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Related terms: Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA), Stroke, CVA, Cerebrovascular Accident, Stroke, ischemic

Minorities Less Likely to Get Clot-Clearing Stroke Drug

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 14, 2016 – A clot-busting drug known as tPA can greatly improve stroke outcomes, but it isn't given to minorities nearly as often as it is given to white men, a new U.S. study shows. Blacks were 26 percent less likely, and other minority patients were 17 percent less likely, to be treated with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) than white men, the researchers found. In addition, women were 8 percent less likely to be given the clot buster than men. "It is helpful to get a sense of what factors are associated with not treating patients with this proven therapy," said lead researcher Dr. Steven Messe. He is an associate professor of neurology at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. Although Messe isn't sure why these disparities exist, he thinks "it is possible that this has already improved in more recent years." The drug is given after an ischemic stroke, ... Read more

Related support groups: Warfarin, Coumadin, Ischemic Stroke, Pradaxa, Transient Ischemic Attack, Jantoven, Dabigatran, Anisindione, Angiomax, Bivalirudin, Iprivask, Dicumarol, Miradon, Acova, Argatroban, Desirudin, Lepirudin, Refludan

1 in 4 Medicare Patients Uses Blood Pressure Meds Incorrectly

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 13, 2016 – Nearly 5 million Medicare prescription drug enrollees aren't taking their blood pressure medication as directed, increasing their risk of heart attack and stroke, a new U.S. study found. An analysis of 18.5 million Medicare Part D enrollees in 2014 found that 26 percent either skipped doses of their blood pressure medication or stopped taking the drugs entirely, according to the study from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "That's particularly troubling, because other research indicates that up to 25 percent of new prescriptions for blood pressure medicine are never even filled in the first place," CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said. "Of those prescribed those regimens, maybe a quarter don't even start them, and now we're finding that another quarter don't continue them." Heart disease and stroke kill 800,000 people every year in the United ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Emergency, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Post MI Syndrome

New Electrical Stimulation Therapy Can Help Stroke Patients Move Paralyzed Hand

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 8, 2016 – A new form of electrical stimulation therapy can help rewire the brain and restore some dexterity to a hand that's been paralyzed by stroke, a new clinical trial shows. In the experimental therapy, patients use their good hand to help their brain regain control over the paralyzed hand, explained lead researcher Jayme Knutson, an assistant professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine in Cleveland. A sensor-laden glove worn on the patient's good hand sends signals to electric stimulators attached to the paralyzed hand, prompting the muscles in the inert hand to mirror the movements of the functioning hand, Knutson said. During physical therapy patients think about opening both hands at the same time, as the electrical stimulation forces the paralyzed hand to reflect the movements of the good hand. "We ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

A Woman's Weight Has Complex Link to Stroke Risk

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 7, 2016 – Excess weight may put women at increased risk for the most common form of stroke, but at lower risk for a less common stroke type, new research shows. Still, experts say the overall message remains the same: Keep trim to help keep stroke at bay. "While the results of this study may appear contradictory or somewhat confusing, the take-home message is that overall, obesity causes more harm than good," said Dr. Richard Libman, who reviewed the findings. He's vice chair of neurology at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New Hyde Park, N.Y. Specifically, the British study of more than 1.3 million women found that overweight and obese women were more likely to suffer an ischemic stroke, where blood flow is blocked to the brain. According to the American Stroke Association, it is by far the leading form of stroke, accounting for about 87 percent of cases. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Stroke Survivors Often Struggle With Depression

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 7, 2016 – Stroke survivors face an increased risk of developing depression, a new study suggests. In the first three months after having a stroke, survivors' risk of depression was eight times higher than among people with no history of stroke, the Danish study found. "Depression is common in patients with stroke during the first year after diagnosis, and those with prior depression or severe stroke are especially at risk," wrote the study authors, led by Dr. Merete Osler of Copenhagen University. "Because a large number of deaths can be attributable to depression after stroke, clinicians should be aware of this risk," the authors concluded. Osler's team analyzed national databases in Denmark to compare depression risk among stroke survivors and people with no history of stroke (the "control" group). More than 25 percent of stroke survivors were diagnosed with ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Dysthymia, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Clot Retrieval Device Approval Expanded

