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Archeological Finds Push First Known Cancer Back 2 Million Years

Posted 29 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016 – Researchers report that they have unearthed the earliest evidence of bone tumors and cancers, dating back almost 2 million years. The discoveries challenge the belief that cancer is a disease of modern life, the study authors said. "Modern medicine tends to assume that cancers and tumors in humans are diseases caused by modern lifestyles and environments. Our studies show the origins of these diseases occurred in our ancient relatives millions of years before modern industrial societies existed," said researcher Edward Odes. He is a doctoral candidate at the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits) in Johannesburg, South Africa. First, a 1.7-million-year-old foot bone with cancer was found at the Swartkrans cave in South Africa. The exact species is unknown, but it is a hominin, or bipedal human relative, the researchers said. Scientists also found a benign tumor ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Osteosarcoma, Diagnosis and Investigation, Osteolytic Bone Metastases of Solid Tumors, Solid Tumors, Osteogenic Sarcoma

Cancer Patients, Doctors Often Disagree About Prognosis

Posted 15 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 – Cancer patients and their doctors often hold different opinions about the patient's chances for survival and how long he or she might live, according to a new study. And, in many cases, patients are unaware there's any misunderstanding. "First, some patients might know the doctor's prognosis estimate but the patient chooses to disagree, often because they believe other sources. And second, some patients think that their doctor agrees with their opinion about prognosis but, in fact, the doctor doesn't," said study co-author Dr. Ronald Epstein. He is a professor of family medicine, psychiatry and oncology at the University of Rochester Medical Center in New York. For the study, researchers asked 236 patients with advanced cancer about their prognosis. The 38 doctors who treated them independently said they would "not have been surprised" if their patients died ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Brain Tumor, Melanoma, Ovarian Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic, Cervical Cancer, Stomach Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Testicular Cancer, Solid Tumors

Weight Loss Might Reduce Cancer Risk: Study

Posted 14 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 – Overweight and obese women who lose weight may lower their odds of developing cancer as their levels of cancer-linked proteins drop, a new study suggests. These proteins – VEGF, PAI-1 and PEDF – promote the growth of blood vessels, a process that is necessary to help tumors thrive. The more weight the women lost, the greater the drop in the levels of these proteins, the researchers found. "It's another piece of evidence in the jigsaw of the benefits of losing weight, and how important weight loss is to prevent cancer," said lead researcher Catherine Duggan. She is a principal staff scientist in the public health sciences division of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle. In general, losing weight reduces the risk of breast, colon and prostate cancer by as much as 20 percent, she said. This might be due to a reduction in inflammatory factors ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Cancer, Weight Loss, Solid Tumors

U.S. Cancer Survivors Living Longer

Posted 1 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 1, 2016 – As the American population ages, more older adults will survive cancer and live with other chronic conditions that will burden the health care system, U.S. government health officials report. "Increasingly, we are seeing the impact of an aging population – fueled by maturing baby boomers – on major diseases, including cancer," said lead researcher Shirley Bluethmann, a cancer prevention fellow at the U.S. National Cancer Institute. In 2016, nearly 62 percent of almost 16 million cancer survivors are aged 65 or older, the researchers said. By 2040, an estimated 73 percent of 26 million cancer survivors will be 65 or older. "This steady and dramatic growth will affect the health care system, and so is sometimes referred to as the 'silver tsunami,' " Bluethmann said. "It not only has implications for older people who are at higher risk for cancer, it also means ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic, Solid Tumors

Cancer's Heavy Financial Burden

Posted 8 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 8, 2016 – Many cancer patients can't afford to see their doctor or take the medications they've been prescribed, a new study finds. And the problem will likely only get worse as the cost of cancer treatments continues to rise, the study authors said. "You can prescribe the best drug in the world, but if patients can't afford it and they can't get it, then it won't be effective," said study author Dr. Greg Knight. He is chief fellow with the University of North Carolina School of Medicine's division of hematology and oncology. "We saw a significant portion of patients in our study who were stretching their prescriptions or not coming to the doctor's office," Knight said in a university news release. The researchers reviewed survey results from nearly 2,000 patients at the N.C. Cancer Hospital in Chapel Hill, N.C. The participants were all 18 and older, and had been ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Gleevec, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Votrient, Brain Tumor, Avastin, Tarceva, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, Tasigna, Sutent, Ovarian Cancer, Sprycel, Afinitor, Endometrial Cancer, Nausea/Vomiting - Chemotherapy Induced, Herceptin

