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Related terms: Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA), Stroke, CVA, Cerebrovascular Accident, Stroke, ischemic

Common Food Nutrient Tied to Risky Blood Clotting

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 24, 2017 – A nutrient in meat and eggs may conspire with gut bacteria to make the blood more prone to clotting, a small study suggests. The nutrient is called choline. Researchers found that when they gave 18 healthy volunteers choline supplements, it boosted their production of a chemical called TMAO. That, in turn, increased their blood cells' tendency to clot. But the researchers also found that aspirin might reduce that risk. TMAO is short for trimethylamine N-oxide. It's produced when gut bacteria digest choline and certain other substances. Past studies have linked higher TMAO levels in the blood to heightened risks of blood clots, heart attack and stroke, said Dr. Stanley Hazen, the senior researcher on the new study. These findings, he said, give the first direct evidence that choline revs up TMAO production in the human gut, which then makes platelets (a type of ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Excedrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Aggrenox, Myocardial Infarction, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Arthritis Pain, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Ecotrin, Fiorinal with Codeine, Arthritis Pain Formula, Bayer Aspirin, Soma Compound, Norgesic, Excedrin Extra Strength, Norgesic Forte

When Oxygen Runs Low, the Naked Mole-Rat Finds a Way

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 20, 2017 – When brain cells are starved of oxygen, people and all other mammals run out of energy and begin to die. Not so for a hairless, underground rodent called the naked mole-rat. It survives low-oxygen conditions because its brain cells switch from using glucose as fuel to fructose – a process that is typically found in plants, not animals. Scientists believe their new findings could someday lead to new treatments for people who have a heart attack or stroke. "This is just the latest remarkable discovery about the naked mole-rat – a cold-blooded mammal that lives decades longer than other rodents, rarely gets cancer and doesn't feel many types of pain," said the study's leader, Thomas Park. He is a professor of biological sciences at the University of Illinois at Chicago. The naked mole-rat is native to Africa and lives in extensive underground burrows. In the ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Diagnosis and Investigation

Many Heart Attack Patients Fail to Stick With Statins

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 19, 2017 – High doses of powerful statin drugs have been shown to avert future heart problems, including heart attack and stroke. Yet many heart attack patients stop taking these medicines as recommended, a new study reveals. Researchers examined data for heart attack patients who had a prescription for a "high-intensity" statin filled within 30 days of being discharged from the hospital. Two years later, only 42 percent were taking these medicines regularly, the study found. Thirteen percent switched to a low- or moderate-intensity statin, while 19 percent weren't taking a statin regularly. Close to 1 in 5 stopped taking any statin altogether, the researchers said. The lack of adherence to recommended high-intensity statin therapy is short-sighted, suggested study lead author Dr. Robert Rosenson. "The message is that the benefits of statins continue to accrue over ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, High Cholesterol, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Zocor, Lovastatin, Rosuvastatin, Hypertriglyceridemia, High Cholesterol - Familial Heterozygous, Pravachol, Livalo, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Red Yeast Rice, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis

Blood Pressure: Know Your Numbers

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 18, 2017 – Having high blood pressure makes you more likely to have heart disease or a stroke. But because high blood pressure doesn't usually cause warning symptoms, you could be at risk without even knowing it. That's why it's important to have your blood pressure checked regularly by a healthcare professional. High blood pressure is a particular concern if you're black because it's more prevalent among blacks than any other group in the United States. Research from Johns Hopkins University found that a primary cause of high blood pressure among blacks was stress. However, anyone can develop high blood pressure. When you have a blood pressure check: The first, or top, number in the reading is called the systolic number; the second, or lower, number, is the diastolic number. Normal blood pressure is less than 120 mmHg for systolic pressure and a diastolic level of less ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Another Downside to Unemployment: Stroke Risk?

