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Heart Disease News (Page 7)

Related terms: Congenital Heart Disease

Study: Tissue Heart Valves Seem Best for Middle-Aged Patients

Posted 13 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 13, 2016 – Middle-aged heart valve replacement patients may have better outcomes if they receive valves made from animal tissue rather than metal, researchers report. The investigators analyzed 13 studies that compared metal and tissue valves in patients aged 40 to 70 who had aortic valve replacement. Heart valves are designed to allow blood to flow in only one direction through the heart. The two types of valves studied have different risks and benefits, the authors of the report explained. Metal (mechanical) valves last longer but are more likely to cause blood clots. So patients have to take blood-thinning drugs for the rest of their lives, which can increase the risk of major bleeding, the study authors said. Tissue (bioprosthetic) valves are less likely to cause blood clots, but they may need to be replaced at some point, the authors added. Fifteen years after ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Prosthetic Heart Valves, Mitral Valve Prolapse, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Stenosis, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Mitral Stenosis, Valvular Heart Disease, Aortic Insufficiency

Statins Aid Bypass Surgery Recovery, Research Shows

Posted 12 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2016 – Patients who take statins before and after heart bypass surgery have fewer complications and a reduced risk of dying during and soon after the operation, a new analysis finds. In a review of recent studies on the use of statins (such as Lipitor or Zocor) before and after bypass surgery, researchers found that the cholesterol-lowering drugs reduced the incidence of the abnormal heartbeat atrial fibrillation by 58 percent. In addition, statins also reduced the risk of dying in the hospital after the operation by 43 percent. "We think statins have these effects because they reduce inflammation," said researcher Dr. Islam Elgendy, of the division of cardiovascular medicine at the University of Florida, Gainesville. "Right after bypass surgery, there is intense inflammation of the heart," he added. "Perhaps starting statins two weeks before the surgery reduces the ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Angina, Zocor, Lovastatin, Rosuvastatin, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Pravachol, Livalo, Red Yeast Rice, Lescol, Ischemic Heart Disease, Lescol XL, Mevacor, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Altoprev

Even Slight Kidney Decline May Affect Heart

Posted 12 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 11, 2016 – Even a slight decline in kidney function can lead to heart damage, a new study suggests. "Mild chronic kidney disease is common, affecting over 10 percent of the U.S. population, so if kidney disease really is a cause of heart disease it may be a major public health problem," said study senior author Dr. Jonathan Townend, a professor of cardiology at Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham in England. The study, published Jan. 11 in the journal Hypertension, included 68 living kidney donors, average age 47, who were followed for a year after donating their kidney. They were compared with a control group of 56 people, average age 44, who did not donate a kidney. Compared to those in the control group, the kidney donors had an expected decrease in kidney function, an increase in the mass of the heart's left ventricle (a strong predictor of heart disease risk), and a ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease

Exercise May Lower Heart Disease Risk in Depressed People: Study

Posted 12 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 11, 2016 – Exercise may reduce the chances of developing heart disease for people with depression, a new study suggests. Depressed people who weren't physically active had stiffer and more inflamed aortas – the large artery carrying blood from the heart – two signs of heart disease. But, in depressed people who exercised, aortic stiffening and inflammation were less common, the study authors found. "Depression and physical inactivity have been shown to be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events," said Dr. Gregg Fonarow, a professor of cardiology at the University of California, Los Angeles, who reviewed the study's findings. "Although associations [in the study] were found between depression and artery function, which was improved in people who exercise regularly, additional studies are needed before we can conclude that exercise reduces heart disease ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Heart Disease

Childhood Cancer Treatment May Raise Adult Heart Disease Risk

Posted 5 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 4, 2016 – Children who survive cancer may face a higher risk of heart disease as adults, new research suggests. The lingering effects of the treatments that saved their lives as children may trigger the development of heart abnormalities that might not cause apparent symptoms, the researchers explained. The investigators found that heart disease appears to affect between 3 percent and 24 percent of pediatric cancer survivors by the time they reach their 30s. Those figures rose to between 10 and 37 percent among patients 40 and older, the study found. However, while the study revealed a link between childhood cancer treatment and later heart disease, it didn't prove cause-and-effect. "The prevalence of these cardiac findings might be expected in an older adult population, but not necessarily in this young a population," said study lead author Dr. Daniel Mulrooney. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Heart Disease, Methotrexate, Fluorouracil, Cardiac Arrhythmia, Xeloda, Cardiomyopathy, Hydroxyurea, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Mercaptopurine, Hydrea, Carboplatin, Cisplatin, Cytoxan, Dacogen, Temodar, Bendamustine, Cyclophosphamide, Oxaliplatin, Gemzar

