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Related terms: Drug Abuse, Drug Addiction, Opiate Addiction

Use of Needle Exchange Programs Up Dramatically in 10 Years: CDC

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30, 2016 – Although there was a significant increase in the use of syringe services programs (SSPs) – more commonly known as needle exchange programs – across the United States over the past decade, many injection drug users don't always use sterile needles, a federal government report says. Previously used needles put drug users at risk for infectious diseases such as HIV and hepatitis B and C, the report noted. Needle exchange programs provide sterile needles and syringes to injection drug users. These programs also refer drug users to prevention, care and treatment services. Researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention looked at data from injection drug users in 22 cities with high rates of HIV. In 2015, 54 percent of injection drug users said they used a needle exchange program in the past year. That was up significantly compared to the 36 ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Hepatitis C, HIV Infection, Drug Dependence, Hepatitis B, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Hepatitis B Prevention, Exposure to Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis

U.S. Surgeon General Declares War on Addiction

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 – America's response to alcohol and drug addiction demands a shift in thinking – away from moralizing and toward proven medical treatment instead, the U.S. Surgeon General said Thursday. For too long, addiction has been looked at as a character flaw or a moral failing, rather than as a chronic disease of the brain, Dr. Vivek Murthy said during a morning news conference. "We have 20.8 million people in America with substance abuse disorders," the Surgeon General noted. But only one in 10 is getting treatment, research shows. "That is unacceptable, we have to close that gap," Murthy said. Addiction to alcohol or drugs is not hopeless. "There's strong evidence that prevention and treatment work," Murthy said. Under this line of thinking, treatment of opioid disorders – a national crisis – is likely to include medications such as buprenorphine and methadone. ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Endocet, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, Substance Abuse

Blood Test May Spot Babies at Risk for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Posted 9 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9, 2016 – A blood test on expectant mothers may help identify infants at risk for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), according to a new study. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders occur when women drink large amounts of alcohol during pregnancy. The condition can affect a child's development and cause long-lasting physical and mental health problems. Being able to identify infants at risk for FASD might lead to early treatment and better outcomes, the researchers said. "It's a huge problem, but we might not realize the full scope because infants born with normal-looking physical features may be missed, making many cases difficult to diagnose early," study co-senior author Rajesh Miranda said in a Texas A&M University news release. He is a professor in the university's Department of Neuroscience and Experimental Therapeutics. Researchers examined the health and ... Read more

Related support groups: Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Delivery, Substance Abuse, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Heavy Drinking While Young May Mean Hefty Health Tab Later

Posted 2 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2, 2016 – Young adults who are problem drinkers tend to suffer from more health problems later in life than non-drinkers, even if they conquered their alcoholism years earlier, a new study indicates. Men with alcohol dependence in young adulthood had, on average, three medical conditions in their 60s, while non-drinkers only reported two, researchers found in an analysis of Vietnam-era veterans. In addition, drinkers' scores on a depression scale were about twice as high as those of non-drinkers. These effects were seen even among former drinkers who had been free from alcoholism for decades, said study author Randy Haber. He is a clinical psychologist with the Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System, in Menlo Park, Calif. The results show there may be hidden consequences, either physical or mental, of heavy drinking during young adulthood, the researchers ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Smoking, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, Hangover, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Opioid Overdoses Up Nearly 200 Percent Among Kids, Teens

Posted 31 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 31, 2016 – The number of young children and teens hospitalized for overdosing on opioid painkillers has spiked nearly 200 percent in recent years, a new study finds. Among children under 10, most of the painkiller poisonings were accidental, with children "eating them like candy," said lead researcher Julie Gaither, a postdoctoral fellow in biostatistics at the Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, Conn. Among teens, most were accidental overdoses, although some were suicide attempts. In both age groups, the increase in cases involving painkillers like OxyContin, Percocet and Vicodin was dramatic. Among children aged 1 to 4 years, the number of poisonings went up 205 percent from 1997 to 2012. For teens 15 to 19, the increase was 176 percent. Overall, the study showed a 165 percent increase in poisonings from opioid painkillers among those 19 and younger. In addition, ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Methadone, Percocet, Tramadol, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Codeine, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Ultram, Opana ER