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 13, 2017 – Losing a job might increase your risk for a fatal stroke, a new study from Japan suggests. "While the Japanese culture is different from the U.S. culture, the implication is that job security could help reduce stroke risk," said lead researcher Dr. Ehab Eshak. Eshak is a visiting associate professor of public health at Osaka University's Graduate School of Medicine. Among roughly 42,000 Japanese adults, Eshak's team found that those who remained employed over 15 years had a lower risk of stroke than those who lost a job. Compared with steadily employed workers, jobless men had a nearly 60 percent higher risk of stroke. And they were 120 percent more likely to die from it, Eshak said. Women with a jobless stint suffered, too. They were over 50 percent more likely to have a stroke and nearly 150 percent more likely to die from it, the study found. Stroke – ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis

Trans Fat Bans May Have Cut Heart Attack, Stroke Rate

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 12, 2017 – Could the contents of your cupcake affect your heart attack risk? It seems so, according to a new study that found lower rates of heart attack and stroke in communities that restrict trans fats in foods. Trans fats, which are found in products such as baked goods, chips, crackers and fried foods, have been linked to an increased risk of heart disease. In response, some U.S. cities have implemented policies to reduce trans fats in restaurant food. "Our study highlights the power of public policy to impact the cardiovascular health of a population. Trans fats are deleterious for cardiovascular health, and minimizing or eliminating them from the diet can substantially reduce rates of heart attack and stroke," said study author Dr. Eric Brandt. He's a clinical fellow in cardiovascular medicine at the Yale School of Medicine. The researchers compared 2002-13 data ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Many Americans Don't Know How to Handle High Cholesterol

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 11, 2017 – Americans with high cholesterol are well aware of its heart dangers, but many lack the confidence or knowledge to keep it under control, a new survey shows. High cholesterol is a risk factor for heart disease and stroke, causing about 2.6 million deaths in the United States each year, the researchers said. The survey included nearly 800 people nationwide with either a history of heart disease or at least one major risk factor for heart disease and stroke, such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure or diabetes. Overall, 47 percent of the respondents had not had their cholesterol checked in the past year. While those with high cholesterol had higher rates of recent testing, 21 percent of them had not had their cholesterol checked in the past year. Eighty-two percent of the respondents knew there was a link between cholesterol and risk for heart disease and ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, High Cholesterol, Angina, Transient Ischemic Attack, Hypertriglyceridemia, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Hypertensive Heart Disease

More Younger Americans Are Suffering Strokes: Study

Posted 10 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 10, 2017 – Strokes are typically associated with the elderly, but new research suggests that strokes are increasingly happening to Americans under 65. The study looked at a sample of data from some U.S. stroke hospitalizations. From 2003 to 2004 in this sample, more than 141,000 people from 18 to 65 were admitted to hospitals for stroke. By 2011 to 2012, that number had risen to more than 171,000, researchers found. "Our results stress the importance of prevention of stroke risk factors in younger adults," said lead author Dr. Mary George. She's a senior medical officer with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's division of heart disease and stroke prevention. "Young adults, ages 18 to 54, are experiencing a small but sustained increase in stroke and in the prevalence of traditional stroke risk factors, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Imaging

Who Really Needs Blood Pressure, Cholesterol Meds?

Posted 6 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 6, 2017 – High blood pressure and high cholesterol are known risk factors for heart attacks and strokes, but it's unclear who needs medication to help manage these conditions, a new report suggests. According to a new Consumer Reports review, patients should consider these factors when deciding whether to take medications: Weigh your risk. Everyone aged 40 and older should be aware of their 10-year risk for heart attack or stroke. Ideally, it should be less than 7.5 percent. Consumer Reports recommends using a calculator developed by the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association to determine your risk. Don't rush to medicate. Some lifestyle changes may be enough to manage slightly elevated blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Exercise alone can significantly improve blood pressure, the review noted. Get the right drug. If your doctor ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Emergency, Hyperlipoproteinemia, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Fitness, Not Fat, Is Key to Post-Stroke Recovery

Posted 5 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 5, 2017 – People who were active and exercised regularly before their stroke were less likely to face disability after the attack, researchers say. But the amount of body fat a person had did not seem to be tied to post-stroke disability, the study found. Fitness was key, though. "Being physically inactive before stroke predicts a higher risk of being dependent both before and after stroke," said study author Pamela Rist, of Harvard University. Her team's findings were published online April 5 in the journal Neurology. The new study involved more than 18,000 people with no history of stroke who were followed for an average of 12 years. During that time, nearly 1,400 of the participants suffered a stroke but survived. Three years after their stroke, those who had exercised regularly before their stroke were 18 percent more likely to be able to perform basic tasks – ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis

Sleepless Nights, Unhealthy Hearts?

