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Related terms: Drug Abuse, Drug Addiction, Opiate Addiction

Opioid Abuse Rises When Prescriptions Are Renewed

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 18, 2018 – How long you take opioid painkillers after surgery is a much stronger risk factor for addiction and overdose than the dosage of the opioids you take, researchers report. The new study included more than 560,000 people who were prescribed opioids such as OxyContin or Percocet after surgery. None had a history of recent or chronic opioid use. Each additional week of opioid use increased the risk for addiction or nonfatal overdose by 20 percent, the study found. Each additional refill increased the risk by 44 percent. The first refill more than doubled the risk, according to the study. Dosage proved to be far less of a risk factor for addiction or overdose, defined by the researchers as misuse. In fact, the study authors said that among people who took opioids for two weeks or less, the risk for misuse was the same even for patients whose dosages were twice as ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Hydromet, Roxicet, Tussionex Pennkinetic, Vicodin ES, Lorcet 10/650

Tamper-Resistant Opioids May Not Ease Addiction Crisis: Study

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 11, 2018 – Tamper-resistant opioid pills – one attempt to curb prescription painkiller abuse – aren't stopping overuse and overdosing, at least in Australia, new research shows. "This formulation was developed with the specific aim of reducing tampering, targeting behaviors such as injection or snorting," said the study's lead author, Briony Larance. But there was also the hope that tamper-resistant formulations of oxycodone might reduce opioid-related harms – such as overdose – more broadly, she said. Larance is a senior research fellow at the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre at the University of New South Wales in Sydney. "Until this study, it wasn't clear whether or not they would do this," Larance said. Tamper-resistant oxycodone did, however, reduce oxycodone use and injection by people who injected drugs, the study found. Australia is in the midst of ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Lortab, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Substance Abuse, Vicoprofen, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Hydromet, Roxicet, Tussionex Pennkinetic

The Opioid Crisis' Hidden Victims: Children in Foster Care

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 8, 2018 – As the opioid epidemic continues to grip the United States, the toll on the littlest victims – the children of addicts – is mounting, new research shows. "There are many negative aspects to the opioid crisis, but its effect on children is arguably one of the worst," said study author Troy Quast, an associate professor at the University of South Florida's College of Public Health. Sometimes children are removed from their parents due to neglect. Or they may no longer have a home because their parents died of an overdose. Some of these youngsters can live with grandparents. But many end up in the already overburdened foster care system. Quast's team explored some of the reasons children are removed from the home and how those removals appear linked to the opioid epidemic. They found that out of every 1,000 kids in Florida, two had to be removed from their homes ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Lortab, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Hydromet, Roxicet, Tussionex Pennkinetic, Vicodin ES

Epidemic of Opioid Abuse Is Top Health Story of 2017

Posted 29 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 28, 2017 – The millions of Americans caught in the grip of an addiction to opioids – prescription painkillers or heroin – remained the leading health news story of the past year. The scourge is now so widespread that, just last week, research suggested that deaths from opioid overdoses may be the biggest factor driving a decline in overall U.S. life expectancy. If the trend holds, "we could have more than two years of declining life expectancy in a row, which we haven't seen since the influenza pandemic of 1918," said Bob Anderson, a statistician at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which recently released the 2016 data. Overall, 63,600 Americans – many in young adulthood or middle age – died from an opioid overdose in 2016. That's higher than the 40,000 annual deaths lost to AIDS at the height of the 1990s HIV crisis. The advent of extremely ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Lortab, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Substance Abuse, Vicoprofen, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Hydromet, Roxicet, Tussionex Pennkinetic

U.S. Life Expectancy Drops as Opioid Deaths Surge

Posted 21 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 21, 2017 – The opioid epidemic continues to chip away at the average American life span, federal health officials reported Thursday. Life expectancy declined in the United States for the second year in a row in 2016, driven downward by fatal drug overdoses in young and middle-aged adults, according to a new report from the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). If the trend holds, "we could have more than two years of declining life expectancy in a row, which we haven't seen since the influenza pandemic of 1918," said Bob Anderson, chief of the NCHS Mortality Statistics Branch. "We haven't seen three years in a row since then, and that was a century ago." Average life expectancy for the U.S. population in 2016 was 78.6 years, a decrease of one-tenth of a year from 2015, the researchers said. That followed another one-tenth of a year decline between 2014 and ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Lortab, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Substance Abuse, Vicoprofen, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Hydromet, Roxicet, Tussionex Pennkinetic