Alcohol, Drugs a Poor Halloween Mix

Posted 30 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, Oct. 29, 2016 – Alcohol, drugs and Halloween are a bad blend, an ER doctor warns. "Injuries related to pumpkin carving are more common if persons are intoxicated or under the influence of mood-altering substances. Puncture-type injuries are quite common during Halloween – especially injuries to the index finger," said Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Even when you're sober, it's important to take some safety precautions when carving your jack-o'-lantern. Glatter offers these tips: Make sure your carving tools and hands are dry to prevent slipping. Consider using specially designed pumpkin-carving tools found online and in specialty shops. "They may be more useful to carve rinds, poke through holes and scoop out the inside of the pumpkin, without being too sharp to cause injury," Glatter said in a hospital news release. ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, Hangover, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

FDA Warns of Dangers From Testosterone Supplements

Posted 26 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26, 2016 – Supplemental testosterone and related anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) can cause heart attacks, personality changes and infertility, and are easily abused, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns. The agency said Monday that labeling on all prescription testosterone products – which are approved to treat men with low testosterone due to certain medical conditions – will be revised. Millions of American men currently use testosterone pills, gels or get injections in hopes of boosting their physical health or libido. Anabolic steroids are synthetic variations of testosterone and are legally prescribed to treat conditions such as delayed puberty and diseases that cause muscle loss, such as cancer or AIDS. But "testosterone and other AAS are abused by adults and adolescents, including athletes and body builders," according to an FDA news release. "Abuse ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Fatigue, Erectile Dysfunction, Testosterone, Drug Dependence, AndroGel, Agitation, Testim, Alcoholism, Axiron, Substance Abuse, Androderm, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Fortesta, Depo-Testosterone, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Testopel, Sexual Deviations or Disorders

Medical Marijuana Not a Lure for Kids: Study

Posted 25 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 25, 2016 – Are U.S. kids who live in states with legal medical marijuana more likely to smoke pot? The answer appears to be no, a new study suggests. However, the study did find that people over 25 were smoking more marijuana after the laws took effect. "There were only increases in marijuana use and in the perceived availability of marijuana use after the enactment of these laws among adults aged 26 and up," said study lead author Dr. Silvia Martins. "The laws seem to be working as expected with little unintended consequences for youth and young adults to date," added Martins, an associate professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in New York City. "There were fears that once medical marijuana laws were enacted and marijuana became more easily available, it would be diverted to recreational use by youth as well as adults," Martins ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Cannabis

Mixed News on Drug Abuse Among Lesbian, Gay Americans

Posted 13 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 13, 2016 – Lesbian, gay and bisexual adults have higher rates of substance use and mental illness than their straight counterparts, a U.S. government report shows. On the plus side, this group is much more likely than heterosexuals to receive needed treatment for those disorders should they arise, the same report finds. "This report offers unprecedented insight into the behavioral health needs of lesbian, gay, and bisexual Americans – people critical to our community whose health concerns have often been overlooked," said Kana Enomoto, deputy principal administrator at the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). She spoke in a news release from the agency, which issued the new findings Oct. 13. The new data comes from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, focusing on a wide range of U.S. adults. The study found that about 39 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Opiate Dependence, Smoking, Schizophrenia, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Psychiatric Disorders, Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, Hangover, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

DEA Puts Quota on Production of Opioid Painkillers

Posted 5 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2016 – The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) says it has mandated significant cuts in the production of powerful prescription opioid painkillers. Illegal use of the drugs has helped to fuel the opioid epidemic in the United States. Since 1999, the rate of overdose deaths involving opioids – including prescription opioid pain relievers and heroin – nearly quadrupled, with more than 165,000 deaths reported, according to federal health officials. The prescription painkillers in question include drugs such as oxycodone (Oxycontin), hydrocodone (Vicodin), hydromorphone (Dilaudid, Exalgo and Palladone), fentanyl and morphine. The amount of these drugs allowed to be manufactured in the United States will be reduced by 25 percent or more in 2017, the DEA said. Production of certain opioid medications, such as hydrocodone, will be reduced by 34 percent, the agency ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Dilaudid, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Drug Dependence, Hydromorphone, Endocet, Duragesic, Kadian, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone

Risk of Opioid Addiction Up 37 Percent Among Young U.S. Adults

Posted 4 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 4, 2016 – Young adults in the United States are more likely to become addicted to prescription opioids than they were in years past. And they're more likely to use heroin, too, a new study says. A review of federal data found the odds of becoming dependent on opioids like Vicodin and Percocet increased 37 percent among 18- to 25-year-olds between 2002 and 2014. The study was conducted by researchers from Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in New York City. A grim picture emerged among slightly older adults, too: Risk of an opioid use disorder more than doubled among 26- to 34-year-olds, increasing from 11 percent to 24 percent, the study found. "Our analyses present the evidence to raise awareness and urgency to address these rising and problematic trends among young adults," said study first author Dr. Silvia Martins, an associate professor of ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Heroin, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, Hydromet, Roxicet, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Tussionex Pennkinetic, Lorcet 10/650

Opioid Epidemic Costs U.S. $78.5 Billion Annually: CDC

Posted 21 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 21, 2016 – Abuse of powerful prescription painkillers called opioids costs the U.S. economy $78.5 billion a year, according to a new government study. Researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analyzed the financial toll of opioid abuse, including direct health care costs, lost productivity and costs to the criminal justice system. "More than 40 Americans die each day from overdoses involving prescription opioids. Families and communities continue to be devastated by the epidemic of prescription opioid overdoses," said CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden. "The rising cost of the epidemic is also a tremendous burden for the health care system." The study, led by Curtis Florence of the CDC's National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, found that health care accounted for about 30 percent of the costs associated with opioid abuse in 2013. Total ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, Substance Abuse, Hydromet, Roxicet, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Tussionex Pennkinetic

Kids With Bipolar Disorder More Likely to Abuse Drugs, Alcohol: Study

Posted 16 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 16, 2016 – For some teens with bipolar disorder, the risk that they will abuse alcohol and drugs may increase as they get older, a new study suggests. The research included 105 young people with bipolar disorder and 98 without the illness (the "control" group). Their average age was 14 when they first enrolled in the study. Bipolar disorder causes unusual shifts in mood, energy and activity levels, and also affects the ability to carry out everyday tasks. Initially, 34 percent of the young teens with bipolar disorder also had "substance use disorder," which means they had a problem with drug or alcohol abuse. Only 4 percent of the kids in the control group abused alcohol or drugs, the study showed. In addition, the researchers found, almost one-quarter of kids with bipolar disorder smoked cigarettes, compared to just 4 percent of the comparison group. Five years after the ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Mania, Smoking Cessation, Drug Dependence, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Cyclothymic Disorder, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Executive Function Disorder

Do States With Medical Marijuana Have Less Opioid Abuse?

Posted 15 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 15, 2016 – A new study of drivers who died in auto accidents suggests people in states with medical marijuana laws may be using fewer opioid painkillers, the study authors contend. "After the implementation of a medical marijuana law, there appears to be less opioid use, at least among young and middle-aged adults," study lead author June Kim said. He's a graduate student in epidemiology at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health in New York City. However, two addiction experts not involved with the research were critical of the methodology used, saying the study authors did not prove the point they were trying to make. The study sought to understand how laws allowing the medical use of marijuana – now legal in 25 states and Washington, D.C. – might affect the use of opioid painkillers such as oxycodone (OxyContin) and hydrocodone (used in Vicodin and ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Back Pain, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Drug Dependence, Cannabis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Most on Opioid Painkillers OK With Getting Overdose Antidote: Survey

Posted 13 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 13, 2016 – A new, small survey of people taking powerful opioid painkillers like OxyContin and Vicodin found that most were willing to also fill prescriptions for an overdose antidote. Three patients even used the antidote to treat an apparent overdose within a few months, the researchers said. The findings provide more evidence to support wider access to the antidote naloxone, better known by the brand name Narcan. "Physicians should absolutely consider prescribing naloxone with opioids," said study co-author Dr. Phillip Coffin. He is director of substance use research with the San Francisco Department of Public Health's Center for Public Health Research. "Some providers have voiced concern that prescribing naloxone to patients could result in negative patient reactions," Coffin added. "We found that this was rare. Even among the few with a negative initial reaction, ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, Hydromet, Roxicet, Naloxone, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone

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