Too Often, CPAP Is Only Sleep Apnea Treatment Offered

Posted 31 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 31, 2015 – More than half of those diagnosed with sleep apnea fail to stick with the standard treatment for the condition, the CPAP mask, a new study says. And most aren't given additional options or referred to a specialist, even when they can't tolerate the first treatment. Obstructive sleep apnea is a common breathing disorder in which a person frequently stops or slows their breathing during sleep. The standard treatment is continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP. A CPAP mask pushes air into the person's airways while they sleep. "The most striking thing about our study is that this is the first study to look at how many patients are using CPAP after a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea," said corresponding author Dr. Alan Kominsky, an assistant professor of surgery at Cleveland Clinic in Ohio. "The surprising finding was just how few patients were referred to ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Insulin Resistance, Sleep Apnea, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease

All High-Risk Patients Should Get Blood Pressure Meds: Study

Posted 25 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 24, 2015 – People known to be at high risk for a heart attack or stroke should be given blood pressure-lowering medications no matter their blood pressure level, new research suggests. Current protocols recommend starting medication when readings reach specific levels. The threshold used to be 130/85 mm Hg. But it was recently shifted to 140/90 mm Hg for non-elderly individuals, and 150/90 for the elderly. The newest and latest call for a new treatment regimen follows a review of 123 studies conducted between 1966 and 2015 that, in total, involved more than 600,000 people. The new report was published in the Dec. 23 issue of The Lancet. "Our findings clearly show that treating blood pressure to a lower level than currently recommended could greatly reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease and potentially save millions of lives if the treatment was widely ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Lisinopril, Hypertension, Metoprolol, Heart Disease, Atenolol, Heart Attack, Losartan, Hydrochlorothiazide, Propranolol, Benicar, Diovan, Heart Failure, Bystolic, Congestive Heart Failure, Carvedilol, Renal Failure, Ramipril, Bisoprolol

Sudden Cardiac Arrest May Not Be So Sudden

Posted 22 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 – Sudden cardiac arrest may not be as sudden as doctors have thought, researchers report. Roughly half of cardiac arrest patients experience telltale warning signs that their heart is in danger of stopping in the month preceding their attack, new study findings suggest. Those symptoms can include any combination of chest pain and pressure, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, and flu-like sensations (such as nausea, back pain and/or abdominal pain), the researchers said. The problem: less than one in five of those who experience symptoms actually reach out for potentially lifesaving emergency medical assistance, the investigators found. "Most people who have a sudden cardiac arrest will not make it out alive," warned study co-author Dr. Sumeet Chugh, associate director of the Heart Institute and director of the Heart Rhythm Center at Cedars-Sinai Medical ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Heart Block, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Asystole, Post MI Syndrome

Toothlessness a Clue to Deadly Heart Disease?

Posted 17 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 17, 2015 – Toothless heart disease patients are nearly twice as likely to die as those who have all their teeth, a new study suggests. Gum disease is the most common cause of tooth loss, and gum disease-related inflammation is believed to play a role in the narrowing of arteries, the researchers said. "While we can't yet advise patients to look after their teeth to lower their cardiovascular risk, the positive effects of brushing and flossing are well established. The potential for additional positive effects on cardiovascular health would be a bonus," said study lead author Dr. Ola Vedin, a cardiologist at Uppsala University Hospital and Uppsala Clinical Research Center in Sweden. The study included more than 15,000 heart disease patients in 39 countries. They were assessed for tooth loss and followed for an average of 3.7 years. Those with the fewest teeth were older, ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Periodontitis

Heart Disease Now Kills 1 of Every 3 Americans

Posted 16 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 16, 2015 – One-third of deaths in the United States are caused by heart disease, stroke and other heart-related diseases, a report released Wednesday says. Heart disease and stroke are also the leading causes of death worldwide, the report showed. In 2013, cardiovascular disease killed 801,000 Americans, the American Heart Association (AHA) report found. These are deaths from stroke and all heart-related conditions, which include heart attacks, heart failure, and valve and artery diseases. Coronary heart disease alone caused 370,000 deaths in the United States that year, the AHA said. About 795,000 people in the United States had a stroke in 2013. These strokes caused nearly 129,000 deaths. Approximately 750,000 Americans had a heart attack in 2013. Those heart attacks resulted in 116,000 deaths in 2013, the researchers said. The report also noted significant racial ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders

