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Related terms: Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA), Stroke, CVA, Cerebrovascular Accident, Stroke, ischemic

Pregnancy May Boost Stroke Risk in Younger Women: Study

Posted 1 day 2 hours ago by

MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 – Pregnancy may raise the risk of stroke in younger women, when compared to their non-pregnant peers, a new study suggests. While the overall risk in younger women is very small, it seems to rise during and after pregnancy, according to the study authors. It's not clear why the risk seems to exist, although the researchers said pre-eclampsia – which is dangerously high blood pressure during pregnancy – may play a role. "We should be cautious about reading too much into these results," said study author Dr. Eliza Miller, a vascular neurology fellow with New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center in New York City. Still, "one in five strokes in women under the age of 35 in our study were related to pregnancy, while it was more like one in 100 in the 35-and-older crowd," she said. How do pregnancy and its aftermath seem to affect the risk of ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Delivery, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Toxemia of pregnancy, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Irregular Heart Rhythm Patients May Not Always Need Blood Thinners: Study

Posted 7 days ago by

TUESDAY, Oct. 18, 2016 – People with an abnormal heart rhythm called atrial fibrillation typically take powerful blood thinners to prevent strokes. But, some patients who have implanted pacemakers or defibrillators may not always need the drugs, a new study suggests. Those who suffered only short bouts of atrial fibrillation – estimated at 20 seconds or less – were at no more risk for stroke or other heart complications than people without atrial fibrillation, the researchers found. "Some patients have atrial fibrillation 100 percent of the time, while others might have only a few seconds of atrial fibrillation once a year," explained study author Dr. Steven Swiryn. He's a clinical professor of cardiology at the Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University in Chicago. "Where atrial fibrillation only happens rarely and lasts a short time, it can be difficult to detect," ... Read more

Related support groups: Warfarin, Coumadin, Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Xarelto, Eliquis, Transient Ischemic Attack, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Rivaroxaban, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Apixaban, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Arixtra, Fondaparinux, Jantoven, Coagulation Defects and Disorders, Savaysa, Edoxaban, Arixtra 5 mg/dose, Dicumarol

Fitful Sleep May Take Toll on Older Women's Hearts

Posted 19 days ago by

THURSDAY, Oct. 6, 2016 – The sleep woes that many women suffer during menopause may be more than a nuisance: New research suggests a link between lost sleep and an increase in risk factors for heart disease and stroke. When loss of sleep was measured both objectively and subjectively, the researchers found it correlated with a higher risk of plaque buildup in blood vessels and a thickening of artery walls. "Our results indicate that short or poor sleep is associated with some increased risk for cardiovascular events such as heart attack and stroke," said lead researcher Rebecca Thurston, director of the Women's Biobehavioral Health Laboratory at the University of Pittsburgh. The increased risk, she said, "is probably somewhere around small to moderate, not large." Thurston couldn't explain the link, and added that the study did not prove that sleep troubles cause heart risks to rise. ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Fatigue, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Menopausal Disorders, Postmenopausal Symptoms, Transient Ischemic Attack, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis

1 in 10 Stroke Rehab Interruptions May Be Preventable

Posted 30 Sep 2016 by

FRIDAY, Sept. 30, 2016 – Interruptions in inpatient rehabilitation occur for some stroke survivors and patients with brain and spinal cord injuries, a new study finds. But at least one-tenth of these treatment breaks could be prevented, resulting in improved patient outcomes and lower health care costs, the researchers said. The findings indicate that inpatient rehabilitation facilities "are performing well in preventing complications," said researchers led by Addie Middleton of the University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston. But "given that more than one in 10 of the rehospitalized patients returned to acute care for a potentially avoidable condition, there is still room for improvement." For the study, the researchers analyzed Medicare data on about 80,000 patients undergoing inpatient rehabilitation for stroke (72,000), brain injury (7,100) or spinal cord injury (660). All went ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Head Injury, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness, Heterotopic Ossification - Spinal Cord Injury

Minorities Less Likely to Get Clot-Clearing Stroke Drug

Posted 14 Sep 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 14, 2016 – A clot-busting drug known as tPA can greatly improve stroke outcomes, but it isn't given to minorities nearly as often as it is given to white men, a new U.S. study shows. Blacks were 26 percent less likely, and other minority patients were 17 percent less likely, to be treated with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) than white men, the researchers found. In addition, women were 8 percent less likely to be given the clot buster than men. "It is helpful to get a sense of what factors are associated with not treating patients with this proven therapy," said lead researcher Dr. Steven Messe. He is an associate professor of neurology at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. Although Messe isn't sure why these disparities exist, he thinks "it is possible that this has already improved in more recent years." The drug is given after an ischemic stroke, ... Read more