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 6, 2016 – Two similar devices that help doctors retrieve blood clots and avoid potential disability among stroke victims have been approved for new uses by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The Trevo devices were first cleared in 2012 to help people who could not be given the clot-busting drug t-PA. The devices, when fully expanded to up to six millimeters in diameter, allow doctors to grip a blood clot inside a vessel and remove it via catheter or sheath, the FDA said in a news release. The new approval expands the devices' use to include a broader group of patients, the agency said. Stroke kills some 130,000 people in the United States annually, making it the 5th-leading cause of death, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Potential risks of the devices include failure to retrieve a clot, device breakage and blood vessel damage. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Bleeding Disorder, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Coagulation Defects and Disorders, IV Catheter Clot

Alcohol Plus Heart Rhythm Disorder Ups Stroke Risk: Study

Posted 2 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 2, 2016 – Excessive alcohol consumption and age may increase risk of stroke in people with a common heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation, a new study finds. "Doctors should ask their [atrial fibrillation] patients about alcohol use and advise patients to cut down if they are drinking more than is recommended," said Dr. Faris Al-Khalili, who led the study. Al-Khalili is a cardiologist at Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. The study included more than 25,000 Swedish adults, ages 18-64, with atrial fibrillation that wasn't related to valve problems. Atrial fibrillation increases odds of stroke, but because these patients had few additional risk factors, they were considered at low risk for ischemic stroke (blocked blood flow to the brain). Over a follow-up of about five years, the researchers found two factors were significantly associated with increased ... Read more

Related support groups: Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Alcohol Dependence, Transient Ischemic Attack, Alcoholism, Hangover, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Adult-Onset Asthma Might Raise Heart Risks

Posted 24 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 – People who develop asthma when they're adults may have another health issue to worry about: an increased risk for heart disease and stroke. That's the finding from research involving almost 1,300 adults, average age 47, none of whom had heart disease at the beginning of the study. Of the participants, 111 had been diagnosed with asthma as adults – also known as "late-onset" asthma. Fifty-five more people had been diagnosed with asthma as children. The health of all the participants was tracked for 14 years. Researchers led by Dr. Matthew Tattersall published their findings Aug. 24 in the Journal of the American Heart Association. They found that people with late-onset asthma were 57 percent more likely than those with early-onset asthma and those without asthma to suffer heart attack, stroke, heart failure, angina and heart-related death. Based on the ... Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Asthma - Maintenance, Angina, Transient Ischemic Attack, Asthma - Acute, Myocardial Infarction, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Mouse Study Suggests Stem Cells May Reverse Stroke Damage

Posted 22 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 – Research in mice shows it may be possible to reverse brain damage after a stroke. "No one in the stroke field has ever shown this, so I believe this is going to be the gold standard for future studies," said senior study author Berislav Zlokovic, director of the Zilkha Neurogenetic Institute at the University of Southern California. The experimental treatment combined transplanted neural stem cells with a protein called 3K3A-APC, the scientists said. In mice, the protein triggered the stem cells to become functioning neurons. But animal research does not always pan out in humans. "We showed that 3K3A-APC helps the grafted stem cells convert into neurons and make structural and functional connections with the host's nervous system," Zlokovic said in a university news release. Zlokovic is also a scientific founder of ZZ Biotech, a company that is developing ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Diagnosis and Investigation

Anemia Boosts Stroke Death Risk, Study Finds

Posted 18 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 – Older stroke victims suffering from anemia – a lack of red blood cells – may have higher odds of dying, researchers report. Among thousands of stroke patients, those who were anemic had a 1.5 to two times higher risk of dying within a year compared with patients without anemia, said Dr. Phyo Myint, lead researcher on the new study. "There is no clear evidence to suggest treating anemia will prevent stroke, but like in many other conditions, people with anemia should find out why they are anemic and treat the cause if possible," said Myint. He is a professor of medicine of old age at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland. However, why anemia increases the risk of death after stroke isn't clear, Myint said. Anemia is common in stroke patients, he added. Older people in general often have anemia or low levels of hemoglobin, the proteins in red blood cells ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Anemia, Transient Ischemic Attack, Iron Deficiency Anemia, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis

Regular Exercise: Antidote for Deadly Diseases?