Heroin Vaccine Blunts Drug's Effect in Animals

Posted 19 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 19, 2017 – An experimental heroin vaccine has shown promise in an early animal study. In mice and rats, the vaccine triggered antibodies that prevented heroin from crossing the blood-brain barrier. "By eliciting antibodies that bind with heroin in the blood, the vaccine aims to block the euphoria and addictive effects [in the brain]," explained researcher Gary Matyas. He is chief of adjuvants and formulations for the U.S. Military HIV Research Program. "We hope to give people a window so they can overcome their addiction," he added. However, research with animals frequently doesn't produce similar results in humans. The researchers also discovered that the vaccine produced antibodies against other opioids, including the painkillers OxyContin, Vicodin and codeine. The vaccine also dampened the impact of high doses of heroin, which suggests it might be able to prevent an ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Drug May Help Surgical Patients Stop Opioids Sooner

Posted 13 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 13, 2017 – Opioid painkillers after surgery can be the first step toward addiction for some patients. But a common drug might cut the amount of narcotics that patients need, a new study finds. When patients received a non-opioid medication called gabapentin before and after surgery, the need for continued opioid painkillers was reduced by 24 percent, said researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine. The finding comes amid an opioid epidemic in the United States. Since 1999, overdose deaths have quadrupled, in large part due to abuse of prescription painkillers such as OxyContin (oxycodone) or heroin. "Our country is facing an opioid crisis, and a lot of people are exposed to opioids after surgery," said researcher Dr. Sean Mackey, chief of the division of pain medicine. More than 51 million Americans undergo surgery each year, according to background notes in ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Percocet, Gabapentin, OxyContin, Opiate Dependence, Neurontin, Heroin, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Percocet 10/325, Substance Abuse, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Roxicet, Gralise, Percocet 5/325, OxyIR, Percocet 7.5/325, Percodan, Xtampza ER

Often, Opioid Abuse Becomes a Family Affair

Posted 11 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 11, 2017 – Opioid addiction often starts in the family medicine cabinet, a new study warns. If someone is taking prescription opioids for pain, such as OxyContin, it's more likely that others living in the home will also get an opioid prescription, the researchers found. "Prescription opioid use may spread within households, and patients may need to consider the risks to other family members," said lead researcher Marissa Seamans. She is a postdoctoral fellow at Johns Hopkins School of Public Health's department of mental health in Baltimore. Although the increased risk was small – less than 1 percent – it may be relevant across the whole population, since millions of opioids are prescribed in the United States each year, she noted. An opioid epidemic continues to wreak havoc in America. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 91 people die from ... Read more

Related support groups: OxyContin, Opiate Dependence, Tylenol, Advil, Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

U.S. Courts, Jails Could Be Key Players in Curbing Opioid Abuse

Posted 7 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 6, 2017 – Just 5 percent of people referred for opioid addiction treatment by the U.S. criminal justice system receive the best treatment, a new study finds. Use of medications such as methadone and buprenorphine is considered the most effective way to treat opioid addiction, said researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The drugs help control the withdrawal symptoms and cravings that can lead to relapse and they reduce the risk for overdose. In contrast, the study found that 40 percent of people referred for opioid addiction treatment by other sources – such as health care providers, employers or themselves – were treated with medication. The low rate of referrals for medication among people in the criminal justice system highlights a missed opportunity to connect the highest-risk people with effective treatment, the researchers said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Methadone, Opiate Dependence, Subutex, Butrans, Drug Dependence, Buprenorphine, Diskets, Substance Abuse, Zubsolv, Methadose, Bunavail, Belbuca, Methadone Diskets, Buprenorphine/Naloxone, Buprenex, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Dolophine, Probuphine, Methadose Sugar-Free

Steep Rise in Deaths for People Hospitalized After Opioid OD

Posted 4 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 4, 2017 – The death rate has quadrupled among people whose opioid use lands them in a hospital, a new U.S. study finds. More opioid users are being sent to the hospital due to a life-threatening overdose than for treatment of drug addiction, the researchers noted. About 2 percent of people hospitalized for opioid use died in 2014, compared with 0.4 percent prior to 2000, the new analysis of federal hospital data revealed. The same analysis showed that hospitalizations due to opioid or heroin poisoning have increased in recent years, even as the rate of people seeking treatment of opioid addiction at a hospital has gone down, said senior researcher Dr. Zirui Song. He is an assistant professor of health care policy at Harvard Medical School. Before the turn of the century, most opioid-related hospitalizations were for treatment of opioid dependence and abuse. The more dire ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Opiate Withdrawal, Lortab, Heroin, MS Contin, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Kadian, Percocet 10/325, M O S, Substance Abuse

