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Smoke Less, Drink Less?

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 – Smokers who try to give up tobacco drink less alcohol than other smokers, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed survey data from nearly 6,300 smokers in England, including 144 who said they had attempted to quit smoking the week before they were surveyed. Those who tried to quit cigarettes drank less alcohol and were less likely to binge drink than those who did not try to quit. "These results go against the commonly held view that people who stop smoking tend to drink more to compensate. It's possible that they are heeding advice to try to avoid alcohol because of its link to relapse," said study lead author Jamie Brown, from University College London. The reasons for the findings aren't clear. Smokers may reduce their alcohol consumption when trying to quit smoking to lower the risk of relapse, or people who drink less may be more likely to quit smoking, ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis

Women Smokers at Higher Risk for Brain Bleed

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 – Strokes characterized by bleeding inside the lining of the brain are more common among smokers, especially women, researchers report. These serious strokes – called subarachnoid hemorrhages – are eight times more common among women who smoke more than a pack a day compared to nonsmokers, Finnish researchers found. They're three times more common among men who smoke the same amount. Even light smoking tripled a woman's risk for this type of stroke, the study found. "There is no safe level of smoking, and naturally, the best option is never to start," said lead researcher Dr. Joni Lindbohm of the University of Helsinki. "The message for policymakers is that by implementing effective strategies against smoking, they can considerably reduce the burden of subarachnoid hemorrhage," said Lindbohm, who specializes in neurosurgery and public health. Subarachnoid ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

'Cool' Factor Often Spurs Teens to Try E-Cigarettes

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 18, 2016 – E-cigarette makers say the products can help adults stop smoking, but new research suggests many teens use the devices because they seem cool, new and fun. "While e-cigarettes are frequently used as devices for smoking cessation in adults, we found most students in our survey [including 47.8 percent of those who recently smoked cigarettes] were motivated by the 'cool/fun/something new' features of e-cigarettes," the study authors wrote. Dr. Michael Khoury, a pediatric cardiology resident at Stollery Children's Hospital in Edmonton, Canada, led the research during a previous residency at The Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto. The study involved nearly 2,400 students in Ontario, aged 14 and 15. The teens were asked about their e-cigarette use, including why they tried them and how often they used them. Seven out of 10 respondents, almost ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

9 Out of 10 Strokes Could Be Prevented, Study Finds

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 – Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability but the vast majority of strokes are preventable, according to a new study. Researchers discovered that 10 controllable risk factors account for 90 percent of all strokes worldwide. Of these modifiable risk factors, high blood pressure (hypertension) is the most important. "The study confirms that hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor in all regions, and the key target in reducing the burden of stroke globally," said study co-leader Dr. Martin O'Donnell. He is an associate clinical professor in the Population Health Research Institute at McMaster University in Hamilton, Canada, and the HRB-Clinical Research Facility in Galway, Ireland. Preventing strokes is a major public health priority and strategies for reducing people's risk should be based on key preventable causes of stroke, the ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Anxiety and Stress, Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Hypertension, Smoking, Ischemic Stroke, High Cholesterol, Smoking Cessation, Transient Ischemic Attack, Pre-Diabetes, Alcoholism, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

1 in 5 Americans Uses a Tobacco Product

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 – Despite decades of declines in smoking rates in the United States, one in five Americans still smokes or uses hookahs, e-cigarettes or other tobacco products, U.S. health officials reported Thursday. Cigarettes remain the most popular, but the emergence of hookah and e-cigarette use, especially among younger adults, is cause for concern, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report said. Findings from the 2013-2014 survey underscore the need "to educate the public about the potential harms of all tobacco product use, including risks associated with occasional use," CDC researcher Dr. Sean Hu and colleagues wrote. Noting that e-cigarettes were used most often by 18- to 24-year-olds, the study authors suggested advertising and misleading marketing claims are to blame. Patricia Folan, director of the Center for Tobacco Control at Northwell Health in ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

Do ADHD Medicines Boost Substance Abuse Risk?