Global Recession May Have Contributed to Cancer Deaths

Posted 26 May 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 – The 2008 global economic crisis has been linked to a sharp rise in deaths from cancer, a new study reports. Unemployment and cuts in public health-care spending were associated with more than 260,000 additional cancer deaths by 2010. Most of those deaths – 160,000 – were in the European Union, the researchers said. The study included 70 countries and a total of more than 2 billion people, according to the report published online May 25 in The Lancet. "Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, so understanding how economic changes affect cancer survival is crucial," lead author Dr. Mahiben Maruthappu, of Imperial College London, said in a journal news release. "We found that increased unemployment was associated with increased cancer mortality, but that universal health coverage protected against these effects. This was especially the case for treatable ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Brain Tumor, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic, Stomach Cancer, Gastric Cancer, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Testicular Cancer, Solid Tumors

Too Many Advanced Cancer Patients Lack Info About Their Disease

Posted 23 May 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 – Many patients battling advanced cancer lack basic information about their prognosis or treatment, meaning they can't make informed decisions about their care, a small new study suggests. "These were people with highly lethal metastatic cancers that had progressed after at least one prior line of chemotherapy; their life expectancy was approximately four months from our interview," said lead researcher Dr. Holly Prigerson. She is a professor of geriatrics at Weill Cornell Medicine in New York City. "We were astonished to learn that only 5 percent of this sample had sufficient knowledge about their illness to make informed decisions about their care," Prigerson said in a Weill Cornell news release. The findings highlight the need for doctors to improve communication with these patients, she said. In the study, Prigerson's team compared 178 advanced cancer patients' ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Brain Tumor, Skin Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic, Stomach Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Gastric Cancer, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Testicular Cancer, Solid Tumors

Could Talk Therapy Ease Chemo-Related Memory Issues?

Posted 2 May 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 2, 2016 – A type of psychotherapy might help cancer survivors deal with the long-term thinking problems some experience after chemotherapy, researchers say. It's estimated that about half of those who undergo chemotherapy for cancer develop what's often called "chemo brain." For instance, they may have trouble following conversations or remembering the steps in a project, according to background notes with the new study. Although usually mild, these changes can affect quality of life, job performance and relationships, said the researchers from the Eastern Maine Medical Center and Lafayette Family Cancer Center in Bangor, Maine. The researchers developed a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) program called Memory and Attention Adaptation Training to help cancer survivors prevent or manage these memory problems. Their study involved 47 breast cancer survivors who underwent ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Methotrexate, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Fluorouracil, Gleevec, Lung Cancer, Renal Cell Carcinoma, Colorectal Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Brain Tumor, Breast Cancer, Metastatic, Melanoma, Xeloda, Skin Cancer, Tasigna, Pancreatic Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Sprycel, Hydroxyurea

Many Cancer Survivors Struggle to Make Ends Meet

Posted 14 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 – Many cancer survivors struggle with money problems that can affect their mental health and quality of life, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed 2011 data from over 19 million U.S. cancer survivors to determine rates of financial troubles among these patients. At least 29 percent of the survivors reported at least one financial problem associated with their cancer, its treatment or lasting effects of treatment. Specifically, 21 percent said they worried about paying large medical bills, 11.5 percent could not pay the cost of medical care visits, 7.6 percent said they had to borrow money or go into debt, 1.5 percent declared bankruptcy, and 8.6 percent reported other money problems. Cancer survivors facing financial struggles were at higher risk for depression and mental distress, had lower physical and mental health-related quality of life, and were more ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety and Stress, Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Brain Tumor, Psychiatric Disorders, Melanoma, Cervical Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Stomach Cancer, Testicular Cancer, Solid Tumors, Urinary Tract Cancer

U.S. Cancer Death Rate Continues to Fall

Posted 9 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 – Overall rates of cancer and deaths from cancer in the United States continue to decline, a newly released report says. However, an increase in liver cancer deaths is cause for concern, the report authors noted. An increase in hepatitis C infections is likely a major reason for the increase, they said. "The latest data show many cancer prevention programs are working and saving lives," Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said in a news release from the organizations that issued the report. "But the growing burden of liver cancer is troublesome. We need to do more work promoting hepatitis testing, treatment, and vaccination," Frieden added. The Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer is released each year by the American Cancer Society, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Cancer ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Hepatitis C, Smoking, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Smoking Cessation, Cirrhosis, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Hepatitis B, Basal Cell Carcinoma, Brain Tumor, Liver Cirrhosis, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic, Cervical Cancer, Stomach Cancer