Posted 31 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 31, 2017 – More worrisome news for people who toss and turn all night: Insomnia appears to be linked to a heightened risk for heart attack or stroke, a research review from China suggests. "We found that difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep, or non-restorative sleep were associated with 27 percent, 11 percent, and 18 percent higher risks of cardiovascular and stroke events, respectively," said study co-author Qiao He. The reasons why aren't fully understood, said He, a graduate student at China Medical University in Shenyang. However, the study doesn't establish a cause-and-effect relationship. Sleep specialists say millions of Americans get too little sleep. "In modern society, more and more people complain of insomnia," He said. Evidence of insomnia's harmful effects on overall health has accumulated in recent years. "Previous studies have shown ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Insomnia - Stimulant-Associated

Exercise a Great Prescription to Help Older Hearts

Posted 24 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 23, 2017 – Regular exercise is potent medicine for older adults with heart disease, a new American Heart Association scientific statement says. Physical activity should be a key part of care for older adults with heart disease who want to reduce their symptoms and build their stamina, said geriatric cardiologist Dr. Daniel Forman. He's chair of the panel that wrote the new statement. "Many health-care providers are focused only on the medical management of diseases – such as heart failure, heart attacks, valvular heart disease and strokes – without directly focusing on helping patients maximize their physical function," Forman said in a heart association news release. Yet, after a heart attack or other cardiac event, patients need to gain strength. Their independence may require the ability "to lift a grocery bag and to carry it to their car," said Forman, a professor ... Read more

Related support groups: Atrial Fibrillation, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Arrhythmia, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Ischemic Heart Disease

Daily Glass of Beer, Wine Might Do a Heart Good

Posted 23 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 23, 2017 – Having a drink each day may help protect a person's heart against disease, a large-scale study suggests. But don't bend that elbow too often: drinking to excess can increase your risk for a variety of heart problems, the study also showed. Researchers tracked more than 1.9 million healthy British adults and found that having the occasional drink was tied to reductions in the risk of heart attack, sudden heart death, heart failure and stroke, compared to non-drinkers. In the study, "moderate" drinking was defined as 7 pints of regular beer or 1.5 bottles of wine in one week, researchers said in background notes. Drinking more than that increased the risk of many heart health problems, researchers found. Those included sudden heart death, heart failure, cardiac arrest and stroke. "We have shown that heavy drinking increases a person's risk of developing a ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Alcohol Dependence, Myocardial Infarction, Alcoholism, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Hangover, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Are Blood Thinners Overused in Patients With Irregular Heartbeat?

Posted 17 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 17, 2017 – Many people living with the heart rhythm disorder known as atrial fibrillation may be taking unneeded blood thinners, a new study suggests. These blood thinners, which include aspirin, Plavix and warfarin, are believed to reduce the risk of stroke that can come with atrial fibrillation. But for many atrial fibrillation patients with a low stroke risk, the medications might actually increase both bleeding and stroke risk, researchers reported. The way most doctors decide whether a patient needs a blood thinner is by using a simple score called CHADS2, which assigns points to patients based on age and other medical risks. A score of 2 is usually needed to recommend a blood thinner, the researchers explained. But, "people are realizing that the CHADS2 scores are putting too many people above the threshold – it's pretty easy to get a 2," explained study author ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Aspirin, Atrial Fibrillation, Plavix, Ischemic Stroke, Excedrin, Clopidogrel, Transient Ischemic Attack, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Aggrenox, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Arthritis Pain, Ecotrin, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Fiorinal with Codeine, Arthritis Pain Formula, Bayer Aspirin

Stent Patients Face Higher Risk of Death After Bleeding, Clots

Posted 15 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 15, 2017 – More than a year after getting stents to prop open their clogged arteries, some patients are still at increased risk of death if they suffer either blockages or bleeding events, researchers report. The researchers added that their findings highlight the need to identify which patients are more likely to benefit from prolonged anti-clotting treatment after stenting – and which are not. "Since our analysis found that the development of both ischemic [decreased blood flow] and bleeding events portend a particularly poor overall prognosis, we conclude that we must be thoughtful when prescribing any treatment... that may include bleeding risk," said study lead author Dr. Eric Secemsky. He is a fellow at Massachusetts General Hospital's division of cardiology. For the study, the researchers tracked long-term risks among people who had ischemia or bleeding events ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Ischemic Stroke, Excedrin, Aggrenox, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Arthritis Pain, Ecotrin, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Fiorinal with Codeine, Arthritis Pain Formula, Bayer Aspirin, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Soma Compound, Norgesic, Excedrin Extra Strength, Norgesic Forte, Percodan

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