Related support groups: Warfarin, Coumadin, Ischemic Stroke, Pradaxa, Transient Ischemic Attack, Jantoven, Dabigatran, Acova, Argatroban, Desirudin, Lepirudin, Refludan, Anisindione, Angiomax, Bivalirudin, Iprivask, Dicumarol, Miradon

1 in 4 Medicare Patients Uses Blood Pressure Meds Incorrectly

Posted 13 Sep 2016 by

TUESDAY, Sept. 13, 2016 – Nearly 5 million Medicare prescription drug enrollees aren't taking their blood pressure medication as directed, increasing their risk of heart attack and stroke, a new U.S. study found. An analysis of 18.5 million Medicare Part D enrollees in 2014 found that 26 percent either skipped doses of their blood pressure medication or stopped taking the drugs entirely, according to the study from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "That's particularly troubling, because other research indicates that up to 25 percent of new prescriptions for blood pressure medicine are never even filled in the first place," CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said. "Of those prescribed those regimens, maybe a quarter don't even start them, and now we're finding that another quarter don't continue them." Heart disease and stroke kill 800,000 people every year in the United ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Emergency, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome, Hypertensive Heart Disease

New Electrical Stimulation Therapy Can Help Stroke Patients Move Paralyzed Hand

Posted 8 Sep 2016 by

THURSDAY, Sept. 8, 2016 – A new form of electrical stimulation therapy can help rewire the brain and restore some dexterity to a hand that's been paralyzed by stroke, a new clinical trial shows. In the experimental therapy, patients use their good hand to help their brain regain control over the paralyzed hand, explained lead researcher Jayme Knutson, an assistant professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine in Cleveland. A sensor-laden glove worn on the patient's good hand sends signals to electric stimulators attached to the paralyzed hand, prompting the muscles in the inert hand to mirror the movements of the functioning hand, Knutson said. During physical therapy patients think about opening both hands at the same time, as the electrical stimulation forces the paralyzed hand to reflect the movements of the good hand. "We ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

A Woman's Weight Has Complex Link to Stroke Risk

Posted 7 Sep 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 7, 2016 – Excess weight may put women at increased risk for the most common form of stroke, but at lower risk for a less common stroke type, new research shows. Still, experts say the overall message remains the same: Keep trim to help keep stroke at bay. "While the results of this study may appear contradictory or somewhat confusing, the take-home message is that overall, obesity causes more harm than good," said Dr. Richard Libman, who reviewed the findings. He's vice chair of neurology at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New Hyde Park, N.Y. Specifically, the British study of more than 1.3 million women found that overweight and obese women were more likely to suffer an ischemic stroke, where blood flow is blocked to the brain. According to the American Stroke Association, it is by far the leading form of stroke, accounting for about 87 percent of cases. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Stroke Survivors Often Struggle With Depression

Posted 7 Sep 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 7, 2016 – Stroke survivors face an increased risk of developing depression, a new study suggests. In the first three months after having a stroke, survivors' risk of depression was eight times higher than among people with no history of stroke, the Danish study found. "Depression is common in patients with stroke during the first year after diagnosis, and those with prior depression or severe stroke are especially at risk," wrote the study authors, led by Dr. Merete Osler of Copenhagen University. "Because a large number of deaths can be attributable to depression after stroke, clinicians should be aware of this risk," the authors concluded. Osler's team analyzed national databases in Denmark to compare depression risk among stroke survivors and people with no history of stroke (the "control" group). More than 25 percent of stroke survivors were diagnosed with ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Dysthymia, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Clot Retrieval Device Approval Expanded

Posted 6 Sep 2016 by

TUESDAY, Sept. 6, 2016 – Two similar devices that help doctors retrieve blood clots and avoid potential disability among stroke victims have been approved for new uses by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The Trevo devices were first cleared in 2012 to help people who could not be given the clot-busting drug t-PA. The devices, when fully expanded to up to six millimeters in diameter, allow doctors to grip a blood clot inside a vessel and remove it via catheter or sheath, the FDA said in a news release. The new approval expands the devices' use to include a broader group of patients, the agency said. Stroke kills some 130,000 people in the United States annually, making it the 5th-leading cause of death, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Potential risks of the devices include failure to retrieve a clot, device breakage and blood vessel damage. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Bleeding Disorder, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Coagulation Defects and Disorders, IV Catheter Clot

