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Xeomin

Generic Name: incobotulinumtoxinA (IN koe BOT ue LYE num TOX in A)
Brand Names: Xeomin

What is Xeomin?

Xeomin (incobotulinumtoxinA, also called botulinum toxin type A), is made from the bacteria that causes botulism. Botulinum toxin blocks nerve activity in the muscles, causing a temporary reduction in muscle activity.

Xeomin is used to treat cervical dystonia (severe spasms in the neck muscles) and certain eye muscle conditions caused by nerve disorders. This includes uncontrolled blinking or spasm of the eyelids, and a condition in which the eyes do not point in the same direction.

Xeomin is also used to temporarily lessen the appearance of facial wrinkles (sometimes called "frown lines") between the eyebrows.

Xeomin may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Important information

The botulinum toxin contained in Xeomin can spread to other body areas beyond where it was injected. This has caused serious life-threatening side effects in some people receiving botulism toxin injections, even for cosmetic purposes.

Call your doctor at once if you have a hoarse voice, drooping eyelids, vision problems, severe muscle weakness, loss of bladder control, or trouble breathing, talking, or swallowing. Some of these effects can occur up to several weeks after a Xeomin injection. Do not seek botulinum toxin injections from more than one medical professional at a time. If you switch healthcare providers, be sure to tell your new provider how long it has been since your last botulinum toxin injection.

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Using Xeomin more often than prescribed will not make it more effective and may result in serious side effects.

You should not receive Xeomin if you are allergic to botulinum toxin, or if you have an infection, swelling, or muscle weakness in the area where the medicine will be injected.

Before receiving a Xeomin injection, tell your doctor if you have ALS (Lou Gehrig's disease), myasthenia gravis, Lambert-Eaton syndrome, a breathing disorder, trouble swallowing, facial muscle weakness, a change in the appearance of your face, seizures, bleeding problems, heart disease, if you have had or will have surgery, or if you have ever received other botulinum toxin injections such as Botox, Dysport, or Myobloc.

The effects of a Xeomin injection are temporary. Your symptoms may return completely within 3 months after an injection. After repeat injections, it may take less and less time before your symptoms return, especially if your body develops antibodies to the botulinum toxin.

Before taking this medicine

You should not receive Xeomin if you are allergic to botulinum toxin, or if you have an infection, swelling, or muscle weakness in the area where the medicine will be injected. Tell your doctor if you have ever had a side effect after receiving a botulinum toxin in the past.

To make sure Xeomin is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:

  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, or "Lou Gehrig's disease");

  • myasthenia gravis;

  • Lambert-Eaton syndrome;

  • a breathing disorder such as asthma or emphysema;

  • problems with swallowing;

  • facial muscle weakness (droopy eyelids, weak forehead, trouble raising your eyebrows);

  • a change in the normal appearance of your face;

  • a seizure disorder;

  • bleeding problems;

  • heart disease;

  • if you have had or will have surgery (especially on your face); or

  • if you have ever received other botulinum toxin injections such as Botox, Dysport, or Myobloc (especially in the last 4 months).

IncobotulinumtoxinA is made from human plasma (part of the blood) which may contain viruses and other infectious agents. Donated plasma is tested and treated to reduce the risk of it containing infectious agents, but there is still a small possibility it could transmit disease. Talk with your doctor about the risks and benefits of using Xeomin.

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether botulinum toxin will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using Xeomin. It is not known whether botulinum toxin passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not receive Xeomin without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

See also: Pregnancy and breastfeeding warnings (in more detail)

How is Xeomin given?

Xeomin is injected into a muscle. A doctor, nurse, or other healthcare provider will give you this injection. Xeomin injections should be spaced at least 3 months apart.

Xeomin injections should be given only by a trained medical professional.

Your injection may be given into more than one area at a time, depending on the condition being treated.

While receiving Xeomin injections for an eye muscle conditions, you may need to use eye drops, ointment, a special contact lens or other device to protect the surface of your eye. Follow your doctor's instructions.

It may take up to 7 days after injection before neck muscle spasm symptoms begin to improve.

The effects of a Xeomin injection are temporary. Your symptoms may return completely within 3 months after an injection. After repeat injections, it may take less and less time before your symptoms return, especially if your body develops antibodies to the botulinum toxin. Do not seek botulinum toxin injections from more than one medical professional at a time. If you switch healthcare providers, be sure to tell your new provider how long it has been since your last botulinum toxin injection.

Using Xeomin more often than prescribed will not make it more effective and may result in serious side effects.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Since Xeomin has a temporary effect and is given at widely spaced intervals, missing a dose is not likely to be harmful.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose symptoms may not appear right away, but can include severe muscle weakness, trouble swallowing, weak or shallow breathing, or loss of movement in any part of your body.

What should I avoid?

Xeomin may impair your vision or depth perception. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.

Avoid going back to your normal physical activities too quickly after receiving an injection.

Xeomin side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to Xeomin: hives; difficulty breathing; feeling like you might pass out; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

The botulinum toxin contained in Xeomin can spread to other body areas beyond where it was injected. This has caused serious life-threatening side effects in some people receiving botulism toxin injections, even for cosmetic purposes.

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects, some of which can occur up to several weeks after an injection:

  • trouble breathing, talking, or swallowing;

  • hoarse voice, drooping eyelids;

  • blurred vision, double vision;

  • unusual or severe muscle weakness (especially in a body area that was not injected with the medication);

  • loss of strength, loss of bladder control;

  • wheezing, tightness in your chest;

  • eye pain or irritation;

  • severe skin rash or itching; or

  • feeling like you might pass out.

Less serious Xeomin side effects may include:

  • neck pain;

  • dry eyes;

  • headache, tired feeling;

  • diarrhea;

  • eyelid swelling or bruising, blinking less than usual; or

  • pain, redness, or swelling where the injection was given.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

See also: Side effects (in more detail)

What other drugs will affect Xeomin?

Other medications such as cold or allergy medicine, muscle relaxers, sleeping pills, bronchodilators, bladder or urinary medicines, and irritable bowel medicines can increase some of the side effects of Xeomin. Tell your doctor if you regularly use any of these medications.

Tell your doctor about all medicines you use, and those you start or stop using during your treatment with Xeomin, especially:

  • a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven); or

  • an injected antibiotic such as amikacin (Amikin), gentamicin (Garamycin), kanamycin (Kantrex), neomycin (Mycifradin, Neo-Fradin, Neo-Tab), paromomycin (Humatin, Paromycin), streptomycin, tobramycin (Nebcin, Tobi).

This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with Xeomin. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

  • Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about Xeomin.
  • Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Xeomin only for the indication prescribed.
  • Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects.

Copyright 1996-2014 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 3.01. Revision Date: 2013-01-22, 3:02:46 PM.

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