Taking Your Meds? A Digital Pill Can Tell

Posted 4 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 4, 2017 – Pairing medication with an ingestible sensor can help clinicians track how often and when patients actually take their prescription drugs, according to a small new investigational study. The findings come on the heels of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's decision last month to approve the first digital pill for use with the antipsychotic drug Abilify, often prescribed to treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression. The new research involved just 15 patients, all of whom had been prescribed the opioid pain drug oxycodone (OxyContin) after sustaining a fracture. However, the study participants were given a special configuration of oxycodone. The pain med was packaged together with a so-called "digital pill." This meant that each time a patient took the pain med, they ingested a gelatin capsule that contained the oxycodone as well as a radiofrequency ... Read more

Related support groups: OxyContin, Opiate Dependence, Abilify, Drug Dependence, Fracture, bone, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Abilify MyCite

Once-Monthly Injection, Buprenorphine, Approved for Opioid Addiction

Posted 1 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 1, 2017 – Sublocade, a once-monthly injection of buprenorphine to treat opioid use disorder, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Opioid abuse is diagnosed when a person's pattern of opioid use leads to "significant impairment or distress and includes signs and symptoms that reflect compulsive, prolonged self-administration of opioid substances for no legitimate medical purpose," or opioids are taken in far higher-than-recommended doses, the agency said in a news release. The drug buprenorphine has been shown to reduce opioid withdrawal symptoms and the desire to use opioids, "without causing the cycle of highs and lows associated with opioid misuse or abuse," the FDA said. "Everyone who seeks treatment for opioid use disorder deserves the opportunity to be offered the treatment best suited to the needs of each individual patient, in combination with ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Opiate Dependence, Subutex, Butrans, Drug Dependence, Buprenorphine, Substance Abuse, Zubsolv, Bunavail, Belbuca, Buprenorphine/Naloxone, Buprenex, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Probuphine, Sublocade

FDA Approves Monthly Dose of Opioid Addiction Treatment

Posted 1 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 1, 2017 – A once-monthly injection of the opioid addiction drug buprenorphine has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. "Millions of Americans are suffering from addiction to opioid drugs, and millions more are worried that the overdose epidemic could claim the lives of a friend or loved one," FDA Commissioner Dr. Scott Gottlieb said Thursday in an agency news release. "We need immediate actions to help those suffering from an opioid use disorder transition to lives of sobriety," he added. The new dosage provides patients with "access to a new and longer-acting option for the treatment of opioid addiction," Gottlieb noted. The United States is in the grip of an opioid epidemic, with the number of overdose deaths quadrupling between 2000 and 2015, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. And Johns Hopkins researchers recently ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Subutex, Butrans, Drug Dependence, Buprenorphine, Substance Abuse, Zubsolv, Belbuca, Bunavail, Buprenex, Buprenorphine/Naloxone, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Probuphine, Sublocade

Cops on 'Spice' Raids Getting High by Accident

Posted 30 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 30, 2017 – Police and federal agents cracking down on the makers of "designer drugs" like Spice are getting high from the mind-altering substances themselves, a new U.S. government report shows. After one raid, six of nine agents had signs of Spice and "kratom" – an herbal supplement with opium-like effects – in their urine, according to the report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Spice is a mix of herbs and man-made chemicals that mimic the psychoactive effects of marijuana. But it's often more potent than the real thing, and inhaling or swallowing Spice can lead to serious reactions, the researchers noted. "Intentional [Spice] use has resulted in multiple toxicities, but little is known about occupational exposure," wrote researchers led by Dr. Loren Tapp, a medical officer at the CDC. Because of this, federal agents requested a health hazard ... Read more

Related support groups: Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Another Opioid Scourge: Dangerous Infections

Posted 30 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 30, 2017 – The epidemic of opioid abuse in the United States has put hospital ERs on the front line, with staffers increasingly battling infections tied to the problem. ERs are seeing an increasing number of patients seeking care for severe infections resulting from injected use of heroin, fentanyl, oxycodone and the like, new research shows. ER radiologists are often the first to diagnose such complications, using X-rays, MRIs, CT scans and ultrasounds to spot infections that typically result from the use of non-sterile needles, the researchers said. Insights into how the opioid epidemic is playing out in the ER stem from a 12-year analysis that focused on more than 1,000 substance abuse patients who sought care for related complications between 2005 and 2016. The findings reflect the fact that "the opioid epidemic is a national emergency," said study author Dr. Efren ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Bacterial Infection, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Hydromet, Roxicet, Tussionex Pennkinetic

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