Shingles Linked to Raised Heart Risks for Seniors, Study Finds

Posted 15 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 15, 2015 – Seniors who develop the painful rash known as shingles appear to face a short-term increase in their risk for having a stroke or heart attack, new research indicates. The finding was based on the tracking of heart health among more than 67,000 newly diagnosed shingles patients who were aged 65 and older. The analysis revealed that stroke risk more than doubled in the first week following a shingles diagnosis, with heart attack risk also climbing, though not by quite as much. The risk for both appeared to return to normal within six months. "The study highlights when patients with shingles may be most vulnerable," explained study author Caroline Minassian, a research fellow in the faculty of epidemiology and population health at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine in England. "If we know when these events are more likely to happen, this may ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Herpes Zoster, Zostavax, Ischemic Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Herpes Zoster Peripheral Neuropathy, Herpes Zoster Meningitis

Genetic Abnormality May Explain Health Complications of Down Syndrome

Posted 14 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2015 – People with Down syndrome have long been known to face a higher risk for a range of other illnesses, including heart disease, diabetes and immune disorders. Now, a new study has honed in on a possible cause: too much of a specific gene that disturbs the peripheral nervous system. The peripheral nervous system is involved in basic organ-related activities. These activities include heartbeat, blood pressure and blood sugar levels, the Johns Hopkins University researchers explained. They looked at tissue samples from both mice and people with Down syndrome. They found that those with Down syndrome carry three times the normal amount of a certain gene called RCAN1. This particular gene helps regulate a protein known as "nerve growth factor." Excess amounts of RCAN1 lower the activity of nerve growth factor, the researchers observed. And that change led to impaired ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Seizures, Heart Disease, Seizure Prevention, Diabetes, Type 1, Down Syndrome, Insulin Resistance, Autoimmune Disorders, Pre-Diabetes, Seizure Prophylaxis, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Heart Disease, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Trisomy 18

A Newborn's Heart Attack Shows Heart Can Regrow, Recover

Posted 11 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 11, 2015 – Scientists who saved the life of a newborn after a massive heart attack say the case shows that the human heart can fully recover after suffering major damage. The heart attack suffered by the infant in the first hours of life was caused by a blockage in one of the heart's main blood vessels. "The baby's heart was severely damaged. Astonishingly, the baby recovered very quickly," study author Bernhard Haubner, from the Institute of Molecular Biotechnology in Vienna, Austria, said in an institute news release. Findings from the study were published online Dec. 9 in the journal Circulation Research. "One and one-half months after his severe illness, we were able to release the child. His heart is functioning normally. This observation proves for the first time that the human heart can fully recover after suffering massive damage," Jorg-Ingolf Stein, head of ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Diagnosis and Investigation, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome

Maybe You Can Forecast Your Health Better Than a Doctor

Posted 10 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 10, 2015 – How you rate your health could predict your risk of getting a cold, a new study suggests. Psychologists from Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh had 360 healthy adults between the ages of 18 and 55 complete a simple self-assessment. The results accurately predicted their susceptibility to the common cold. The findings suggest it may be helpful for doctors to ask patients to rate their own health, according to the research team. "Poor self-ratings of health have been found to predict poor health trajectories in older adults, including an increased risk for mortality," said study leader Sheldon Cohen, a professor of psychology at the university. Cohen said the link was significant even after accounting for the effects of objective indicators of health such as physical examinations, medical records and hospitalizations. "We wanted to examine whether ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders

More Support for Lower Blood Pressure Goals

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 9, 2015 – Intensive treatment to lower blood pressure below currently recommended levels reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke in patients with high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes and kidney disease, a new study shows. Effective blood pressure goals have been the subject of much recent scientific debate, with another recent study also supporting lower targets. For this study, researchers analyzed data from 19 clinical trials that included nearly 45,000 people. They wanted to assess the potential benefits and safety of pushing systolic blood pressure in high-risk patients below the current target of 140. Systolic is the top number in a blood pressure reading. Compared to those who received standard treatment, average systolic pressure was 6.8 lower and diastolic blood pressure was 4.5 lower in patients who received more intensive treatment – 133.2/76.4 ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Lisinopril, Hypertension, Metoprolol, Heart Disease, Atenolol, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Hydrochlorothiazide, Propranolol, Bystolic, Carvedilol, Renal Failure, Ramipril, Bisoprolol, Coreg, Enalapril, Benazepril, Inderal, Transient Ischemic Attack

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