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 – Parents often worry that their children who take stimulants to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be at higher risk for substance abuse later. Now, a surprising new study finds that risk was actually lower when medicines such as Ritalin and Adderall were started earlier and taken longer. "Most notably, the risk of substance use in adolescents who had been treated at an earlier age and for a longer duration with stimulant ADHD medications was the same as for the general population of children," said study leader Sean Esteban McCabe. He is research faculty chair at the University of Michigan Institute for Research on Women and Gender. "The study found that the odds of reporting any substance use were over two times more likely among individuals who reported later onset [age 15 or older] and shorter duration [two years or less] of ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Smoking, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Drug Dependence, Smoking Cessation, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR

Apartment Dwellers More Likely to Smoke: CDC

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 – Apartment residents are more likely to smoke and less likely to have smoke-free rules than people living in single-family homes, U.S. health officials report. Researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that 20 percent of adults living in apartments or condos smoked, potentially exposing nearby residents to secondhand smoke. Among residents of single-family homes, however, only about 14 percent smoked. Also, smoke-free rules prevailed in 81 percent of multi-unit housing units versus 87 percent of single-family homes, the study found. "These findings show the importance of protecting all people who live in multi-unit housing through smoke-free building policies and access to tobacco cessation resources," said Dr. Corinne Graffunder, director of CDC's Office on Smoking and Health. "Smoke-free rules help reduce secondhand smoke ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation

Obesity More Deadly for Men Than Women: Study

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 – Obesity is nearly three times more deadly for men than it is for women, new research suggests. In a study of nearly 4 million men and women around the globe, the risk of dying before the age of 70 was 19 percent for men and 11 percent for women of normal weight. But that risk jumped to 30 percent and 15 percent, respectively, for obese men and women. That's an absolute increased risk of 11 percent for men and 4 percent for women, the researchers reported. "Obesity is second only to smoking as a cause of premature death in America," said lead researcher Richard Peto, professor of medical statistics and epidemiology at the University of Oxford in England. "If you could lose about 10 percent of your weight, a woman would knock 10 percent off the risk of dying before she was 70, and for a man it would knock about 20 percent off," Peto said. Why obese men are at ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Smoking, Weight Loss, Smoking Cessation, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Are E-Cigs Slowing Teen Anti-Smoking Push?

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 11, 2016 – Declines in teenage smoking in the United States may be slowing because of the popularity of electronic cigarettes, a new study contends. "We found evidence that e-cigarettes are recruiting at least some youth who likely would never have smoked combustible cigarettes," said study lead author Jessica Barrington-Trimis. E-cigarettes are electronic devices that vaporize a fluid, which is then inhaled. The liquid can include nicotine and various flavorings. "We estimate that just under 5 percent of teens in our study likely would not have used cigarettes if e-cigarettes were not available," added Barrington-Trimis. She's a postdoctoral researcher in the Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. According to the study, the number of 12th-graders in southern California who reported smoking in the past 30 days dropped ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation

Smoking in Pregnancy May Be Under-Reported

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 7, 2016 – A significantly higher percentage of American women may be smoking while pregnant than researchers have previously believed, a new study suggests. The finding is based on urine tests that can measure nicotine exposure compared to what pregnant women report about their smoking habits. "We have long suspected that smoking status during pregnancy is under-reported," study senior author Dr. Jim Greenberg, director of the Perinatal Institute at Cincinnati Children's Hospital, said in a hospital news release. "But now we know just how many women struggle to quit smoking when they are pregnant," he added. Smoking while pregnant boosts the risk for premature birth by as much as 25 percent, the study authors noted. Smoking is also associated with the three most common causes of infant death. It's also considered to be a risk factor for both sudden infant death syndrome ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

