better ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Aspiration Pneumonia

Horse Therapy Could Rein In Stroke's Damage Years Later

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – It may not be for everyone, but a new study suggests that the smooth stride of a gentle horse may help stroke survivors regain lost mobility and balance years after their brain attack. "I don't think we're ready to say that once you've reached the last phase of stroke recovery, you should get on a horse," said Dr. Daniel Lackland, a spokesperson for the American Stroke Association. But, it's "exciting" that many of these patients saw improvements with therapies "outside of what's available in traditional stroke rehabilitation," he added. None of the stroke survivors in the study had severe disabilities, but they did have lingering problems with essential functions like balance, walking and memory. Researchers found that two unconventional therapies – horseback riding and music-and-rhythm therapy – seemed to help many of these patients. Lackland also pointed ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Cirrhosis Could Raise Stroke Risk

Posted 5 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 5, 2017 – Cirrhosis – a stiffening of liver tissue that's often tied to excessive drinking of alcohol – may also raise an older person's odds for a stroke, a new study suggests. "In a nationally representative sample of elderly patients with vascular risk factors, cirrhosis was associated with an increased risk of stroke, particularly hemorrhagic stroke," wrote a team led by Dr. Neal Parikh, of Weill Cornell Medicine and New York-Presbyterian Hospital in New York City. Hemorrhagic or "bleeding" stroke comprises about 13 percent of strokes and occurs when a blood vessel ruptures, according to the American Stroke Association. The majority of strokes (87 percent) are ischemic – meaning they are caused by clots. In the new study, Parikh's team tracked 2008-2014 data for more than 1.6 million Medicare patients older than 66. The research showed that while just over 1 percent ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Cirrhosis, Alcohol Dependence, Transient Ischemic Attack, Alcoholism, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Stroke Risk Can Rise With Pregnancy-Linked High Blood Pressure

Posted 25 May 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 – Several factors raise the risk of pregnancy-related stroke in women with preeclampsia, a new study suggests. Preeclampsia is a condition marked by high blood pressure and protein in a pregnant woman's urine. It affects between 3 percent and 8 percent of pregnancies. Women with preeclampsia are at increased risk for stroke during and after pregnancy, though pregnancy-related strokes are rare. "Preeclampsia is a very complex disorder that's not completely understood. Our study sought to discover if there are ... clues that may help identify the women with preeclampsia who are at the highest risk for pregnancy-related stroke," said lead author Dr. Eliza Miller, a vascular neurology fellow at New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center. Researchers looked at nearly 89,000 women who developed preeclampsia between 2003 and 2012. Of those, about ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Urinary Tract Infection, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Toxemia of pregnancy, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease, HELLP Syndrome

Hospitals Vary in Moving Stroke Patients to Comfort or Hospice Care

Posted 25 May 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 – U.S. hospitals differ greatly in how often they move new stroke patients from treatment to comfort or hospice care, researchers report. Comfort care refers to medical care designed to ease suffering for a patient near death. "End-of-life and palliative care plays an important role with stroke, since the death rate is high, yet there has been limited data on the transition from treatment to comfort care," said study author Dr. Shyam Prabhakaran. He is a professor of neurology and medical social sciences at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. Prabhakaran and his colleagues analyzed data from nearly 1 million people treated for stroke in 1,675 hospitals between 2009 and 2013. About 55,000 had doctor's orders for comfort care only. Overall, 5.6 percent of the patients were moved to comfort care only. But the rate varied widely among ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Better Treatment Might Prevent Hundreds of Thousands of Strokes

Posted 15 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 15, 2017 – Hundreds of thousands of strokes might be prevented in the United States each year if more people with a heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation took blood-thinning medications, a new study estimates. Atrial fibrillation causes the heart to quiver instead of beating normally. This causes blood to pool and possibly clot, according to the American Heart Association. If one of those clots breaks free, it can go to the brain and cause a stroke. "Though not a life-threatening rhythm abnormality per se, atrial fibrillation can be associated with devastating life-altering consequences, namely disabling stroke," said one expert, Dr. Nicholas Skipitaris. He directs cardiac electrophysiology at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Unfortunately, too few people are getting the treatment for "a-fib" that they need, the new study found. Taking blood thinners might ... Read more

Related support groups: Warfarin, Coumadin, Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Xarelto, Pradaxa, Eliquis, Lovenox, Transient Ischemic Attack, Heparin, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Rivaroxaban, Enoxaparin, Apixaban, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Fragmin, Clexane, Arixtra, Hep-Pak, Dalteparin

Blood Thinners May Prevent Dementia in Atrial Fibrillation Patients

Posted 14 May 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 – Blood thinners are often prescribed to prevent strokes in people with the abnormal heart rhythm known as atrial fibrillation. But a new study suggests these drugs may also help keep dementia at bay. The researchers said that the key is to start blood thinners, such as warfarin, soon after atrial fibrillation is diagnosed. That's true even for people at low risk of a stroke who wouldn't normally be given blood thinners. "We found that people who are on warfarin – the most common blood thinner used to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation – experienced very low rates of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease," said lead researcher Dr. T. Jared Bunch. He's director of heart rhythm research at Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Murray, Utah. Atrial fibrillation is a common heart abnormality that affects nearly 3 million American adults. ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Warfarin, Coumadin, Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Xarelto, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Eliquis, Excedrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Aggrenox, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Rivaroxaban, Excedrin Migraine, Arthritis Pain, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Ecotrin