Majority of Americans and Canadians Expects Cancer Cure in Their Lifetime

Posted 4 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 – A majority of American and Canadian adults believe a cure for cancer will be found in their lifetime, and that a cancer diagnosis is not a death sentence, according to a new Harris Poll. Nearly three out of five Americans and Canadians expect a cure for cancer in their lifetime. That belief is especially strong among those ages 18 to 34. Nearly three-quarters of young Americans and 69 percent of Canadians in that age group expect a cure in their lifetime. And, about two-thirds of Americans and Canadians don't think death is inevitable when someone is diagnosed with cancer, the poll found. However, Americans adults under 35 are more likely to believe that a cancer diagnosis is a death sentence than those 35 and older (39 percent vs. 29 percent). Americans whose lives have been affected by cancer are also more likely to view cancer as deadly compared to those who ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Brain Tumor, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Stomach Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Gastric Cancer, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Testicular Cancer, Solid Tumors, Urinary Tract Cancer

Terminal Cancer Patients in U.S. Less Likely to Die in Hospitals

Posted 19 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 19, 2016 – Comparing end-of-life practices internationally, researchers found the United States has the lowest percentage of in-hospital cancer deaths among seven developed countries. Terminally ill U.S. cancer patients also spend less time in the hospital the last six months of life than those in the other countries, although they are more likely to receive intensive care and chemotherapy, researchers found. The study, published in the Jan. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, suggests that end-of-life care has changed significantly in response to patient preferences. "In the early 1980s, more than 70 percent of U.S. cancer patients died in hospital," wrote Dr. Ezekiel Emanuel, of the University of Pennsylvania's Perelman School of Medicine, and colleagues. Over the last 30 years, the researchers said, several factors have helped advance ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Brain Tumor, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Stomach Cancer, History - Skin Cancer, Solid Tumors, Urinary Tract Cancer

Targeted Drug Shows Promise Against Advanced Kidney Cancer

Posted 6 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 6, 2016 – A targeted cancer drug appears to be effective against advanced kidney cancer, although its side effects may keep it from becoming widely used, researchers report. The drug, cabozantinib, proved more effective across-the-board in kidney cancer patients than another targeted drug called everolimus, said lead researcher Dr. Bernard Escudier. He is chair of the genitourinary oncology committee at the Institut Gustave Roussy in Villejuif, France. Overall, cabozantinib provided "almost a 50 percent improvement in progression-free survival" over everolimus, Escudier said. Cabozantinib works by interrupting several different cellular processes that help cancer grow and spread, Escudier explained. Unfortunately, that widespread approach also creates worrisome toxic side effects, he added. "Based on this multi-targeted action, we have quite a lot of side effects. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Renal Failure, Renal Cell Carcinoma, Chronic Kidney Disease, Solid Tumors, Cometriq, Urinary Tract Tumors, Urinary Tract Cancer, Cabozantinib

Media Often Overplays Cancer Drug Research, Study Finds

Posted 29 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 29, 2015 – News articles that promise "breakthrough, "game-changing" new cancer drugs could irresponsibly raise the hopes of desperate patients, a new report suggests. Just five days' worth of news last June contained 94 articles that lavishly praised 36 different cancer drugs, researchers found by combing Google. Unfortunately, half of the "marvel" drugs had not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and 14 percent had never been tested on humans, the results showed. "The net effect is really confusion," said study co-author Dr. Vinay Prasad, an oncologist at Oregon Health and Science University. "We found that the use of superlatives or grandiose descriptors of drugs happens whether drugs are approved or not, whether they are tested in people or not, or whether they improve survival or not," Prasad said. "I think the average person who follows cancer ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Melanoma, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Solid Tumors

Young Cancer Survivors Often Develop New Malignancies

Posted 6 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 – Teen and young adult cancer survivors are at increased risk for other cancers later in life, a new study reveals. Researchers analyzed U.S. National Cancer Institute data on people who survived cancers before age 40. They had the most common types of cancers in that age group: leukemia, lymphoma, testicular, ovarian, thyroid, breast, soft tissue and bone cancers. "This is a patient demographic that has been largely overlooked," said senior study author Dr. Robert Goldsby, a professor of pediatrics at the University of California, San Francisco Benioff Children's Hospital. Over 30 years, nearly 14 percent of the survivors were diagnosed with another, different type of cancer. On average, the second cancer occurred within 15 years. Compared to people in the general population, patients successfully treated for cancer between ages 15 and 39 were nearly 60 percent ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Hairy Cell Leukemia, Leukemia, Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML), Lymphoma, Basal Cell Carcinoma, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL), Ovarian Cancer, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Stomach Cancer, Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Burkitt Lymphoma, Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

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