Mixing Pot and Tobacco Increases Dependence Risk: Study

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 5, 2016 – People who mix marijuana with tobacco are at greater risk for dependency and less motivated to find support to quit these drugs, researchers report. One billion people around the globe use tobacco and 182 million people smoke pot, making these two of the world's most popular drugs, according to the World Health Organization and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Many people mix the two drugs together to save money. Tobacco also makes pot inhalation more efficient. This practice, however, may increase the likelihood that users become dependent, the researchers found. "Cannabis dependence and tobacco dependence manifest in similar ways, so it is often difficult to separate these out in people who use both drugs," said study lead author Chandni Hindocha. "Cannabis is less addictive than tobacco, but we show here that mixing tobacco with cannabis lowers ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Cannabis, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

Health Tip: Evaluating Your Chances for Gum Disease

Posted 5 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Gum disease occurs when tissues that support your teeth become inflamed from bacterial secretions along the gum line. This can lead to bone and tooth loss. The American Dental Association says risk factors for gum disease include: Taking improper care of the teeth and mouth. Chewing tobacco or smoking it. Being genetically predisposed to gum disease. Having teeth that are misaligned and more difficult to clean. Being pregnant or diabetic. Taking medication such as some types of oral contraceptives, calcium channel blockers, steroids, cancer medications or anti-epilepsy drugs. Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Oral and Dental Conditions, Smoking Cessation, Gingivitis, Periodontitis, Stomatitis, Prevention of Dental Caries

E-Cigs May Damage Cells in Mouth

Posted 1 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 30, 2016 – Many people think electronic cigarettes are a safer alternative to tobacco cigarettes, but a new study suggests that's not the case. In laboratory experiments on cultured cells, researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles, found that toxic substances and nanoparticles in e-cigarette vapors caused 85 percent of the tested cells to die. They said it's possible these substances can kill the top layer of skin cells in the oral cavity. The oral cavity is the portion of the mouth behind the teeth and gums. The researchers believe that similar results would be found in tests on people, and said they're planning a human study to confirm their findings. If confirmed, the researchers said that e-cigarettes could increase users' risk of oral disease. "A small but significant portion of dental patients at UCLA Dental Clinics have used e-cigarettes, which ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Oral and Dental Conditions, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Aphthous Ulcer, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Stomatitis, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

Health Risks Higher for LGBT Community

Posted 27 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 27, 2016 – In yet another sign that lesbian, gay and bisexual people face additional health risks, a new study finds they're more likely to drink heavily and smoke. Gay men and bisexuals of both genders are also more likely to report moderate-to-severe "psychological distress," and lesbians have a higher risk of poor or fair health than other women, the researchers reported. The study, which mirrors the findings of earlier research, doesn't determine why gay, lesbian and bisexual people face these higher health risks. However, the study authors suggested that discrimination causes stress and could be a contributing factor. "Stigma and discrimination against the LGBT population can lead to lower levels of self-esteem and cause feelings of shame and rejection," explained study author Gilbert Gonzales. He is an assistant professor with Vanderbilt University School of ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Smoking May Hinder Common Breast Cancer Treatment

Posted 24 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 24, 2016 – Smoking may blunt the effectiveness of a certain kind of breast cancer treatment, new research suggests. Among breast cancer patients taking a class of drugs called aromatase inhibitors, smokers had a three times greater risk of their cancer returning than nonsmokers, the investigators found. However, the study could not prove a cause-and-effect link. Smoking had little or no effect on the benefit of other drugs, such as chemotherapy or tamoxifen, or radiation treatment, the study authors added. "These findings need confirmation. If confirmed, smoking status should be taken into consideration when selecting the type of [breast cancer] therapy," said lead researcher Helena Jernstrom. She is an associate professor of experimental oncology at Lund University Cancer Center in Sweden. Common aromatase inhibitors include Arimidex (anastrozole), Aromasin (exemestane) ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Breast Cancer, Smoking Cessation, Arimidex, Femara, Breast Cancer, Metastatic, Anastrozole, Letrozole, Aromasin, Breast Cancer - Adjuvant, Exemestane, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Osteolytic Bone Metastases of Breast Cancer, Teslac, Testolactone

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