Alcohol Plus Heart Rhythm Disorder Ups Stroke Risk: Study

Posted 2 Sep 2016 by

FRIDAY, Sept. 2, 2016 – Excessive alcohol consumption and age may increase risk of stroke in people with a common heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation, a new study finds. "Doctors should ask their [atrial fibrillation] patients about alcohol use and advise patients to cut down if they are drinking more than is recommended," said Dr. Faris Al-Khalili, who led the study. Al-Khalili is a cardiologist at Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. The study included more than 25,000 Swedish adults, ages 18-64, with atrial fibrillation that wasn't related to valve problems. Atrial fibrillation increases odds of stroke, but because these patients had few additional risk factors, they were considered at low risk for ischemic stroke (blocked blood flow to the brain). Over a follow-up of about five years, the researchers found two factors were significantly associated with increased ... Read more

Related support groups: Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Alcohol Dependence, Transient Ischemic Attack, Alcoholism, Hangover, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Adult-Onset Asthma Might Raise Heart Risks

Posted 24 Aug 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 – People who develop asthma when they're adults may have another health issue to worry about: an increased risk for heart disease and stroke. That's the finding from research involving almost 1,300 adults, average age 47, none of whom had heart disease at the beginning of the study. Of the participants, 111 had been diagnosed with asthma as adults – also known as "late-onset" asthma. Fifty-five more people had been diagnosed with asthma as children. The health of all the participants was tracked for 14 years. Researchers led by Dr. Matthew Tattersall published their findings Aug. 24 in the Journal of the American Heart Association. They found that people with late-onset asthma were 57 percent more likely than those with early-onset asthma and those without asthma to suffer heart attack, stroke, heart failure, angina and heart-related death. Based on the ... Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Asthma - Maintenance, Angina, Transient Ischemic Attack, Asthma - Acute, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Mouse Study Suggests Stem Cells May Reverse Stroke Damage

Posted 22 Aug 2016 by

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 – Research in mice shows it may be possible to reverse brain damage after a stroke. "No one in the stroke field has ever shown this, so I believe this is going to be the gold standard for future studies," said senior study author Berislav Zlokovic, director of the Zilkha Neurogenetic Institute at the University of Southern California. The experimental treatment combined transplanted neural stem cells with a protein called 3K3A-APC, the scientists said. In mice, the protein triggered the stem cells to become functioning neurons. But animal research does not always pan out in humans. "We showed that 3K3A-APC helps the grafted stem cells convert into neurons and make structural and functional connections with the host's nervous system," Zlokovic said in a university news release. Zlokovic is also a scientific founder of ZZ Biotech, a company that is developing ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Diagnosis and Investigation, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Anemia Boosts Stroke Death Risk, Study Finds

Posted 18 Aug 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 – Older stroke victims suffering from anemia – a lack of red blood cells – may have higher odds of dying, researchers report. Among thousands of stroke patients, those who were anemic had a 1.5 to two times higher risk of dying within a year compared with patients without anemia, said Dr. Phyo Myint, lead researcher on the new study. "There is no clear evidence to suggest treating anemia will prevent stroke, but like in many other conditions, people with anemia should find out why they are anemic and treat the cause if possible," said Myint. He is a professor of medicine of old age at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland. However, why anemia increases the risk of death after stroke isn't clear, Myint said. Anemia is common in stroke patients, he added. Older people in general often have anemia or low levels of hemoglobin, the proteins in red blood cells ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Anemia, Transient Ischemic Attack, Iron Deficiency Anemia, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis

Regular Exercise: Antidote for Deadly Diseases?

Posted 10 Aug 2016 by

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 – Getting lots of exercise may reduce your risk for five common diseases, a new report suggests. Researchers analyzed 174 studies published between 1980 and 2016, and found that people with high levels of weekly physical activity had a lower risk of breast cancer, colon cancer, diabetes, heart disease and stroke. The investigators used a formula called MET minutes to estimate how much activity offered the greatest health benefit. MET minutes measure how much energy you burn during physical activity. The study findings showed the biggest benefit at 3,000 to 4,000 MET minutes a week. A person could get 3,000 MET minutes by weaving activity into their daily routine – for example, 10 minutes of climbing stairs; 15 minutes of vacuuming; 20 minutes of gardening; 20 minutes of running; and 25 minutes of walking or cycling. "With population aging, and an increasing ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Breast Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Intracranial Hemorrhage

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