Posted 10 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 – Getting lots of exercise may reduce your risk for five common diseases, a new report suggests. Researchers analyzed 174 studies published between 1980 and 2016, and found that people with high levels of weekly physical activity had a lower risk of breast cancer, colon cancer, diabetes, heart disease and stroke. The investigators used a formula called MET minutes to estimate how much activity offered the greatest health benefit. MET minutes measure how much energy you burn during physical activity. The study findings showed the biggest benefit at 3,000 to 4,000 MET minutes a week. A person could get 3,000 MET minutes by weaving activity into their daily routine – for example, 10 minutes of climbing stairs; 15 minutes of vacuuming; 20 minutes of gardening; 20 minutes of running; and 25 minutes of walking or cycling. "With population aging, and an increasing ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Breast Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Study Links Sleep Problems to Stroke Risk, Recovery

Posted 3 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 – Too little or too much sleep may be a risk factor for stroke and might hinder recovery, new research suggests. The review of 29 previously published studies found that sleep disorders such as insomnia and sleep apnea are related to stroke risk and recovery. "Sleep disturbances are more prevalent in stroke patients, even more than in the general population," said lead researcher Dr. Dirk Hermann. He's a professor of neurology at University Hospital Essen in Germany. For example, evidence has existed for a number of years that sleep apnea, a sleep-related breathing disorder that is common in elderly patients and especially so in those who've had a stroke, is a risk factor for stroke, he said. Some studies show that sleep apnea was present before the stroke and may have contributed to the risk. Further, patients with more severe sleep apnea may have more severe ... Read more

Related support groups: Insomnia, Ischemic Stroke, Nightmares, Transient Ischemic Attack, Sleep Apnea, Night Terrors, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Are Stroke Centers Life Savers?

Posted 26 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 – The odds of surviving a stroke are slightly better for patients treated at hospitals with a specialized stroke department, known as primary stroke centers, a new study finds. But that benefit was only seen if stroke patients got to a stroke center in less than 90 minutes, the study authors said. "Treatment of stroke is very time sensitive. As the saying goes, time is brain," said lead researcher Dr. Kimon Bekelis. "So the faster you intervene, the faster the patient recovers," he said. Bekelis is an instructor at the Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center in Lebanon, N.H. Primary stroke centers provide integrated care, including timely administration of medications, such as the clot-busting drug tPA (tissue plasminogen activator, also known as alteplase). They also offer special procedures to reduce the ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Activase, Cathflo Activase, Alteplase

FDA Renews Call to Reduce Salt in Processed Foods

Posted 22 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 – Americans eat way too much salt, and one reason why is that processed and prepared foods have a lot of hidden salt, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. But proposed new guidelines for food manufacturers and restaurants – first announced early in June – may change that. The FDA is asking food makers and eating establishments to voluntarily reduce salt levels in their products to help reduce Americans' high salt intake. The draft guidelines target these sources of salt with the goal of reducing Americans' average daily salt intake from 3,400 milligrams (mg) a day to 2,300 mg a day. "It's no easy task for consumers to consume the recommended amount of sodium in their diets," Susan Mayne, director of FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, said in an agency news release. "We want to help reduce the amount of sodium across the entire food supply ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Dietary Supplementation, Transient Ischemic Attack, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Living Past 90 Doesn't Doom You to Disease, Disability

Posted 21 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 20, 2016 – What if you could live well into your 90s and still be in good health? A new study suggests that may be possible, particularly if you have good genes. "Chronic disease is not an inevitable part of aging," said Dr. Sofiya Milman, an assistant professor of medicine at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City. "An extended period of good health can accompany a long life span and is an achievable goal." Milman is one of the authors of a U.S. National Institutes of Health-funded study on aging. Americans are living longer than ever. In 2014, the average life expectancy at birth had reached nearly 79 years, according to the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. A century earlier, it was just slightly over 54 years. But gains in "health span – the period of time that people live in good health – have not kept pace with longevity, the study ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Cancer, Ischemic Stroke, Osteoporosis, Transient Ischemic Attack, Fracture, bone, Prevention of Osteoporosis, Diabetes Mellitus, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Prevention of Fractures

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