Speed Is Key When a Stroke Strikes

Posted 12 May 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 – Every 40 seconds someone in America has a stroke. But fast action and quick treatment can save lives and reduce disability. "Stroke statistics are alarming. It's the fifth leading cause of death in the United States and the leading cause of serious adult disabilities," said Dr. Randolph Marshall, chief of the stroke division at NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center. "The most effective method in saving a stroke victim's life is to diagnose and treat immediately after a stroke occurs," said Dr. Matthew Fink, neurologist-in-chief at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center. Both hospitals are in New York City. "Strokes kill nearly 133,000 people a year. The good news is that approximately 80 percent of strokes can be prevented," Marshall said in a NewYork-Presbyterian news release. As part of Stroke Awareness Month, the two experts ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Ischemic Stroke, Smoking Cessation, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Common Painkillers Tied to Slight Rise in Heart Attack Risk

Posted 10 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 – Commonly used painkillers such as Motrin, Advil and Aleve might increase your risk for heart attack, even in the first week of use, a new study suggests. Overall, these drugs and others known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) increase the risk of a heart attack by 20 to 50 percent, compared with not using them, researchers found. For most people, however, this represents only a small increased risk – about 1 percent a year, the researchers said. Still, "from the viewpoint of public health, even small increases in risk of heart attack are important because use of NSAIDs is so widespread," said lead researcher Michele Bally. She's an epidemiologist at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Center. The increased risk of heart attack associated with NSAIDs was seen at any dose taken for one week, one month or more than one month. And the risk ... Read more

Related support groups: Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Celebrex, Advil, Diclofenac, Voltaren, Aleve, Voltaren Gel, Motrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Vicoprofen, Flector, Flector Patch, Naprosyn, Arthrotec, Vimovo

Red Wine Antioxidant Might Help Diabetics' Arteries

Posted 4 May 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 – The antioxidant resveratrol – found in red wine, peanuts and berries – might improve the health of blood vessels in people with type 2 diabetes, a small study suggests. The study found that resveratrol supplements lessened artery stiffness in some people with type 2 diabetes. Stiffening of the arteries, called arteriosclerosis, raises the risk of heart attack and stroke. "In treatment with resveratrol among people with diabetes, there was a trend toward improvement in the stiffness. And in people with higher stiffness there was more of a benefit," said lead researcher Dr. Naomi Hamburg. She is chief of the vascular biology section at Boston University School of Medicine. While the research suggests there might be ways to improve blood vessel abnormalities in people with type 2 diabetes, it's too soon to recommend resveratrol for that purpose, said Hamburg. "We ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Resveratrol, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

1 in 3 Americans May Have Had Warning Stroke Without Knowing It

Posted 1 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 – Is it possible to have a small stroke and not even realize it? Yes, according to new research that found about 35 percent of Americans experience symptoms of a warning stroke. Yet only about 3 percent get immediate medical attention. Most adults who had at least one sign of a "mini" stroke – a temporary blockage also known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA) – waited or rested until symptoms had faded instead of calling 911 right away, according to the research from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA). "Ignoring any stroke sign could be a deadly mistake," said ASA chair Dr. Mitch Elkind, in a news release from the organization. "Only a formal medical diagnosis with brain imaging can determine whether you're having a TIA or a stroke. If you or someone you know experiences a stroke warning sign that comes on suddenly – whether it ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis

Common Food Nutrient Tied to Risky Blood Clotting

Posted 25 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 24, 2017 – A nutrient in meat and eggs may conspire with gut bacteria to make the blood more prone to clotting, a small study suggests. The nutrient is called choline. Researchers found that when they gave 18 healthy volunteers choline supplements, it boosted their production of a chemical called TMAO. That, in turn, increased their blood cells' tendency to clot. But the researchers also found that aspirin might reduce that risk. TMAO is short for trimethylamine N-oxide. It's produced when gut bacteria digest choline and certain other substances. Past studies have linked higher TMAO levels in the blood to heightened risks of blood clots, heart attack and stroke, said Dr. Stanley Hazen, the senior researcher on the new study. These findings, he said, give the first direct evidence that choline revs up TMAO production in the human gut, which then makes platelets (a type of ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Excedrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Aggrenox, Myocardial Infarction, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Arthritis Pain, Ecotrin, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Fiorinal with Codeine, Arthritis Pain Formula, Bayer Aspirin, Soma Compound, Norgesic, Excedrin Extra Strength, Norgesic Forte

When Oxygen Runs Low, the Naked Mole-Rat Finds a Way

Posted 20 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 20, 2017 – When brain cells are starved of oxygen, people and all other mammals run out of energy and begin to die. Not so for a hairless, underground rodent called the naked mole-rat. It survives low-oxygen conditions because its brain cells switch from using glucose as fuel to fructose – a process that is typically found in plants, not animals. Scientists believe their new findings could someday lead to new treatments for people who have a heart attack or stroke. "This is just the latest remarkable discovery about the naked mole-rat – a cold-blooded mammal that lives decades longer than other rodents, rarely gets cancer and doesn't feel many types of pain," said the study's leader, Thomas Park. He is a professor of biological sciences at the University of Illinois at Chicago. The naked mole-rat is native to Africa and lives in extensive underground burrows. In the ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Diagnosis and Investigation

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